Woodrow Wilson Rich
24 July 1918
|Died||5 August 2012 (aged 94)|
|You may hear Ruggiero Ricci performing Antonin Dvorak's Romance for Violin and Orchestra in F Minor, Op. 11 with Walter Susskind conducting the St. Louis Symphony Orcchestra in 1974 Here on archive.org|
|You may hear Ruggiero Ricci performing the Preludio from Johann Sebastian Bach's Violin Partita No. 3, in E Major, BWV 1006.1 circa 1966 Here on archive.org|
He was born in San Bruno, California, the son of Italian immigrants who first named him Woodrow Wilson Rich. His brother was cellist George Ricci (1923–2010), originally named George Washington Rich. His sister Emma played violin with the New York Metropolitan Opera. His father first taught him to play the violin. At age seven, Ricci studied with Louis Persinger and Elizabeth Lackey. Persinger would become his piano accompanist for many recitals and recordings.
Ricci gave his first public performance in 1928 at the age of 10 in San Francisco where he played works by Wieniawski and Vieuxtemps. He gained a reputation for being a child prodigy. At the age of 11, he gave his first orchestral performance, playing the Mendelssohn concerto, and soon after he had his highly successful debut at Carnegie Hall.
He served in the US Army from 1942 until 1945, where he was an "entertainment specialist".
In 1947, Ricci was the first violinist to record the complete 24 Caprices, Op. 1, by Paganini, in their original form.[N 1] Ricci's first recording was on the Decca recording label. After his time in the military, he uncovered many pieces by 19th-century composers that he would perform solo. In 1993, he recorded the Complete Works for Violin and Orchestra by Saint-Saens. He also performed the world premieres of pieces by many contemporary composers, including the violin concertos by Gottfried von Einem, Carlos Veerhoff and Alberto Ginastera.
Aside from performing over 6,000 concerts in 65 countries during his 70-year solo career, Ricci also made over 500 recordings, on every major label. He taught violin at Indiana University, the Juilliard School and the University of Michigan. He also taught at the University Mozarteum in Salzburg, Austria. Ricci held master classes in the United States and Europe. He wrote Left Hand Technique, a pedagogical volume for violin published by G. Schirmer. The Persian volume of this book is also published by Mohsen Kazemian, Iran.
Ricci died of heart failure in August 2012 at his home in Palm Springs, California, aged 94.
With the aim of showcasing great masterpieces of violin concerto repertoire, Ricci, accompanied by members of the American Symphony Orchestra, performed 15 concertos over a series of four concerts at Lincoln Center's Philharmonic Hall, all in a span of 30 days, under a different conductor each time.
- 17 November 1964, Gerhard Samuel (1925–2008), conductor
- 1 December 1964, Ezra Rachlin, conductor
- 8 December 1964, Jacques Singer, conductor
- 16 December 1964, Igor Buketoff, conductor
Paganini Caprices recordings
|You may hear Ruggiero Ricci performing Paganini's 24 Caprices for Solo Violin in 1947 Here on archive.org|
- 1947 | 2LPs | Decca LK.4025, Nos. 1–12; LXT.2588, Nos. 13–24 mono; 1950 reprint | 2LPs | London Decca LL.264, Nos. 1–12; LL.252, Nos. 13–24, mono (London, July 1947)
- 1959 | LP | Decca LXT.5569 mono / SXL.2194 stereo (Victoria Hall, Geneva, 1–9 April 1959)
- 1973 | LP | Vox Turnabout TV-S 34528 | plus premiere recording of Caprice d'adieu in E major, MS 68 (USA, 1973)
- 1978 | 2LP | Price-Less C–93042 (CD reprint: Price-Less D12179) | "Golden Jubilee" – recorded direct-to-disc at Soundstage Recording Studio, Toronto, Canada | plus Caprice d'adieu in E major, MS 68 plus Duo merveille in C major, MS 6 (Toronto, 1978)
- 1988 | CD | Radio Vaticana 061–003 / Biddulph LAW 016 | performed on Paganini's Guarneri del Gesù "Il Cannone" (Genova, 16–20 April 1988)
- 1998 | CD | Dynamic CDS244 | 80th Birthday Concert, live in Szeged Synagogue, Hungary | version for violin and orchestra by Laszlo Meszlény (Nos. 1–23) and Chris Nicholls (No. 24), based on the piano accompaniment composed by Robert Schumann (Hungary, 17 May 1998)
- 1982 | LaserDisc-NTSC | One Eleven, Ltd. URS-V-91610 | 69 mins. | BBC Scotland, Live television performance (p)1991
- 1987 | VHS-NTSC | Shar Products Company RR–1 (Michigan University, 10 January 1987) | unedited performance
- As told by Julia Ricci, his wife: „Ruggiero died on August 5th, and because of Gianni's (Ruggiero's son, the Australian pianist) that gave the message to The Strad magazine from Australia, already a day after (on 6th), the mistake happened...“
- "Ruggiero Ricci dies at 94; violin virtuoso began as child prodigy" by Valerie J. Nelson, Los Angeles Times, 22 August 2012
- "Ruggiero Ricci obituary" by Anne Inglis, The Guardian, 7 August 2012
- "Ruggiero Ricci papers, 1890s–2013," Library of Congress; OCLC 994287110
- George Ricci obituary Archived 28 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Allegro, vol. CX, No. 9, September 2010
- "Death of a violin legend: Ruggiero Ricci" – Definitive Paganini performer" Archived 13 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine, The Strad
- *William Yardley, "Ruggiero Ricci Dies at 94; Prodigy Whose Violin Mastery Grew", The New York Times, 9 August 2012
- "Ruggiero Ricci". The Daily Telegraph. London. 9 September 2012.
- William Yardley (10 August 2012). "Ruggiero Ricci, 94; violinist mastered wide range of music". The New York Times – via The Boston Globe.; this source gives 5 August as his date of death.
- "Ricci to Open Series of Four Concerts Nov. 17," New York Post, 6 December 1964, p. 68 (accessible via fultonhistory.com)
- "Conductor to Appear in N.Y. Experiments," The Oregonian, 6 December 1964, p. 128
- "Jacques Singer, Ricci To Reunite in Portland," The Oregonian, 22 August 1965, p. 83
- LXT 2588 + LK 4025 – Paganini – 24 Caprices – Ruggiero Ricci
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- This process records the original sound direct to master discs without using a magnetic tape. Thus the full dynamic range and the original sound are fully preserved.