Barracks were built at the outskirts of contemporary Zagreb in 1888/1889, the same time as number of army barracks in the western part of Zagreb during Khuen Hedervary's rule in Croatia. It was named in honor of crown prince Rudolf of Austria who opened construction works in 1888.
The complex was built as infantry barracks at the end of newly constructed Prilaz Avenue, effectively blocking further communication from city center towards Črnomerec, but its main building gave a monumental ending to Prilaz, similar to the way Zagreb Glavni railway station gave a monumental ending to three parks in center of the city. 
Today only the main building and four auxiliary buildings are preserved, homing Croatian Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction, Tourism institute, Zagreb city planning department and Črnomerec district council. Main building is under protection as monument of architecture. After demolition of most of buildings and all walls surrounding the military complex in 1978, there was plan to build commercial and cultural center (1981) but the area eventually spontaneously became public park. The park with buildings didn't have a name until 2006 when a part of it was named Franjo Tuđman Square, the other part of it was named very long time before Trg Francuske Republike (Place de la République française), because of an old story about Madame du Barry.
- "Rudolf in Croatian capitol" (PDF) (in Croatian). Retrieved 2007-09-05.
- Knežević, Snješka (1997). "Povijest područja bivše Rudolfove vojarne i Trga Francuske republike u Zagrebu". Godišnjak zaštite spomenika kulture Hrvatske 22/1996 - 23/1997 (in Croatian). Zagreb: 57–71. ISSN 0350-2589.
- "Abandoned barracks for new city" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2007-09-05.
- "Tudjman gets his square in Zagreb". Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- Robert Bajruši (6 June 2004). "Tuđmanu samo dio trga Francuske Republike" [Only a part of the French Republic Square set for Tuđman]. Nacional (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Bilić, Josip; Ivanković, Hrvoje, eds. (2006). "Rudolfova vojarna". Zagrebački leksikon (in Croatian). Zagreb: Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography and Masmedia. ISBN 953-157-486-3.