List of taxa named by Ruiz and Pavón

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Title page of Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis (1798), by Ruiz & Pavón

Hipólito Ruiz López and José Antonio Pavón Jiménez are jointly cited as the authors of many botanical names. Between 1779 and 1788 these Spanish botanists (together with the French botanist Joseph Dombey) visited Chile, Peru and other South American countries. Their standard author abbreviations are "Ruiz"[1] and "Pav.",[2] so that they are now jointly cited as "Ruiz & Pav." Ruiz y Pavón is the Spanish form of the Latin Ruiz et Pavón; both mean "Ruiz and Pavón".

Published works[edit]

Ruiz and Pavón jointly published:

Taxa of Ruiz & Pavón[edit]

Although Ruiz and Pavón named plant genera after one another, Cavanilles was working independently at about the same time and honoured each of them with the genus names Pavonia Cav. (in family Malvaceae), and Ruizia Cav. (in family Sterculiaceae), which were published before their own work. Pavonia Ruiz & Pav. and Ruizia Pav.(in family Monimiaceae) are thus homonyms.

Key : A = species is accepted  |  S = species is a synonym  |  U = species is unresolved

  • Unless otherwise noted, the reference for information used in this list comes from The Plant List.[3]
  • Discrepancies in the sources are indicated by a red asterisk (*) corresponding to a note found
    at the end of the list of the genus in which it appears.


Genera (AE)[edit]

  • Acaena
  • Aextoxicon Ruiz & Pav.[4] (unispecific genus)
  • Alonsoa
  • Aloysia
  • Alstroemeria
    • A. anceps Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea anceps)[7]
      [ = Bomarea anceps (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. bracteata Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea bracteata)[8]
      [ = Bomarea bracteata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. coccinea Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea coccinea)[9]
      [ = Bomarea coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
    • A. cordifolia Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Bomarea cordifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. crocea Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea crocea)[10]
      [ = Bomarea crocea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. denticulata Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea denticulata)[11]
      [ = Bomarea denticulata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea disichifolia, Danbya distichifolia, and Sphaerine distichophylla)[12]
      [ = Bomarea distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
      [ = Danbya distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval.)
      [ = Sphaerine distichophylla (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. * ] S
    • A. fimbriata Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Bomarea rosea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. formosissima Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea formosissima)[13]
      [ = Bomarea formosissima (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. haemantha Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = A. ligtu L. subsp. ligtu ] A
    • A. latifolia Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = B. latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. ligtu forma haemantha (Ruiz & Pav.) Ravenna S
      [ = A. ligtu L. subsp. ligtu ] A
    • A. ligtu var. lineatiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. S
      [ = A. chorillensis Herb. ] A
    • A. lineatiflora Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = A. chorillensis Herb. ] A
    • A. macrocarpa Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea ovata)[14]
      [ = B. ovata (Cav.) Mirb. ] A
    • A. peregrina Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = A. pelegrina L. ] A
    • A. purpurea Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea purpurea)[15]
      [ = Bomarea purpurea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. revoluta Ruiz & Pav. A
    • A. rosea Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea rosea)[16]
      [ = B. fimbriata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
      [ = B. rosea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. secundifolia Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea secundifolia and Danbya secundifolia)[17]
      [ = Bomarea secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
      [ = Danbya secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval)
      [ = Sphaerine secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
    • A. setacea Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Bomarea setacea)[18]
      [ = Bomarea setacea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • A. tomentosa Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = B. ovata (Cav.) Mirb. ] A
    • A. versicolor Ruiz & Pav. A
* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Sphaerine distichophylla the binomial authority is '(Spreng.) Herb.'; while the Tropicos entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.'
  • Azara Ruiz & Pav.[19]
  • Baccharis
  • Baitaria Ruiz & Pav.
    [ probably = Calandrinia Kunth ][20]
  • Bomarea
    • B. anceps (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria anceps Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[7]
    • B. bracteata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria bracteata Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[8]
    • B. coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker A
      [ = Alstroemeria coccinea Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[9]
      [ = Sphaerine coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
    • B. cordifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria cordifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S
    • B. crocea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria crocea Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[10]
    • B. denticulata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria denticulata Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[11]
    • B. distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker A
      [ = Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[22]
      [ = Danbya distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval.)
      [ = Sphaerine distichophylla (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.* ] S
    • B. fimbriata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
      [ = Alstroemeria rosea Ruiz & Pav. ] S
      [ = B. rosea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] A
    • B. formosissima (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria formosissima Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[13]
    • B. latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria latifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S
    • B. macrocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. S
      [ = Alstroemeria tomentosa Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[14]
      [ = B. ovata (Cav.) Mirb. ] A
      [ = B. tomentosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
    • B. purpurea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria purpurea Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[15]
    • B. rosea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria rosea Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[16]
      [ = B. fimbriata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
    • B. secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker A
      [ = Alstroemeria secundifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[17]
      [ = Danbya secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval)
      [ = Sphaerine secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. ] S
    • B. setacea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. A
      [ = Alstroemeria setacea Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[18]
    • B. tomentosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. S
      [ = B. ovata (Cav.) Mirb. ] A
* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Sphaerine distichophylla the binomial authority is '(Spreng.) Herb.'; while the Tropicos entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.'
* Note: According to Tropicos, Solanum viridiflorum is the basionym of Cyphomandra viridiflora, and its synonym (see here); on The Plant List entry for Cyphomandra viridiflora, S. viridiflorum is not included as a synonym (Retrieved February 8, 2012)
* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Sphaerine distichophylla the binomial authority is '(Spreng.) Herb.'; while the Tropicos entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.'
  • Desfontainia Ruiz & Pav.[40]
  • Embothrium
    • E. coccineum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. var. lanceolatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze S
      [ = E. coccineum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst ] A
    • E. coccineum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst forma lanceolatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Pérez-Mor. S
      [ = E. coccineum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst ] A
    • E. dentatum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym)[41]
      [ = Lomatia dentata (Ruiz & Pav.) R.Br.* ] A[41]
    • E. emarginatum Ruiz & Pav. U
    • E. lanceolatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = E. coccineum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. ] A
    • E. monospermum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Roupala monosperma (Ruiz & Pav.) I.M.Johnst. ] A
    • E. obliguum Ruiz & Pav. U
    • E. obliquum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Lomatia hirsuta (Lam.) Diels subsp. obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) R.T.Penn. ] A
    • E. pinnatum Ruiz & Pav. U
* Note: according to The Plant List entry for Lomatia dentata the binomial authority is simply 'R.Br.', while the GRIN entry for L. dentata shows '(Ruiz & Pav.) R.Br.' (Retrieved February 1, 2012)

