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Rugal Bernstein

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Rugal Bernstein
The King of Fighters, SNK Vs. Capcom character
Rugal cvsnk2.png
Profile image of Rugal Bernstein in Capcom vs. SNK 2, illustrated by Kinu Nishimura.
First gameThe King of Fighters '94 (1994)
Portrayed byRay Park (2010 film)
Voiced byToshimitsu Arai (KOF '94-98, Capcom vs. SNK series, KOF 2002: Unlimited Match, KOF Sky Stage, Neo Geo Heroes: Ultimate Shooting, Metal Slug Defense)[1]
Norio Wakamoto (KOF 2002)
Banjō Ginga (Dengeki Bunko Drama CD)
Tsuguo Mogami (KOF: Destiny)
Fighting styleHybrid martial arts (mastered numerous martial art styles)

Rugal Bernstein (ルガール・バーンシュタイン, Rugāru Bānshutain) is a video game character created by SNK. First introduced in The King of Fighters '94, he is a recurring boss in The King of Fighters fighting game series. As the host of the tournaments from The King of Fighters '94 and '95, Rugal plans to turn all the competitors from the tournament into stone statues as part of his collection. Despite his death in '95, Rugal is still featured in following The King of Fighters titles which do not contain a storyline (nicknamed "Dream Matches"). He has also been featured in the SNK Vs. Capcom as a boss character.

His character has also appeared in other media related to The King of Fighters franchise, including comic adaptations and The King of Fighters live-action film, and portrayed by British martial arts actor Ray Park. As the first boss character from The King of Fighters, the SNK staff created him to be one of the most difficult characters to defeat. His Omega Rugal form from '95 has been noted by the staff to be their favorite boss to the point they added him in the Dream Match titles. Publications for video games and other media have provided praise and criticism for Rugal's character.

Conception and design[edit]

The concept for making Rugal in The King of Fighters '94 was to make "the mightiest (most violent) and most evil boss character ever". Despite the difficulties in defeating him, Rugal has become the boss character with the biggest number of appearances in The King of Fighters series as he has been liked by players and developers. Due to his multiple "deaths" in the series, developers have joked with him, adding to his official profile that his hobby is resurrection.[2] Flagship director, Toyohisa Tanabe, states that his fighting style was created to emphasize Rugal's strength as the series' first boss character. He also comments "going a bit overboard" with his Genocide Cutter technique damage ratio in The King of Fighters '94.[3] His Dead-End Screamer special move was originally a technique in which Rugal breaks the neck of his opponent and crushes it. However, it was seen as lacking drama, so it evolved into a move in which he breaks his victim's neck, crushes the victim, and then further spins the victim around to do more damage, striking a pose at the end of the move.[2] In The King of Fighters '95, Rugal appears as an enhanced version named Omega Rugal; developers liked him so much that they added him as the boss character in dream matches (KOF games with no storyline), commenting "He's the only character who truly represents the ultimate KOF boss". His The King of Fighters '98 move set was noted to be strongest of all his appearances, becoming the developers' favorite boss character.[4]

Rugal is 1.97 m (6 ft 6 in) tall, and weighs 103 kilograms (227 lb).[2] In his first appearance in King of Fighters '94, Rugal is shown wearing red formal clothes and with his right eye covered, having lost it in a previous confrontation. After his initial defeat, Rugal appears in a battle outfit composed of a sleeveless green shirt, but still keep his red pants. In King of Fighters '95 Rugal keeps his formal clothes but when he becomes Omega Rugal, they are destroyed. His body is much bigger in this form, his skin becomes darker while his hair appears gray. From his right eye it appears a red light, and is shown using a prosthetic in his right hand's place. In following games from the series, Rugal's Omega form appears wearing his battle suit from King of Fighters '94.[5][6] In the SNK Vs. Capcom video games, he is featured in his formal clothes in both his common and god form.[7] Original drafts from Rugal showed his character using black glasses and having several wires connected from his chest to his hands. His Omega form appearance had chains along his trousers and tattoos on his chest, one of which being a tiger.[8]


In video games[edit]

Voiced by Toshimitsu Arai in most titles,[1] Rugal makes his first appearance as the boss character from King of Fighters '94. The plot from the game introduces Rugal as an incredibly rich arms and drugs trafficker who organizes a King of Fighters tournament to reunite the strongest fighters from all the world. Once the player meets Rugal, he will reveal that he wants to turn his victims into stone statues to add them to his collection of fighters. Once defeated by Kyo Kusanagi and his teammates, Rugal self-destructs his ship to kill his opponents, but fails.[9] In The King of Fighters '95, Rugal organizes a new King of Fighters tournament to take revenge on Kyo. To this end, Rugal brainwashes Kyo's father, Saisyu, to kill him. After Saisyu is knocked unconscious, Rugal proceeds to fight as the boss character, in an enhanced form named Omega Rugal (オメガ・ルガール, Omega Rugāru). However, once defeated, he is unable to control his new powers and his body is destroyed.[10][11] Although Rugal is not featured in The King of Fighters '96, the new tournament organizer mentions that the man responsible for taking Rugal's right eye and giving him greater power is the game's antagonist, Goenitz.[12]

