All Saints Church, Rudston
|Population||409 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Rudston is a small village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated between Driffield and Bridlington approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) to the west of Bridlington, and lies on the B1253 road. The Gypsey Race (an intermittent stream) runs through the village, which lies in the Great Wold Valley. There are a number of Neolithic sites associated with the stream and its valley. It is the current Seat of the Clan Macdonald of Sleat.
The place-name 'Rudston' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, and means 'rood' or 'cross' stone, referring to the monolith. However, the name 'rud' derives from Old Norse ruð, meaning a clearing or pasture. So the place name could be stone in the clearing, Ruðstane. Nearby Howes of Duggleby and Ba'l (In Ugaritic mythology Baal is the lord of the storm; he bears a mace where Thor will grasp a hammer) also indicate Norse Viking place names rather than Anglo-Saxon origins.
Southside Mount round barrow is situated to the south west of the village close to Woldgate reservoir.
Rudston is the centre of an unparalleled grouping of four Neolithic cursus monuments: cursus A, cursus B, cursus C and cursus D. At least one end of each cursus rests on an elevated chalk ridge on the sides of the Great Wold Valley. Cursuses A and C cross the Gypsey Race, whilst the other ends of cursuses B and D probably lie under the village.
Rudston Roman villa, noted for its mosaics, was first excavated in 1839. It was subsequently re-excavated in the 1930s, 1960s and 1970s. The mosaics are now in the Hull and East Riding Museum.
Rudston Grade I listed Anglican parish church is dedicated to All Saints. Of 14th-century origin, it was restored in 1861 by George Fowler Jones. It contains the gigantic organ, originally of four manuals, given by Sir Alexander McDonald of the Isles. Now a 3 manual instrument, it stands at the west end of the church in the original case. The author Winifred Holtby was born in Rudston and is buried in the church graveyard. Since September 2014, the North Aisle of the church has a small heritage area including a 3D map of the village with sites of interest noted and a set of information boards about the history of the village.
- UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Rudston Parish (1170211250)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Rudston CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 May 2008.
- Ekwall, Eilert. Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names. p. 395.
- Historic England. "Rudston Mnolith (79482)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Historic England. "Monolith approximately 7 Metres North of Church of All Saints, Rudston (1083402)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- England, Historic. "South Side Mount round barrow, 350m north west of Woldgate reservoir, Rudston - 1005232 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
- Historic England. "Rudston Cursus A (79500)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Historic England. "Rudston Cursus B (1036040)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Historic England. "Rudston Cursus C (1036047)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Historic England. "Rudston Cursus D (1036049)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- "Rudston Charioteer Mosaic". A History of the World. BBC. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "Roman Villa, Rudston, East Yorkshire". Roman-Britain.org. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Smith, David (2005). Roman Mosaics at Hull. pp. 9ff. ISBN 0904490 34 3.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1162387)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1975) . The Buildings of England. Yorkshire: York and the East Riding. Pevsner Architectural Guides (reprint). Penguin. p. 332. ISBN 0140710434.
- "Winifred Holtby". Find a Grave. 22 May 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- "Rudston Heritage Centre". Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- Historic England. "Thorpe Hall (1346645)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 10.
Media related to Rudston at Wikimedia Commons