Ruhollah Khaleqi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Ruhollah Khaleghi)

Ruhollah Khaleqi
روح‌الله خالقی
Background information
Kerman, Iran
Died12 November 1965(1965-11-12) (aged 59)
Salzburg, Austria
GenresClassical, folk, traditional
Occupation(s)Musician, conductor, violinist, songwriter, composer, professor
Years active1940–1965

Ruhollah Khaleqi (Persian: روح‌الله خالقی, romanizedRuhollâh Xâleqi, also spelled as Khaleghi; 1906 – 12 November 1965) was a prominent Iranian musician, composer, conductor and author.[1]

He was the father of the first Persian women conductor Golnoush Khaleghi.


Ruhollah Khaleqi was born in Mahan, a small town near Kerman, in a musically minded family. He first became acquainted with the tar, but later started to learn to play the violin. As soon as Ali-Naqi Vaziri established his school of music, Khaleqi left school and joined Vaziri's school, where he studied for eight years. Soon he became his master's assistant and was placed in charge of teaching music theory. He later continued his education and obtained a bachelor's degree in Persian language and literature from the University of Tehran.


Persian National Music Society Orchestra conducted by Khaleqi with Gholam Hossein Banan on vocals, 1940s

In 1944 Khaleqi established the National Music Society and in 1949,[1] thanks his efforts, the School of National Music was founded. After his first journey to the Soviet Union in 1955, he became involved in the Iran-Soviet Society and was selected as a member of its board of directors.

He also began to serve as the director of the magazine Payām-e-Novin. His work, The History of Persian Music, which was published in two volumes, took shape during these years. His other published works include: Harmony of Western Music, Theory of Eastern Music, and Theory of Persian Music.

Gravestone of Ruhollah Khaleqi in Zahir o-dowleh cemetery, Darband, Shemiran, Tehran.

For many years Khaleqi worked as a musical advisor for Radio Iran and was one of the founders of the program known as Golhā (Flowers). He also conducted the Golhā Orchestra, for which he composed many pieces and revised the original compositions of his contemporaries as well as older masters, such as Aref Qazvini and Ali Akbar Sheyda. Although revised, the compositions retained all their original characteristics.

Khāleghi's compositions are not limited to what he wrote for Golhā. In addition to such masterpieces as Mey-e Nāb (Pure wine), Āh-e Sahar (Sigh at dawn), Hālā Cherā (Why now?), and Chang-e Rudaki (Rudaki's harp), he composed many other lyrical pieces and hymns, which were mostly patriotic. These include such works as Ey Iran (famously performed by Gholam-Hossein Banan) and the Hymn for Azarbaijan. Khaleqi established The National Music Society and Persian National Music Conservatory in 1949 in Tehran.

He believed Persian classical music must turn into a polyphonic music to become more attractive.[1]

He died in 1965 in Salzburg, Austria and was buried in Zahir-od-dowleh cemetery, Darband, Tehran.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "".

External links[edit]