Rugby union in Zimbabwe
|Rugby union in Zimbabwe|
|Governing body||Zimbabwe Rugby Union|
Rugby union in Zimbabwe, and its predecessor state Rhodesia, is a significant sport. Like the country's history, it has been riven with controversy, but equally the world has seen Zimbabwe at the Rugby World Cup on two occasions. As with rugby union in Namibia, the country's lack of infrastructure, and largely rural population has been a problem for national organisers.
The Rhodesian Rugby Football Union was founded in 1895.
Zimbabwe was formerly known as Rhodesia, and this name change reflects the complex history of the country.
Not unlike other neighbouring African countries, Zimbabwean rugby has been a legacy of British colonialism. This has created big problems, particularly as it has been dominated by a white settler class, and has not achieved the kind of racial integration that it should have done. Attempts to increase participation amongst the black population continue, with mixed results. The government of Ian Smith encouraged this split, and actions by his successor, Robert Mugabe have helped drive away many of the white people who were the mainstay of the land.
For a number of years, Rhodesia competed as a province in the B division of South Africa's Currie Cup. This relationship with South African rugby was an unhealthy one, as South Africa would frequently take the best players for its Springboks, and even coaches such as Ian McIntosh who coached the South Africa side in 1993.
Because of the boycott of the racist apartheid regime in South Africa, Zimbabwe was the only African side to be invited to the 1987 Rugby World Cup. It managed to requalify for the 1991 Rugby World Cup, but has not been in the tournament subsequently.
Côte d'Ivoire (The Ivory Coast) slipped past them, Namibia, and the third African favourite, Morocco in the qualifiers for the 1995 Rugby World Cup. Côte d'Ivoire went into the World Cup optimistic, with coach Claude Ezoua saying:
- "We want to prove to the world that there is more to African rugby than just South Africa."
Despite Namibia and Zimbabwe having qualified for the RWC at different times, both of these countries were firmly within the South African orbit, had players who spoke English and/or Afrikaans, who were mostly white. Namibia had previously been a colony of South Africa, as South West Africa, and Zimbabwe had provided SA with a number of players such as Ray Mordt. The Côte d'Ivoire was not even in existence when the first (invitation only) Rugby World Cup was played in 1987, and had in fact played their first international in 1990 against Zimbabwe.
Because of the complex racial problems of Zimbabwe/Rhodesia and South Africa, most of the best-known players in the past were white. However, there have been some notable black Zimbabwean players such as Richard Tsimba and his younger brother Kennedy Tsimba, Bedford Chibima, Honeywell Nguruve, Tendai Mtawarira, Brian Mujati, Takudzwa Ngwenya and Tonderai Chavhanga. The Tsimba brothers were inducted together to the IRB Hall of Fame in 2012.
Other notable Zimbabwean/Rhodesian players include:
- Salty du Rand, who played for Northern Transvaal, and captained the Springboks. He was capped 21 times for South Africa between 1949–56. He lived and played in Rhodesia for many years.
- Andy McDonald,
- Ray Mordt, winger, described by Danie Craven as "a wounded rhinoceros in the body of a man". He later went on to play rugby league.
- Adrian Garvey, prop/hooker who played for Natal.
- Geoff Griffin
- Tendai Mtawarira, aka "the Beast", prop, plays for South Africa and the Sharks.
- Brian Mujati, Springboks and Northampton Saints, prop.
- Takudzwa Ngwenya, wing, currently plays for the USA and Biarritz. One of the candidates for the unofficial title of "fastest player in modern rugby"—at least until the 2012 emergence of United States Sevens player Carlin Isles—he moved to the USA at high school age.
- Tonderai Chavhanga, another former candidate for "fastest player in modern rugby", has also played for the Springboks, and is currently with the Stormers at Super Rugby level.
- Craig Evans, better known as a player for the Zimbabwe national cricket team, Evans also plays rugby.
- RA van Schoor.
- Pieter Dixon
- Bobby Skinstad, born in Bulawayo, captain of the Springboks
- Gary Teichmann, born in Gweru, captain of the Springboks
- David Curtis
- David Pocock, back-rower for Australia and Western Force, emigrated with his family from Zimbabwe when he was 14.
- Anthony Henniker-Gotley, former England captain, lived in Rhodesia, and played for police there.
- David Denton, plays flanker/No8 for Scotland.
- Thom Evans, fullback/winger, capped 10 times by Scotland.
Former Australia captain and the sport's most-capped scrum-half with 139 Caps international, George Musarurwa Gregan, was born in Zambia to a Zimbabwean mother and Australian father, and grew up in Canberra.
British Lions tours
The British Lions toured South Africa a number of times. Despite officially being South African tours, the Lions also played Rhodesia (as it was then). Later tours of the region were stopped until the 1990s, due to the controversy over playing Ian Smith's regime, and apartheid era South Africa.
- 1910 British Lions tour to South Africa
- 1924 British Lions tour to South Africa
- 1938 British Lions tour to South Africa
- 1955 British Lions tour to South Africa
- 1968 British Lions tour to South Africa
- 1974 British Lions tour to South Africa
- Zimbabwe Rugby
- Zimbabwe at IRB
- RWC 2007 Fixtures / Results
- Zimbabwe and Rhodesian Rugby jerseys
- Senegal sanctioned for misconduct. Senegal vs Zimbabwe
- (French) Archives du Rugby: Zimbabwe
- Bath, Richard (ed.) The Complete Book of Rugby (Seven Oaks Ltd, 1997 ISBN 1-86200-013-1)
- Cotton, Fran (Ed.) (1984) The Book of Rugby Disasters & Bizarre Records. Compiled by Chris Rhys. London. Century Publishing. ISBN 0-7126-0911-3
- Jones, J.R. Encyclopedia of Rugby Union Football (Robert Hale, London, 1976 ISBN 0-7091-5394-5)
- Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84596-255-5)
- Bath p79
- "THE HISTORY OF ZIMBABWE RUGBY".
- Richards, Chapter 13 Resisting the Inevitable, p 237
- Bath p69
- "Tsimba brothers enter IRB Hall of Fame" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Jones, p109
- "George Gregan – Player Profile". Georgegregan.com. Retrieved 2008-11-13.