|United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights|
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Richard S. Williamson|
|Succeeded by||Eileen Donahoe|
|United States Senator|
December 30, 1978 – January 3, 1991
|Preceded by||Wendell Anderson|
|Succeeded by||Paul Wellstone|
Rudolph Ely Boschwitz
November 7, 1930
Berlin, Weimar Germany
|Alma mater||New York University (BS, JD)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1954–1955|
Rudolph Ely Boschwitz (born November 7, 1930) is an American politician and former Independent-Republican United States Senator from Minnesota. He served in the Senate from December 1978 to January 1991, in the 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, and 101st congresses. In 1990 he was defeated by Paul Wellstone.
Early life and education
Boschwitz was born November 7, 1930 in Berlin, Weimar Germany, the son of Lucy (née Dawidowicz) and Eli Boschwitz. In 1933, when he was three years old, his Jewish family fled from Nazi Germany to the United States, settling in New Rochelle, New York, where he grew up. A graduate of The Pennington School, he attended Johns Hopkins University and graduated from the New York University Stern School of Business in 1950 and the New York University School of Law in 1953.
He was admitted to the New York State bar in 1954 and the Wisconsin bar in 1959. He served in the United States Army Signal Corps in 1954–55.[which?] He was the founder and chairman of a plywood and home improvement retailer, Plywood Minnesota, which later became Home Valu Interiors.
Boschwitz was elected as an Independent-Republican to the United States Senate in November 1978 and was subsequently appointed on December 30, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Wendell Anderson, who was appointed to fill the seat after Walter Mondale was elected Vice President two years earlier. Boschwitz was well known in Minnesota for operating a "flavored milk" booth at the Minnesota State Fair.
Boschwitz voted in favor of the bill establishing Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a federal holiday and the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 (as well as to override President Reagan's veto). Boschwitz voted in favor of the nomination of Robert Bork to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Boschwitz is known for one of the more interesting campaign buttons in Minnesota politics; the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party alleged that Boschwitz's donors were "fat cats," so Boschwitz's campaign created a "skinny cat" campaign button to be worn by those who had donated less than $100 to his campaign.
After his defeat in 1990 by Paul Wellstone, Boschwitz ran against Wellstone again in 1996 but lost.
In 1991 he traveled to Ethiopia as the emissary of President George H. W. Bush. The negotiations Boschwitz led in Ethiopia resulted in Operation Solomon. Over 14,000 Jewish people were airlifted from Ethiopia to Israel. Operation Solomon took twice as many Beta Israel émigrés to Israel as Operation Moses and Operation Joshua combined.
In 2005, Bush named Boschwitz as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which met at the U.N. in Geneva, Switzerland.
- 1978 Race for U.S. Senate
- Rudy Boschwitz (R), 57%
- Wendell Anderson (DFL) (inc.), 40%
- 1984 Race for U.S. Senate
- Rudy Boschwitz (R) (inc.), 58%
- Joan Anderson Growe (DFL), 41%
- 1990 Race for U.S. Senate
- Paul Wellstone (DFL), 50%
- Rudy Boschwitz (R) (inc.), 48%
- 1996 Race for U.S. Senate
- List of Jewish members of the United States Congress
- List of United States senators born outside the United States
- "BOSCHWITZ, Rudolph Eli (Rudy) (1930-)". bioguideretro.com. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "Boschwitz, Rudolph Eli - Dictionary definition of Boschwitz, Rudolph Eli - Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "水草域名网www.871518.com过期域名抢注-域名注册-域名交易一站式服务-致力于打造域名注册交易网全方位域名一站式服务平台。". www.871518.com. Archived from the original on November 10, 2006.
- "Boschwitz gets reprieve; will have milk at fair". postbulletin.com. Post-Bulletin Company, LLC. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- "TO PASS H.R. 3706. (MOTION PASSED) SEE NOTE(S) 19. -- Senate Vote #293 -- Oct 19, 1983". GovTrack.us.
- "TO PASS S 557, CIVIL RIGHTS RESTORATION ACT, A BILL ... -- Senate Vote #432 -- Jan 28, 1988". GovTrack.us.
- "TO ADOPT, OVER THE PRESIDENT'S VETO OF S 557, CIVIL ... -- Senate Vote #487 -- Mar 22, 1988". GovTrack.us.
- Museum, Hennepin History (27 February 2016). "The Skinny Cats of Minnesota Politics". Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "New Ethiopian Regime Will Allow Remaining Jews to Leave, Says Envoy". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 5 June 1991. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- Rozen-Wheeler, Adam (22 July 2017). "Operations Moses, Joshua, and Solomon (1984-1991) •". blackpast.org. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "TPJ.org". Archived from the original on October 4, 2007.
- Scheck, Tom. "McCain's Minnesota bundlers". mprnews.org. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- Rudy Boschwitz: An Inventory of His Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society
- Appearances on C-SPAN