Ruger American Rifle

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Ruger American Rifle
Ruger American Rifle
Type Bolt-action rifle
Place of origin United States
Production history
Designed 2011
Manufacturer Sturm, Ruger & Co.
Unit cost $449 MSRP[1]
Produced 2012 - Present
Weight 6.25 lb (2.83 kg)[1]
Length 42.5 in (108 cm)[1]
Barrel length 22 in (56 cm)[1]

Cartridge .17 HMR (9 rd. cap.)
.22 Long Rifle (10 rd. cap.)
.22 WMR/.22 WMRF (9 rd. cap.)
.204 Ruger (Predator model only)
.223 Remington (5 rd. cap.)
5.56mm NATO (Ranch\Predator models only)
.22-250 Remington
.243 Winchester
.270 Winchester
7mm-08 Remington
.30-06 Springfield
.308 Winchester[1]
.300 Blackout (Ranch model only)
6mm Creedmoor (Predator model only)
6.5mm Grendel (Predator model only)
6.5mm Creedmoor
.450 Bushmaster (Ranch model only)
7mm Remington Magnum
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Winchester Magnum
Feed system Rotary magazine
4 round capacity (unless otherwise
noted above)
Sights None - Drilled and tapped for scope. (Weaver style bases supplied)
Redfield Revolution riflescope available for all centerfire models

The Ruger American Rifle is a family of budget-level hunting/sporting bolt action centerfire rifle made by Sturm, Ruger & Co., who also produces a line of rimfire rifles with similar designs called the Ruger American Rimfire.


The Ruger American has a receiver made from 4140 chrome-moly bar stock and a hammer-forged barrel with a blued black oxide finish, mounted onto a black polymer composite stock. Rather than using a traditional recoil lug, the rifle's barreled action is secured in the stock by a bedding system known as "Power Bedding®", which uses two V-shaped aluminium action block that wedges the receiver firmly in place. Because the front and back action screws are fastened through the two action blocks, the blocks also functionally provide a certain degree of pillar bedding and allows the barrel to be free-floated.

The rifle feeds cartridges into the chamber from a proprietary detachable rotary magazine via a push-feed mechanism employing dual cocking cams on the stainless steel bolt, which has three locking lugs allowing for a smaller 70° throw angle of the bolt handle. The trademarked "Ruger Marksman Adjustable™" trigger is a functionally two-stage trigger similar in design to the Savage AccuTrigger, which allows the user to adjust the weight of pull between 3–5 lb (1.4–2.3 kg) by means of a set screw on the trigger housing.[2] The rifle comes with a tang-mounted safety.[3]

Ruger American Rimfire[edit]

The rimfire line of the Ruger American series shares similar features and designs with its centerfire brethren, including the Power Bedding, the Marksman trigger and the tang safety, although it uses a unique stainless steel single-extractor rimfire bolt with a 70-degree bolt throw and comprising only eight parts (including the shroud pin and striker spring), and feeds exclusively from the famed BX series rotary magazines from the prolific Ruger 10/22 semi-automatic rifles.



  • Standard: 22 in (560 mm) alloy steel sporter barrel, with an overall length of 42 in (1,100 mm) for short-action or 42.5 inches (1,080 mm) for long-action cartridges.
  • Compact: 18 in (460 mm) alloy steel sporter barrel, shorter length of pull than the standard model, with an overall length of 36.75 in (933 mm), and chambered for short-action cartridges only.
  • All-Weather: the stainless steel version for both the standard and compact models
  • Magnum: the All-Weather models for long-action magnum cartridges (currently the 7mm RM, .300 WM and .338 WM), with a 24 in (610 mm) threaded stainless barrel and an overall length of 44.5 in (1,130 mm), and comes with factory Weaver rail installed.
  • Predator: varmint/target model with an 18 in (.308 Win only) or 22 in threaded alloy steel (stainless option available for 6.5 Creedmoor) Medium Palma barrel, with an overall length of 38 in (970 mm) or 42 in (1,100 mm), and comes with factory Weaver rail installed.
  • Ranch: short-barrel carbine version of the Predator model with a 16.12 in (409 mm) threaded alloy steel Medium Palma barrel, with an overall length of 36 in (910 mm), chambered for 5.56 NATO/.223 Rem (Model # 6965), .300 Blackout (# 6968), .450 Bushmaster (# 16950 and # 16978) and 7.62 Soviet cartridges (# 16976), and comes with factory Weaver rail installed. In early 2018, Ruger introduced variant models for the 5.56 NATO/.223 Rem (# 26965) and .300 Blackout (# 26968) that accept STANAG magazines.


  • Standard: 18" (threaded) or 22" alloy steel barrel with the Ruger 10/22-style Williams™ fiber optic open sight, with an overall length of 37 inches (940 mm) or 41 in (1,000 mm). Chambered for .17 HMR, .22 LR and .22 WMR. The buttstock piece can be removed and replaced between a straight flat comb (for use with iron sight) and a raised Monte Carlo-type comb (for use with optics).
  • Compact: Essentially identical to the 18" barrel Standard model but has a thinner butt end plate and thus a shorter length of pull (12.5" instead of 13.75"), with an overall length of 35.75 in (908 mm). The buttstock piece can be removed and swapped with a Standard model piece, which will convert the rifle into an 18" barrel Standard model.
  • Wood Stock: Essentially identical to the 22" barrel Standard model but with a walnut stock instead of the black synthetic one.
  • OD Green: Officially designated as the Model 8334[4] (.22 LR) or 8335[5] (.22 WMR), it has the same dimensions as the 18" barrel Standard model (and is under the "Standard" category on the Ruger website), but with a threaded varminter-style straight tapered barrel with no iron sights, and comes with factory Weaver rail installed. Because of the many similarities in appearance to the Predator model from the centerfire line, it has been nicknamed the "Rimfire Predator" by some users.
  • Stainless: New addition to the lineup in 2017, is similar in appearance to the OD Green model with factory Weaver rail and a threaded 18" 416 stainless steel barrel with no iron sights, but has a black synthetic stock and also comes in .17 HMR (Model 8353)[6] in addition to .22 LR (Model 8351)[7] and .22 WMR (Model 8352)[8]. Furthermore, in October 2017 TALO Distributors introduced a special limited production run of a stainless version Wood Stock model in .22 LR (Model 8359)[9] that come fitted with a walnut stock, 22-in barrel and open iron sights in addition to the receiver being drilled and tapped for scope bases.
  • Target: Same dimensions as the 18" barrel Standard model but with a threaded heavy bull barrel with no iron sights, as well as a black laminated stock with a straight comb and comes with factory Weaver rail installed. In late 2017, Ruger also introduced a thumbhole version (Model #8360) with a fenestrated fore-end and rollover cheekpiece.


  1. ^ a b c d e "Ruger American Rifle". Sturm, Ruger, and Co., Inc. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  2. ^ Guthrie, J (May 1, 2012). "All American: Ruger American Rifle". Guns & Ammo. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Model Number: 8334".
  5. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Model Number: 8335".
  6. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Model Number: 8353".
  7. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Model Number: 8351".
  8. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Model Number: 8352".
  9. ^ "Ruger American Rimfire Stainless .22lr Walnut #8359".

External links[edit]