Rugby union in Asia
Rugby union is a growing sport in Asia, governed by the Asian Rugby Football Union (ARFU). As of December 2009[update] there are 28 ARFU member unions, of whom 15 are full members of the International Rugby Board (IRB), and six further associate members of the IRB in Asia. The flagship tournament for promoting the sport in Asia is the Asian Five Nations, which launched in 2008, and which most recently in 2011 saw the national teams of Hong Kong (national team), Japan (national team), Kazakhstan (national team), Sri Lanka (national team) and the UAE, compete in the main tournament.
The sport in Asia is currently dominated by Japan, the only Asian nation to be represented on the IRB's executive council. The Japanese national team are so far the only Asian team to have competed in the Rugby World Cup, having appeared in all seven tournaments so far. Japan have been announced as the hosts of the 2019 Rugby World Cup, and will be the first Asian hosts of the tournament. Under the Japanese bid, Hong Kong and Singapore will also host matches.
Sixteen Asian teams are full members of the International Rugby Board, though one (Guam) is arguably in Oceania, whilst the Arabian Gulf team [sic] represents five countries; Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The full list is:
There are also six Asian associate members of the IRB:
Like Georgia and Russia, and as in football, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Israel play in Europe, though Kazakhstan does not.
World Cup qualifying
1991 World Cup
The 1991 World Cup was the first to operate a qualification system, the 1987 WC having been invitation-only. In the qualifying stage, Asia was combined with Oceania and given two berths. Only four countries took part; Japan, South Korea, Tonga and Western Samoa (Australia, Fiji and New Zealand were automatic qualifiers). Played as a four-team round-robin, Western Samoa and Japan finished first and second respectively courtesy of Japan's 28-16 win over Tonga, with the Japanese becoming the first Asian team to appear at the World Cup.
1995 World Cup
For the 1995 WC, Asia held its own tournament, with the winner qualifying for the finals. This time eight countries entered (Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Thailand), and were split into two groups, with the winners of each group playing each other for the single qualification berth. The final play-off saw Japan beat South Korea 26-11.
The group stages showed the inequalities in the Asian game; Japan won 103-9 against Malaysia, whilst Hong Kong thrashed Singapore 164-13. The World Cup itself did little to showcase Asian rugby, as Japan lost every game, including a humiliating 145-17 defeat against the All Blacks.
1999 World Cup
For the 1999 WC, Asia was given an extra qualification spot, albeit a repechage one. The same eight countries entered the qualification stages, but to avoid the scorelines witnessed in the previous competition, it was held on a three-stage basis; Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand competing in the first round-robin (with Sri Lanka going through); Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Taiwan in the second round (with Taiwan progressing); and then Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan in the third round. Japan again emerged victorious, with a 134-6 win over Taiwan going some way to regain the pride lost in the finals in South Africa four years earlier. South Korea took part in the repechage, beating Holland 108-45 on aggregate in the first round, before losing 140-41 over two legs to Tonga. Japan once again lost all their games in the World Cup proper.
2003 World Cup
Before Japan and South Korea entered the competition, the other nine teams were split into three round-robin pools, with the winners (China, Hong Kong and Taiwan) then playing another round-robin with the top team (Taiwan) going on to the final pool with Japan and South Korea, which would decide the automatic and repechage qualifying spots. Japan again emerged victorious, beating their previous score against Taiwan in a 155-3 win at home (their largest ever win), followed by a 120-3 scoreline in the away match. South Korea again finished second, also thrashing Taiwan 119-7, and repeated their previous repechage performance, losing 194-0 over two legs to the Tongans.
2007 World Cup
Another new format was tried; this one more complex than previously; The first round, played in 2005, consisted of four "divisions"; 1, 2, 3a and 3b. In the second round, the top two of Division One (2005) and the winner of Division Two (2005) would form Division One (2006), whilst the bottom team of Division One (2005), the second (of three) in Division Two (2005), and the winner of a play-off between the Division 3a (2005) and Division 3b (2005) champions would form Division Two (2006). In the third round, the top two from Division One (2006) and the winner of Division Two (2006) would play a round-robin to decide the final placings.
Hong Kong, Japan and Korea formed Division One (2005), with Hong Kong finishing bottom and replaced by Arabian Gulf, who had won Division Two (2005). Taiwan finished bottom of Division Two, and were replaced by Sri Lanka, winners of the 3a-3b play-off over Kazakhstan. In the second round, Arabian Gulf finished bottom of Division One (2006), and were replaced in the final round by Hong Kong, who won Division Two (2006). In the final group, Japan again emerged victorious, sealing their place at the World Cup with a comprehensive 54-0 defeat of South Korea, who went on to lose to the Tongans for the third successive time, this time 85-3 in a one-off match in Wellington.
- "HSBC Asian Five Nations Rugby Tournament 2010". HSBC Asian Five Nations. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Inaugural Asian Five Nations set for kick off". International Rugby Board. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Japan and HK vie for RWC 2011 place". International Rugby Board. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Japan target two wins at Rugby World Cup". Rugby Week. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "IRB Council". International Rugby Board. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Japan signal intentions to claim Asia 1 spot". Rugby World Cup 2011. International Rugby Board. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "England will host 2015 World Cup". BBC. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
- "RWC 2015 /2019: 15 Main Topics & Venues of the Bid of Japan". Japan Rugby Football Union. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
There are actually 33 Asian Nations that play rugby under the IRB, there is a web site that has information about every one of the 33 Asian rugby playing nations, the clubs, results and general Asian rugby information, the free web site was set up to address the lack of information about rugby in Asia available Rugby in Asia.