Genera (FJ)[edit]


Genera (KO)[edit]

* Note: The Plant List entry for Laurelia sempervirens gives the binomial authority as simply 'Tul.', while the Tropicos entry for L. sempervirens shows '(Ruiz & Pav.) Tul.' (Retrieved February 1, 2012)
* Note: according to The Plant List entry for Lomatia dentata the binomial authority is simply 'R.Br.', while the GRIN entry for L. dentata shows '(Ruiz & Pav.) R.Br.' (Retrieved February 1, 2012)

Genera (PT)[edit]

  • Pavonia
    • P. sempervirens Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Laurelia sempervirens)[65]
      [ = Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul.* ] A
* Note: The Plant List entry for Laurelia sempervirens gives the binomial authority as simply 'Tul.', while the Tropicos entry for L. sempervirens shows '(Ruiz & Pav.) Tul.' (Retrieved February 1, 2012)
  • Periphragmos Ruiz & Pav.[79]
    [ = Cantua J.Juss. ex Lam. ][80]
    • P. dependens Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Cantua buxifolia Juss. ex Lam. ] A
      [ = P. uniflorus Ruiz & Pav. ] S
    • P. flexuosus Ruiz & Pav. S (lectotype)[79]
      [ = Cantua flexuosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ] A
    • P. foetidus Ruiz & Pav. U (basionym of Vestia foetida)[81]
      [ Possibly = Cantua foetida (Ruiz & Pav.) Cav. ] U
      [ = Vestia foetida (Ruiz & Pav.) Hoffmanns.* ] A
    • P. uniflorus Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Cantua buxifolia Juss. ex Lam. ] A
      [ = P. dependens Ruiz & Pav. ] S
* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Vestia foetida the binomial authority is shown as simply 'Hoffmanns.'; while the GRIN entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Hoffmanns.'
  • Phthirusa
  • Pionandra
    • P. obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers S
      [ = Cyphomandra obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn. ] U
      [ = Solanum obliquum Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[82]
    • P. pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers S
      [ = Cyphomandra pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn. ] U
      [ = Solanum pendulum Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[83]
    • P. viridiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers S
      [ = Cyphomandra viridiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn. ] U
      [  \neq Solanum viridiflorum Ruiz & Pav.* ] S ] (basionym)[84]
* Note: According to Tropicos, Solanum viridiflorum is the basionym of Pionandra viridiflora, but is not its synonym (see here); according to The Plant List entry for Solanum viarum, S. viridiflorum is synonymous with S. viarum. (Retrieved February 8, 2012)
  • Polylepis Ruiz & Pav.[85]
  • Pteromonnina
    • P. linearifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) B.Eriksen S
      [ = Monnina linearifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • P. macrostachya (Ruiz & Pav.) B.Eriksen A
    • P. pterocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) B.Eriksen A
  • Pycreus
    • P. niger (Ruiz & Pav.) Cufod. A
    • P. niger (Ruiz & Pav.) T.Koyama S
      [ = Cyperus niger Ruiz & Pav. var. niger ] U (autonym)
  • Roupala
  • Salpiglossis Ruiz & Pav.[86]
  • Saracha Ruiz & Pav.[87]
  • Sarmienta Ruiz & Pav.[88]
  • Satureja
    • S. elliptica (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. S
      [ = Clinopodium speciosum (Hook.) Govaerts ] A
      [ = Gardoquia elliptica Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[45]
    • S. incana (Ruiz & Pav.) Spreng. S
      [ = Clinopodium breviflorum (Benth.) Govaerts ] A
      [ = Gardoquia incana Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[46]
    • S. multiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. S
      [ = Clinopodium multiflorum (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze ] A
      [ = Gardoquia multiflora Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[47]
    • S. obovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. S (nom. illeg.)
      [ = Clinopodium obovatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts ] A
      [ = Gardoquia obovata Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[48]
    • S. revoluta (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. S
      [ = Clinopodium revolutum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts ] A
      [ = Gardoquia revoluta Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[49]
    • S. striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. S
      [ = Clinopodium striatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts ] A
      [ = Gardoquia striata Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[50]
  • Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav.[89]
  • Solanum
    • S. acuminatum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. acutifolium Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Lycianthes acutifolia)[67]
      [ = Lycianthes acutifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter ] A
    • S. agrimoniifolium (Ruiz & Pav. ex Dunal) J.F.Macbr. S
      [ = Lycopersicon hirsutum Dunal ] A
    • S. anceps Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. angulatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. quitoense Lam. ] A
    • S. angustifolium Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. cutervanum Zahlbr. ] A
    • S. angustifolium Ruiz & Pav. U
    • S. asperolanatum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. biformifolium Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Lycianthes biformifolia)[68]
      [ = Lycianthes biformifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter ] A
    • S. calygnaphalum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. nitidum Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • S. conicum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. crispum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. cymosum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. aloysiifolium Dunal ] A
    • S. dichotomum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. riparium Pers. ] A
    • S. diffusum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. ternatum Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • S. diffusum var. miozygum (Ruiz & Pav.) J.F.Macbr. S
