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|United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights|
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Richard S. Williamson|
|Succeeded by||Eileen Donahoe|
|United States Senator|
December 30, 1978 – January 3, 1991
|Preceded by||Wendell Anderson|
|Succeeded by||Paul Wellstone|
Rudolph Ely Boschwitz
November 7, 1930
Berlin, Weimar Republic (present-day Berlin, Germany)
|Alma mater||New York University (B.S., J.D.)|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1954–1955|
Rudolph Ely Boschwitz (born November 7, 1930) is a Weimar Republic-born American politician and former Independent-Republican United States Senator from Minnesota. He served in the Senate from December 1978 to January 1991, in the 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, and 101st congresses. In 1990 he was defeated by Paul Wellstone.
Life and career
Boschwitz was born November 7, 1930 in Berlin, Weimar Republic (present-day Berlin, Germany, the son of Lucy (née Dawidowicz) and Eli Boschwitz. In 1933, when he was three years old, his Jewish family fled from Nazi Germany to the United States, settling in New Rochelle, New York, where he grew up. A graduate of The Pennington School, he attended Johns Hopkins University and graduated from the New York University Stern School of Business in 1950 and the New York University School of Law in 1953.
He was admitted to the New York State bar in 1954 and the Wisconsin bar in 1959. He served in the United States Army Signal Corps in 1954–55. He was the founder and chairman of a plywood and home improvement retailer, Plywood Minnesota, which later became Home Valu Interiors.
Boschwitz was elected as an Independent-Republican to the United States Senate in November 1978 and was subsequently appointed on December 30, 1978, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Wendell Anderson, who was appointed to fill the seat after Walter Mondale was elected Vice President two years earlier. Boschwitz was well known in Minnesota for operating a "flavored milk" booth at the Minnesota State Fair.
Boschwitz is known for one of the more interesting campaign buttons in Minnesota politics; the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party alleged that Boschwitz's donors were "fat cats," so Boschwitz's campaign created a "skinny cat" campaign button to be worn by those who had donated less than $100 to his campaign
After his defeat in 1990 by Paul Wellstone, Boschwitz ran against Wellstone again in 1996 but lost.
In 1991 he traveled to Ethiopia as the emissary of President George H. W. Bush. The negotiations Boschwitz led in Ethiopia resulted in Operation Solomon. 14,325 Jewish people were airlifted from Ethiopia to Israel. Operation Solomon took twice as many Beta Israel émigrés to Israel as Operation Moses and Operation Joshua combined.
In 2005, Bush named Boschwitz as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, which met at the U.N. in Geneva, Switzerland.
- 1978 Race for U.S. Senate
- Rudy Boschwitz (R), 57%
- Wendell Anderson (DFL) (inc.), 40%
- 1984 Race for U.S. Senate
- Rudy Boschwitz (R) (inc.), 58%
- Joan Anderson Growe (DFL), 41%
- 1990 Race for U.S. Senate
- Paul Wellstone (DFL), 50%
- Rudy Boschwitz (R) (inc.), 48%
- 1996 Race for U.S. Senate
- List of Jewish members of the United States Congress
- List of United States Senators born outside the United States
- "Boschwitz, Rudolph Eli - Dictionary definition of Boschwitz, Rudolph Eli - Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". Retrieved 5 December 2016.
-  Archived November 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Museum, Hennepin History (27 February 2016). "The Skinny Cats of Minnesota Politics". Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- TPJ.org Archived 2007-10-04 at the Wayback Machine.
- Rudy Boschwitz: An Inventory of His Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Minnesota
Served alongside: David Durenberger
|Party political offices|
| Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee