Rudy Perpich

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Rudy Perpich
Rudy Perpich 1978.jpg
34th & 36th Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 3, 1983 – January 7, 1991
Lieutenant Marlene Johnson
Preceded by Al Quie
Succeeded by Arne Carlson
In office
December 29, 1976 – January 4, 1979
Lieutenant Alec G. Olson
Preceded by Wendell Anderson
Succeeded by Al Quie
39th Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 4, 1971 – December 29, 1976
Governor Wendell R. Anderson
Preceded by James B. Goetz
Succeeded by Alec G. Olson
Member of the Minnesota Senate
from the 63rd district
In office
January 8, 1963 – January 4, 1971
Preceded by Elmer Peter Peterson
Succeeded by George Perpich
Personal details
Born Rudolph George Prpić
(1928-06-27)June 27, 1928
Carson Lake, Minnesota
Died September 21, 1995(1995-09-21) (aged 67)
Minnetonka, Minnesota
Political party Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party
Spouse(s) Delores "Lola" Perpich
Profession Dentist
Religion Roman Catholicism

Rudolph George "Rudy" Perpich, Sr. (June 27, 1928 – September 21, 1995) was an American politician and the longest-serving governor of Minnesota. A member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, he served as the 34th and 36th Governor of Minnesota from December 29, 1976, to January 4, 1979, and from January 3, 1983, to January 7, 1991. He was also the state's only Roman Catholic governor and the only one to serve non-consecutive terms. Before entering politics, he was a dentist.

Early life and education[edit]

Rudolph George Prpić was born in Carson Lake, Minnesota, which is now part of Hibbing. His father, Anton Prpić, was a miner who had immigrated from Croatia to Minnesota's Mesabi Iron Range, and his mother was an American of Croatian descent. Perpich did not learn to speak English until at least the first grade of elementary school. At 14, he began working for the Great Northern Railway.[1] He graduated from Hibbing High School in 1946 and served two years in the United States Army. He then attended Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and graduated from Marquette University Dental School in 1954, whereupon he returned to Hibbing to practice dentistry.

Entry into politics[edit]

Perpich first entered politics by serving on the Hibbing school board in 1955-56. The board gained notability for instituting equal pay for male and female workers. In 1962, he was elected to the Minnesota Senate, representing the old 63rd District, which included portions of Saint Louis County in the northeastern part of the state. He was reelected in 1966.

In 1970, Perpich was elected the 39th lieutenant governor of Minnesota. He was reelected in 1974 on a ticket with Governor Wendell Anderson. (Before 1974, the governor and lieutenant governor were elected separately.) He became governor when Anderson resigned in 1976 to take the United States Senate seat vacated by Walter Mondale, who had been elected Vice President of the United States. Perpich was the first Iron Range resident to hold the office.

Gubernatorial campaigns[edit]

Nearly the entire DFL Party ticket was defeated in 1978, including Perpich and the candidates for both U.S. Senate seats. Anderson's arrangement to have himself appointed to the Senate and Perpich's role in that appointment were deemed major factors in those defeats.

Perpich worked at Control Data Corporation in New York and Austria for several years. In 1982, he challenged the DFL Party's endorsed candidate for governor, Warren Spannaus, in the primary election, and won. He then defeated Independent-Republican nominee Wheelock Whitney in the general election. Perpich served as the Chairman of the Midwestern Governors Association in 1984.

Perpich was reelected in 1986, but lost to Arne Carlson in 1990, a bizarre campaign in which Carlson replaced the Independent-Republican Party's candidate Jon Grunseth, who had beaten Carlson in the primary. (After Carlson's surprise primary defeat, a bipartisan, grassroots group, Minnesotans for the WRITE Choice, launched a noisy, media-intensive campaign urging Carlson to re-challenge Grunseth.) Grunseth was forced to withdraw amid allegations of a sex scandal just two weeks before the election.

Colorful behavior and international goals[edit]

Perpich had a reputation for colorful behavior. At one point while governor, he donated his $25,000 pay raise to help promote bocce.[2] He also pitched an idea for a chopstick factory to be built in northern Minnesota, and proposed selling the governor's mansion in Saint Paul as a cost-saving measure.

Newsweek brought Perpich national attention by bestowing on him the nickname "Governor Goofy," crystallizing the combination of affection and resentment his habits elicited.[3] During his last years in office, commentators wondered whether he would shoot to stardom as a presidential hopeful or, as governor, sour Minnesota voters on the DFL party with questionable public relations. But Perpich's activist vision of the governor's role was later cited as an important contribution to the Minnesota economy, even by such unlikely admirers as his 1990 rival and successor Arne Carlson, who said in 2005 that Perpich "was the first person that I was aware of to focus on the international role that states are going to have to play."

Perpich's legacy of projects in Minnesota include the Minnesota World Trade Center in Saint Paul, the Perpich Center for Arts Education in Golden Valley, the Center for Victims of Torture in Minneapolis, the University of Minnesota Duluth Natural Resources Research Institute, and the Mall of America in Bloomington. Additionally, he worked to promote Minnesota on the international stage by traveling to 17 countries in 1984, and bringing the foreign leaders Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union and Dr. Franjo Tuđman of Croatia to the state in 1990.

Perpich opposed the Reagan proxy war against Nicaragua in the 1980s and was one of several governors who objected to sending their National Guard units to train in U.S. bases in Honduras, where the U.S.-backed Contras were based. The Contras carried out atrocities in Nicaragua to topple the leftist government there.[4][5] Perpich was the plaintiff in the 1990 U.S. Supreme Court case Perpich v. Department of Defense, which established that the U.S. Department of Defense could send state National Guard units overseas over the governor's objection.

Post-political life[edit]

After leaving office in 1991, Perpich went to Zagreb, Croatia, to assist its post-communist government. In 1992 he moved to Paris, France, for a business consulting position, but he returned to Minnesota in 1993. In 1995, at the age of 67, Perpich died of colon cancer in the Minneapolis suburb of Minnetonka. He is buried in Lakewood Cemetery in Minneapolis.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilman, Rhonda R. (1989). The Story of Minnesota's Past. Saint Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 42. ISBN 0-87351-267-7. 
  2. ^ 1978-04-26. Kinney requests bocce balls. Duluth News Tribune, 5B
  3. ^ Newsweek – June 17, 1990: "Bad Manners In Minnesota"
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
James B. Goetz
Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota
1971–1976
Succeeded by
Alec G. Olson
Preceded by
Wendell Anderson
Governor of Minnesota
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Al Quie
Preceded by
Al Quie
Governor of Minnesota
1983–1991
Succeeded by
Arne Carlson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wendell Anderson
Endorsed Gubernatorial Candidate,
Minnesota DFL State Convention

1978
Succeeded by
Warren Spannaus
DFL nominee for Governor of Minnesota
1978, 1982, 1986, 1990
Succeeded by
John Marty
Preceded by
Warren Spannaus
Endorsed Gubernatorial Candidate,
Minnesota DFL State Convention

1986,1990