Rudolph Charles (1 October 1938 – 29 March 1985) was a musician and instrument maker of the Steelpan, but most notably, he was a pioneer and leader of the steelband movement in Trinidad and Tobago. Also known as Charlo, The Hammer and Trail, among other names, he led Desperadoes Steel Orchestra to 10 various victories from 1965 to 1985, including six Panoramas, two Classical Music Festivals, one Best Bomb and one Best Playing Steel Orchestra.
Charles was born as fourth of nine children and grew up in Laventille, a ward of Trinidad, near the capital Port of Spain. He joined the Desperadoes Steel Orchestra in 1958 and was their bandleader and tuner from 1961 until his death at the age 46 in 1985. Charles invented several instruments for the steelband, including the Nine Bass, the Rocket Pans or the Twelve Bass. He also invited other pan tuners, such as Bertie Marshall, to collaborate with him.
Rudolph Charles engaged himself strongly in the steelband movement. The boycott of the national Panorama in 1979 was a result of Charles' fight for higher recognition of pannists.
At UK Panorama 2013, Real Steel's winning calypso "Hammer Time" was dedicated to Rudolph Charles.
In 2014, Rudolph Charles was posthumously awarded the Chaconia Medal (Silver) for his contribution to culture at the anniversary of Independence National Awards.
- Ian R. Franklin, Desperadoes: Rudolph Charles Era and Beyond
- "Rudolph Charles - Twenty Five yeara Later, Steelband Leader Still Exceptional", When Steel Talks.
- "Rudolph Valentino Charles", MyPanyard.
- "The Steelpan - A Short History". Pan Trinbago web site. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Dr. F.I.R. Blake, "Rudolph Charles: Tuner, Maximum Leader and Master Innovator" (from The Trinidad and Tobago Steel Pan), International Conference and Panorama Secretariat.
- ""The Hammer" by David Rudder (Calypso Monarch winning performance, 1986)", YouTube.
- "Rudolph Valentino Charles – Steelpan Innovator", Caribbean Icons.
- Dalton Narine, "30 years after his death...Rudolph Charles lives", Trinidad Guardian, 29 March 2015.
- on YouTube
- Dalton Narine, "Thirty years after death, Rudolph Charles remains... The Baddest Desperado", When Steel Talks...
- Dalton Narine, "The Doc, The Hammer and the Shoe Box – History of the Steelband Music Movement – Rudolph Charles".