Rueda DO

Coordinates: 41°24′51″N 4°57′26″W / 41.4141296°N 4.9571038°W / 41.4141296; -4.9571038
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Rueda DOP
Wine region
Rueda DOP in the provinces of Valladolid, Segovia and Ávila in the region of Castile and León
Official nameD.O. Rueda
TypeDenominación de Origen Protegida (DOP)
Year established1980
Size of planted vineyards16,164.92 hectares (39,944 acres)[1]
No. of wineries68[2]
Wine produced678,889 hectolitres (14,933,500 imp gal; 17,934,400 US gal)
CommentsData for 2016 / 2017

Rueda is a Spanish Denominación de Origen Protegida (DOP) for wines located in the Community of Castile and León. It comprises 72 municipalities, of which 53 are in the province of Valladolid, 17 are in the north of the province of Segovia, and 2 are in the north of the province of Ávila.[3] It is one of Spain's leading wine regions, and is known primarily for its white wines based on the Verdejo grape.


A Verdejo from Rueda

The first documentary evidence of wine production in this area dates from the 11th century, when King Alfonso VI offered title to lands to settlers in the recently reconquered area. Many individuals and monastic orders accepted the offer and founded monasteries with their own vineyards.[4]

During the 18th century the land planted to vines was greater in extent than it is now and was exclusively under the Verdejo grape variety. The wines produced enjoyed great commercial success in part due to the clarification process used which involved the use of local clay.

In the years between 1890 and 1922 the phylloxera louse destroyed over two thirds of the vines, which were replanted by grafting onto louse resistant New World rootstock. However, the new varieties were selected according to productivity criteria rather than quality ones and for many years the wine produced was sold in bulk.

In this context, the local Verdejo variety almost became extinct. Had it not been for the local winegrower Ángel Rodríguez Vidal (Bodega Martinsancho), who adopted this variety and contributed to re-establishing its prominence in the region. In recognition of his work, he was honoured with the Cross of the Order of Agricultural Merit by King Juan Carlos I of Spain.

The idea of creating a DO was first raised in 1935, but it was not until 1972 that major investment by the Rioja winery, Marqués de Riscal, signalled the start of a second era of quality wine production, again based on the Verdejo variety. Official DO status was acquired in 1980.


The DO encompasses an area of 16,165 hectares (39,940 acres)[1] and is centered around the town of Rueda, in the province of Valladolid about 170 kilometres (110 mi) northwest of Madrid. The land is a flat high plain at an altitude of between 600 metres (2,000 ft) and 780 metres (2,560 ft) above sea level. The Duero River flows through the area from east to west.[citation needed]


The climate is continental (long hot summers, cold winters) with certain Atlantic maritime influences. Temperatures vary widely and can drop to −1 °C (30 °F) in winter and can reach 30 °C (86 °F) in summer, which is not as high as similar wine-producing regions in Southern Central Spain. There is a risk of frost, freezing fog, high winds and hailstones in winter and spring. On the other hand, there is only a very small possibility of drought.

Normally it rains in spring and autumn, with an average rainfall of 400 millimetres (16 in) per year, while the vines receive 2,700 hours of sunlight per year.


Close to the River Duero the soils are alluvial with a high lime content (max 24%). To the south the topsoil is brown and sandy with a gravel and clay subsoil. Drainage is good, has a rich iron content and is easy to plough.

Grape varieties[edit]

The authorized yield for white varieties is 8,000 kilograms per hectare (7,100 lb/acre) (10,000 kilograms per hectare (8,900 lb/acre) if on trellises) though in practice the yields are only between one quarter and one half of this level. Most new vineyards are planted with rows at 3 metres (9.8 ft) intervals, to allow mechanization. Irrigation is only allowed under special circumstances. Vines are often trained close to the ground to resist the strong winds that are characteristic of the area.

Wine classification[edit]

Wine cellar in Valladolid

Under the DO, white, rosé and red wines can be produced.[6]

  • Rueda: white wines made of at least 50% of the principal grape varieties that are produced in the region (Verdejo and Sauvignon Blanc).
  • Vino de Pueblo: wines that can indicate the village or town where the grapes are produced and when the percentage of grapes from that place is more than 85%.
  • Gran Vino de Rueda: grapes coming from vineyards with more than 30 years, with low yields (<6,500 kg/Ha) and a transformation ratio of 65%. This category is the most prestigious.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "La DO Rueda amplía un 12,3% más de viñedo y supera las 16.000 hectáreas". Diario de Valladolid (in Spanish). 3 September 2018.
  2. ^ "D.O. Rueda". Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Denominación de Origen Rueda", webpage of Consejo Regulador Denominación de Origen Rueda. Retrieved March 7, 2008.
  4. ^ "History of Rueda wines - Bodegas Rippa Dorii - Vinos de D.O. Ribera de Duero - Vinos de D.O. Rueda". 1980-01-12. Retrieved 2023-04-27.
  5. ^ "Variedades de uva". Vinos D.O. Rueda (in Spanish).
  6. ^ "Rueda Wines". Vinos D.O. Rueda. Retrieved 2023-03-23.
  7. ^ Rueda, C. R. D. O. (2021-05-07). "EL GRAN VINO DE RUEDA: LA APUESTA DE LA D.O. RUEDA PARA 2021". Vinos D.O. Rueda (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2023-03-23.

External links[edit]

41°24′51″N 4°57′26″W / 41.4141296°N 4.9571038°W / 41.4141296; -4.9571038