|Birth name||Rudolph Toombs|
Monroe, Louisiana, United States
|Died||November 28, 1962 (aged 47–48)
|Genres||Jump blues, rhythm and blues, blues|
|Associated acts||The Clovers
Rudolph "Rudy" Toombs (1914 – November 28, 1962) was an American songwriter. He wrote "Teardrops from My Eyes", Ruth Brown's first number one R&B song, and other hit songs for her, including "5-10-15 Hours". He also wrote "One Mint Julep" for The Clovers.
Toombs was born in Monroe, Louisiana. He began as a vaudeville-style song-and-dance man and later became a productive lyricist and composer of doo-wop songs and rhythm-and-blues standards in the 1950s and 1960s. Some of work was done at Atlantic Records, writing and arranging songs for Ahmet Ertegun. Toombs was murdered by robbers in the hallway of his apartment house in Harlem in 1962.
Ruth Brown credited Toombs as a major reason for her success. She describes him as joyful, exuberant man, so full of life that he passed that ebullience on to her. He taught her how to take a moody blues ballad and make it into a bouncy jump blues.
Some of Toombs best known songs are listed below.
- "Teardrops from My Eyes", a hit for Ruth Brown
- "One Mint Julep", sung by the Clovers (number 1 R&B in 1951) covered in an instrumental version by Ray Charles (R&B number 1, Billboard Hot 100 number 8 in 1961)
- "5-10-15 Hours", sung by Ruth Brown (number 1 R&B in 1951)
- "One Bourbon, One Scotch, One Beer", written for Amos Milburn and covered by John Lee Hooker, Jimmy Witherspoon (1963), George Thorogood and the Destroyers, and in the television series Glee among others
- "Thinking and Drinking"
- "Gum Drop", a hit for the Crew-Cuts in 1955
- "I'm Shakin'", a hit for Little Willie John in 1960, covered by the Blasters in 1981, Long John Baldry in 1996, Jack White in 2012, and Willy Moon in 2013
- "That's Your Mistake", performed by Otis Williams in 1955, covered by the Crew Cuts
- "Lonesome Whistle Blues", covered by Freddie King in 1961 and by Chicken Shack in 1968
- "I Cried and Cried"
- "I Get a Thrill"
- "It Hurts to Be in Love", co-written with Julius Dixson for Annie Laurie (1957)
His songs (apart from those recordings listed above) have been sung by the following artists:
- Amos Milburn
- Hank Ballard
- Freddy King
- Ella Mae Morse
- Otis Williams and the Charms
- The Orioles
- James Brown
- Big Joe Turner
- Louis Jordan
- Pat Boone
- Wynonie Harris
- Hank Snow
- Johnny "Guitar" Watson
- Betty Everett
- Frankie Laine
- The Five Keys
- Albert King
- Bill Haley & His Comets
- The Blasters
- Jack White
- Dawson Jim; Propes, Steve (1992). What Was the First Rock 'n' Roll Record. Boston & London: Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-12939-3.
- "Biography for Rudy Toombs". IMDb. Retrieved 2006-11-01.
- Shaw, Arnold (1978). Honkers and Shouters: The Golden Years of Rhythm & Blues. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-061740-2.
- "It Hurts to Be in Love – Annie Laurie: Listen, Appearances, Song Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
- "Rudy Toombs". AllMusic. Retrieved 2007-11-25.