Rufous-throated antbird

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Rufous-throated antbird
Antbird.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Gymnopithys
Species: G. rufigula
Binomial name
Gymnopithys rufigula
(Boddaert, 1783)

The rufous-throated antbird (Gymnopithys rufigula) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The French polymath Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon described the rufous-throated antbird in his Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux in 1775.[2] The bird was also illustrated in a hand-coloured plate engraved by François-Nicolas Martinet in the Planches Enluminées D'Histoire Naturelle which was produced under the supervision of Edme-Louis Daubenton to accompany Buffon's text.[3] Buffon did not include a scientific name with his description but in 1783 the Dutch naturalist Pieter Boddaert coined the binomial name Turdus rufigula in his catalogue of the Planche Enluminées.[4] The specific name combines the Latin words rufus "red" and gula "throat".[5] The present genus Gymnopithys was introduced by the French ornithologist Charles Lucien Bonaparte in 1857 with the rufous-throated antbird as the type species.[6]

There are three subspecies:[7]

  • G. r. pallidus (Cherrie, 1909) – south Venezuela
  • G. r. pallidigula Phelps & Phelps Jr, 1947 – tepuis of extreme southwest Venezuela
  • G. r. rufigula (Boddaert, 1783) – east Venezuela, the Guianas and northeast Brazil

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Gymnopithys rufigula". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de (1775). "Le Merle Roux de Cayenne". Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux (in French). Volume 6. Paris: De L'Imprimerie Royale. pp. 105–106. 
  3. ^ Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de; Martinet, François-Nicolas; Daubenton, Edme-Louis; Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie (1765–1783). "Petit merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne". Planches Enluminées D'Histoire Naturelle. Volume 7. Paris: De L'Imprimerie Royale. Plate 644 fig. 2. 
  4. ^ Boddaert, Pieter (1783). Table des Planches Enluminéez d'Histoire Naturelle, de M. d'Aubenton. Avec les denominations de M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham, precédé d'une Notice des Principaux Ouvrages Zoologiques enluminées. Utrecht: Boddaert. p. 39, Plate 644 fig. 2. 
  5. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 342. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4. 
  6. ^ Bonaparte, Charles Lucien (1857). "Catalogue des oiseaux recuellis a Cayenne". Bulletin de la Société linnéenne de Normandie (in French). 2: 29–40 [35]. 
  7. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 March 2018. 

Further reading[edit]