      [ = S. ternatum Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • S. diffusum subsp. miozygum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. ternatum Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • S. filiforme Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. foetidum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. luteoalbum Pers. var. luteoalbum ] A
    • S. glandulosum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Lycianthes glandulosa)[69]
      [ = Lycianthes glandulosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter ] A
    • S. grandiflorum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. incanum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. albidum Dunal ] A
    • S. incarceratum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. incurvum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. laciniatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. nemorense Dunal ] A
    • S. lanceolatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. ruizii S.Knapp ] A
    • S. lineatum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Lycianthes lineata)[70]
      [ = Lycianthes lineata (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter ] A
    • S. mite Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. multifidum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. multifidum Lam. ] A
    • S. multitidum Ruiz & Pav. U
    • S. nitidum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. nutans Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. obliquum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Cyphomandra obliqua and Pionandra obliqua)
      [ = Cyphomandra obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn. ] U
      [ = Pionandra obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers ] S
    • S.  oblongum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. trichoneuron Lillo ] A
    • S. oppositifolium Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. pendulum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Cyphomandra pendula and Pionandra pendula)
      [ = Cyphomandra pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn. ] U
      Pionandra pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers ] S
    • S. pinnatifidum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. multifidum Lam. ] A
    • S. pubescens Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. luteoalbum Pers. var. luteoalbum ] A
    • S. runcinatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. pinnatum Cav. ] A
    • S. scabrum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. saponaceum Dunal ] A
    • S. sericeum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. sessile Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. stellatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. asperolanatum Ruiz & Pav. ] A
    • S. ternatum Ruiz & Pav. A
    • S. variegatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = S. muricatum Aiton ] A
    • S. viridiflorum Ruiz & Pav. S (basionym of Cyphomandra viridiflora)[36]
      [ = S. viarum Dunal ] A
      [ poss. = Cyphomandra viridiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn.* ] U
* Note: According to Tropicos, Solanum viridiflorum is the basionym of Cyphomandra viridiflora, and its synonym (see here); but on The Plant List entry for Solanum viridiflorum, C. viridiflora is not included as a synonym. (Retrieved February 8, 2012)
  • Sphaerine (nom. inval.)
    [ = Bomarea Mirb.][90]
    • S. coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. S
      [ = Alstroemeria coccinea Ruiz & Pav. ] S
      [ = Bomarea coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
    • S. distichophylla (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.* S (lectotype)[91]
      [ = Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S (basionym)[92]
      [ = Bomarea distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
      [ = Danbya distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval.)
    • S. secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb. S
      [ = Alstroemeria secundifolia Ruiz & Pav. ] S
      [ = Bomarea secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker ] A
      [ = Danbya secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb. ] S (nom. inval.)
* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Sphaerine distichophylla the binomial authority is '(Spreng.) Herb.'; while the Tropicos entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.'
  • Sudamerlycaste
    • S. ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) Archila A
    • S. longipetala (Ruiz & Pav.) Archila S
      [ = Maxillaria longipetala Ruiz & Pav. ] A
  • Stipa
  • Talinum
    • T. album Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Calandrinia alba (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. ] A
    • T. ciliatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Calandrinia ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. ] A
    • T. crenatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Cistanthe paniculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Carolin ex Hershk. ] A
    • T. dichotomum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = T. paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. ] A
    • T. lingulatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Cistanthe lingulata (Ruiz & Pav.) Hershk. ] A
    • T. monandrum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Calandrinia monandra Hershk. ] A
    • T. nitidum Ruiz & Pav. U
    • T. paniculatum Ruiz & Pav. S (homonym of T. paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn.)
      [ = Cistanthe paniculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Carolin ex Hershk. ] A
    • T. polyandrum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Cistanthe paniculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Carolin ex Hershk. ] A
    • T. rostratum Ruiz & Pav. U
    • T. umbellatum Ruiz & Pav. S
      [ = Montiopsis umbellata (Ruiz & Pav.) D.I.Ford A ]
  • Tricondylus
    • T. obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze S
      [ = Lomatia hirsuta (Lam.) Diels ] A
  • Triglochin
  • Triptilion Ruiz & Pav.[93]
  • Tropaeolum