Since appearing in King of Fighters '95, Omega Rugal has appeared in later SNK-produced titles, serving as the final boss for both The King of Fighters '98 and The King of Fighters 2002, destroying his ship in the former and disintegrating in the latter when defeated.[13][14] Omega Rugal also appears as a boss character in several other King of Fighters titles, including The King of Fighters 2002: Unlimited Match and The King of Fighters: Neowave, with different criteria for the character to appear in each.[15][16][17] In The King of Fighters 2000, Rugal appears as a non-playable assistant character (dubbed a "striker") to Kula Diamond.[18] Arai reprises his role as the character's voice actor in each appearance, with the exception of the original King of Fighters 2002 in which the character is voiced by Norio Wakamoto, who voices Igniz from King of Fighters 2001.[19] In The King of Fighters XIV, it is revealed in one of Verse's win quotes and some of the endings that Rugal is a part of the game's final boss, Verse. After Verse's defeat, Rugal is one of the many souls released from him, causing him to come back to life.

In Capcom vs. SNK 2, in addition to his normal form Rugal appears as a new, enhanced version of himself named God Rugal (ゴッド・ルガール, Goddo Rugāru), serving as an optional final boss. Renamed "Ultimate Rugal" in English localizations, the character is the result of Rugal defeating Street Fighter character Akuma and absorbing his powers.[20] This version of Rugal later appears as a card in SNK vs. Capcom: Card Fighters 2 Expand Edition.[21]

In other media[edit]

Aside from the main series, Rugal has also appeared in other media from the King of Fighters series. Rugal appears in the first chapter from the spin-off manga The King of Fighters: Kyo, showing his fight against Kyo Kusanagi from King of Fighters '95.[22] In 1995, the character was voiced by Banjō Ginga in the Dengeki Bunko-produced CD drama The King of Fighters - King of Fighters '94, a retelling of the story from the video games.[23] In the manhua The King of Fighters: Zillion, one of the stories is based on King of Fighters 2002, in which Rugal confronts another lead character from the series, K'.[24]

In the 2010 live-action film adaptation of The King of Fighters, Rugal is played by veteran actor Ray Park.[25]


Critical reception to Rugal's character has been positive. Japanese magazine Gamest ranked Rugal 48th on their list of the top 50 video game characters introduced in 1994, sharing the spot with Chang Koehan.[26] Video games publications have commented on Rugal's character, adding praise and criticism. Retro Gamer praised the character, stating he "rocks hard...harder than Street Fighter's M. Bison".[27] GameAxis Unwired compared Rugal with Street Fighter's Akuma in regards to their significances to their respective developers, with Rugal called the "cheapest [boss] in SNK's games."[28] praised the introduction of Omega Rugal in KOF '95, noting him to be "one of the most stylish boss designs in fighting history", although players could hate him due to how difficult it is to defeat him. However, they mentioned that one of the good points from KOF '96 was the absence of Rugal.[29] Eurogamer reviewer Matt Edwards also commented that Rugal was very hard to defeat and that he started "a trend in the KOF series of notoriously overpowered bosses who are hard to take down".[30] IGN's Jeremy Dunhan praised Rugal, describing how his character developed the new rules for the King of Fighters tournament,[31] and noted the difficulty in defeating Rugal himself.[32] Listing him as one of the "12 unfair fighting game bosses that (almost) made us rage quit", GamesRadar claimed that Rugal's difficult as a boss led gamers to coin the term "SNK Boss syndrome."[33] In retrospective, Gaming Age writer Jeff Keely found Rugal and Orochi as difficult bosses but not as difficult as Krizalid from The King of Fighters '99.[34] Den of Geek listed Rugal's upgraded form from Capcom vs. SNK 2 as the best altered character due to how it takes Akuma's special moves as well as other traits.[35] The same site also listed him as the sixth best character from the KOF complimenting him as a good villain based on his traits.[36] Den of Geek also liked Rugal's interaction with Street Fighter character Guile as one of the best crossovers in the company alongside Rugal's battle with Akuma.[37] Complex listed him as one of the most challenging bosses in gaming, citing how overpowered were some of his moves most notably his "Genocide Cutter".[38] Despite criticizing most of the live-action movie based on the series, Derek Elley from Film Biz found Rugal's role enjoyable.[39]


