Rui Costa (politician)

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Rui Costa
Rui Costa em fevereiro de 2019.jpg
Chief of Staff of the Presidency
Assuming office
January 1, 2023
PresidentLuiz Inácio Lula da Silva (elect)
SucceedingCiro Nogueira
Governor of Bahia
Assumed office
January 1, 2015
Vice GovernorJoão Leão
Preceded byJaques Wagner
Succeeded byJerônimo Rodrigues (elect)
Federal Deputy for Bahia
In office
April 1, 2014 – December 31, 2014
In office
February 1, 2011 – January 5, 2012
Chief of Staff of the Governor of Bahia
In office
January 5, 2012 – April 1, 2014
GovernorJaques Wagner
Preceded byEva Chiavon
Succeeded byBruno Dauster
Secretary of Institutional Relations of Bahia
In office
January 15, 2007 – April 1, 2010
GovernorJaques Wagner
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byPaulo Cezar Lisboa
Councillor of Salvador
In office
January 1, 2001 – January 15, 2007
Personal details
Born (1963-01-18) January 18, 1963 (age 59)
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
Political partyPT (1980–present)
SpouseAline Peixoto
Alma materFederal University of Bahia

Rui Costa dos Santos (born January 18, 1963) is a Brazilian economist and politician. He has served as governor of Bahia since January 2015. He is affiliated with the Workers' Party (PT).

In January 2007, invited by the Governor Jaques Wagner, Rui Costa took over the Secretariat of Institutional Relations (Serin), where he stayed until 2010. In Serin, Rui developed a new model of integration between the executive and legislative state with federal entities and social movements. The initiative was enhanced with the launch of the Institutional Relationship System (SRI), designed to speed up the progress of claims and standardize care.[1][2][3]

In 2010 he was elected federal deputy for the PT, again with the highest number of votes of the PT bench.[4]

Rui Costa was chosen as the PT candidate for the State of Bahia in elections in 2014,[5] and elected in the 1st round with 54.53% of the votes, against 37.39% of his main opponent, Paulo Souto.[6] In 2018, he was reelected with over 75% of the votes in the first round, easily defeating Zé Ronaldo.[7]

Rui Costa is considered a moderate among his party. As governor, he privatized the state owned supermarket, approved a pension reform, implemented public–private partnerships for education and health and supported electoral alliances with the PSDB and Democrats, center right historical rivals of PT, in the 2022 presidential election in order to defeat Bolsonaro.[8][9][10][11] He is being considered as the PT presidential nominee in 2022.[12]


Following the 2015 killing of 12 men, including four teenagers, by state police,[13] Amnesty International published a Huffington Post article on its website, reporting that official figures from the Annual Report of Public Security, reveal that, each day, "at least six people are killed by police officers in Brazil" and that the true number is likely higher, as "most states across the country prefer to keep these alarming figures under wraps." Costa was widely criticized for his public response, including a false narrative of events and declaring the police as "heroes".[14]

The ill-conceived comparison of a mass killing with an adrenaline-pumping football match is a sad illustration of the public security problems still experienced in Brazil – where mostly poor, young black men pay the price for the actions of a violent, militarized and poorly trained police force that has gone unchecked for far too long.

— Police killings in Brazil: 'My taxes paid for the bullet that killed my grandson'[14]

Al-Jazeera also reported the killings and that the largest Black population in Brazil, resides in Costa's home, the Bahia state capitol, Salvador da Bahia, and that "80 percent of those killed by police in Brazil are young, black and poor."[13]


  1. ^ "Serin coordena novo sistema de relacionamento institucional do governo". Liderança do PT Bahia. 2007-07-20.
  2. ^ "Estado propõe nova relação na esfera pública". Aratu Online.
  3. ^ "Sistema de Relacionamento Institucional ganha versão atualizada". Processamento de Dados do Estado da Bahia - Prodeb.
  4. ^ Biografia - Site da Casa Civil da Bahia
  5. ^ Samuel Celestino (27 July 2014). "Convenção do PT extrapola expectativa". Bahia Notícias. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Apuração de votos para governador na Bahia". G1. 5 October 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Rui Costa, do PT, é reeleito governador da Bahia". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  8. ^ "Governo baiano privatiza rede de supermercados Cesta do Povo - 28/12/2014 - Mercado - Folha de S.Paulo". Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  9. ^ "Reforma da Previdência estadual é aprovada na Bahia após invasão de manifestantes". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  10. ^ "Governo da BA deve lançar até três PPPs de saneamento no início de 2020". ISTOÉ Independente (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2019-12-13. Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  11. ^ "Rui Costa defende aliança entre PT, PSDB e DEM para derrotar Bolsonaro em 2022". (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  12. ^ Paulo, iG São (2019-05-05). "Governador da Bahia ganha força para ser o candidato do PT à presidência em 2022". Último Segundo (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  13. ^ a b Hafiz, Jihan (February 25, 2016). "The Cabula 12: Brazil's police war against the black community". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  14. ^ a b Ciconello, Alexandre. "Police killings in Brazil: 'My taxes paid for the bullet that killed my grandson'". Amnesty International. Retrieved 13 November 2021.