  1. ^ a b SNK. The King of Fighters '94. Neo Geo. SNK. Level/area: Credits.
  2. ^ a b c "Rugal Bernstein Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
  3. ^ Akihiko Ureshino, ed. (September 20, 2005). The King of Fighters Perfect Reader (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications, Inc. ISBN 4-8222-1711-6.
  4. ^ "Omega Rugal Official Profile". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Retrieved 2009-03-16.
  5. ^ The King of Fighters Fighting Evolution 10th (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. December 2004. p. 80. ISBN 978-4-575-16431-2.
  6. ^ The King of Fighters Fighting Evolution 10th (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. December 2004. p. 84. ISBN 978-4-575-16431-2.
  7. ^ "SNK Fighters". Capcom. Archived from the original on 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
  8. ^ The King of Fighters Perfect Art Collection '94-'97 (in Japanese). Gamest. 1998. p. 203. ISBN 978-4-88199-459-7.
  9. ^ SNK (1994-08-25). The King of Fighters '94. Neo Geo. SNK. Rugal: I... impossible! How could I lose a battle...!!/Benimaru: We are No. 1! I knew it!/Rugal: Y... yes, indeed... but I haven't really lost yet!! A watery grave awaits you!/Benimaru: Jesus! Let's get away!
  10. ^ SNK (1995-07-25). The King of Fighters '95. Neo Geo. SNK. Saisyu Heh, Kyo. My power wasn't so great after all. Kill him, Kyo. Avenge me...!/Kyo: Rugal, you slime!/Rugal: Heh, heh. The defeated dog barks loudest! Taste my fury! Wooooo...
  11. ^ SNK (1995-07-25). The King of Fighters '95. Neo Geo. SNK. Rugal: Even with my new power, I lost. What? My body...????? No... to meet such a fate! But I'll be back... you jerks!
  12. ^ SNK (1996). The King of Fighters '96. Neo Geo. SNK. Chizuru: You defeated the mighty Rugal. To see your true power, I held this tournament. As I thought, you won. Next I had to test you myself. / Kyo: Why? / Chizuru: Because there's little time left to seal off the Orochi Power. I need your help. I feel him coming! / Kyo: Who? / Chizuru: Kyo Kysanagi, you should know more than anyone. The man who took Rugal's right eye is almost here!!
  13. ^ "The King of Fighters '98". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Archived from the original on 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
  14. ^ "The King of Fighters 2002". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Archived from the original on 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  15. ^ SNK Playmore (2008). The King of Fighters '98: Ultimate Match. PlayStation 2. SNK Playmore. Level/area: Special Battle/Stage.
  16. ^ SNK Playmore (2009). The King of Fighters 2002: Unlimited Match. PlayStation 2. SNK Playmore. Level/area: Final Stage.
  17. ^ "The King of Fighters NeoWave Hints & Cheats". GameSpot. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
  18. ^ "Another Striker" (in Japanese). SNK Playmore. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
  19. ^ SNK. The King of Fighters 2002. Neo Geo. Eolith. Level/area: Credits.
  20. ^ Edwards, John; Omar Kendall; Paul Edwards (2001). Capcom Vs. Snk 2: Mark of the Millennium 2001 Official Fighter's Guide. Brady Publishing. ISBN 0-7440-0097-1.
  21. ^ SNK (2001-09-13). SNK vs. Capcom: Card Fighters 2 Expand Edition. Neo Geo Pocket Color. SNK. Level/area: Card gallery.
  22. ^ Natsumoto, Masato (1996). The King of Fighters Kyo, volume 1. Kodansha. ISBN 978-4-06-319759-4.
  23. ^ SNK (1995). Electric Shock CD Library - The King of Fighters '94 (Media notes). MediaWorks. MWCG-0014.
  24. ^ "Remembrances of KOF: An Interview with Eiji". King of Fighters 10th Anniversary Official Website. Archived from the original on April 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
  25. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (2009-07-11). "King of Fighters Movie Promotional Images". Kotaku. Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  26. ^ Ishii, Zenji; Pigu (January 1995). "第8回 ゲーメスト大賞". Gamest Magazine (136): 40. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
  27. ^ Staff (January 2007). "Fists of Flame". Retro Gamer (35): 65.
  28. ^ "The News That Never Was". GameAxis Unwired. 7: Singapore Press Holdings: 29. April 2005. ISSN 0219-872X.
  29. ^ "History Of... The King of Fighters, SNK's classic team-based 2D fighting series". UGO Networks. Archived from the original on 2015-08-16. Retrieved 2008-08-13.
  30. ^ Edwards, Matt (2008-12-10). "The King of Fighters: The Orochi Saga Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 2008-08-16.
  31. ^ Dunhan, Jeremy (2004-10-06). "Fighter's History: King of Fighters '94, page 1". IGN. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  32. ^ Dunhan, Jeremy (2004-10-06). "Fighter's History: King of Fighters '94, page 2". IGN. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  33. ^ Sullivan, Lucas. "12 unfair fighting game bosses that (almost) made us rage quit". GamesRadar. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  34. ^ Keely, Jeff. "King of Fighters '99- Evolution". Gaming Age. Archived from the original on November 23, 2002. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
  35. ^ "The 20 Best Altered Fighting Game Characters". Den of Geek. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  36. ^ "King of Fighters: Ranking All the Characters". Den of Geek. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  37. ^ "Street Fighter Crossovers: The 25 Best Moments". Den of Geek. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  38. ^ "15 Of The Coolest Boss Battles Ever". Complex. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  39. ^ Keely, Jeff (October 25, 2010). "King of Fighters". Film Biz. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2017.