Genera (UZ)[edit]

* Note: According to the Plant List entry for Vestia foetida the binomial authority is shown as simply 'Hoffmanns.'; while the GRIN entry for the same is given as '(Ruiz & Pav.) Hoffmanns.'

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Author Query for 'Ruiz'". International Plant Names Index. 
  2. ^ "Author Query for 'Pav.'". International Plant Names Index. 
  3. ^ "Search The Plant List". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG). 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Name - Aextoxicon Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: MBG. Retrieved January 30, 2012. T: Aextoxicon punctatum Ruiz & Pav. 
  5. ^ "Name - **Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Juss.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 10, 2012. Basionym: Verbena virgata Ruiz & Pav. 
  6. ^ "Name - !Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 10, 2012. Basionym: Verbena virgata Ruiz & Pav. 
  7. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea anceps (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria anceps Ruiz & Pav. 
  8. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea bracteata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria bracteata Ruiz & Pav. 
  9. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea coccinea (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria coccinea Ruiz & Pav. 
  10. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea crocea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria crocea Ruiz & Pav. 
  11. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea denticulata (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria denticulata Ruiz & Pav. 
  12. ^ "Name - Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea formosissima (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria formosissima Ruiz & Pav. 
  14. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea macrocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria macrocarpa Ruiz & Pav. 
  15. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea purpurea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria purpurea Ruiz & Pav. 
  16. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea rosea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria rosea Ruiz & Pav. 
  17. ^ a b "Name - 'Bomarea secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria secundifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  18. ^ a b "Name - Bomarea setacea (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria setacea Ruiz & Pav. 
  19. ^ a b The lectotype for Azara was designated as A. serrata by Sleumer (Lilloa 26: 28. 1953.) "Name - Azara Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  20. ^ GRIN (January 28, 2010). "Baitaria information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 3, 2012. Probable synonym of: Calandrinia Kunth 
  21. ^ "Name - Baitaria Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 3, 2012. T: Baitaria acaulis Ruiz & Pav. 
  22. ^ "Name - !Bomarea distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Baker". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  23. ^ "Name - Cantua flexuosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Basionym: Periphragmos flexuosus Ruiz & Pav. 
  24. ^ a b "Name - !Chaetanthera Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b "Name - Clinopodium multiflorum (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia multiflora Ruiz & Pav. 
  26. ^ a b "Name - Clinopodium obovatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia obovata Ruiz & Pav. 
  27. ^ a b "Name - Clinopodium revolutum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia revoluta Ruiz & Pav. 
  28. ^ a b "Name - Clinopodium striatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia striata Ruiz & Pav. 
  29. ^ a b "Name - !Columellia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 28, 2012. T: Columellia oblonga Ruiz & Pav. 
  30. ^ Michaud, Joseph Fr., Eugène Ernest Desplaces, Louis Gabriel Michaud (1854). Biographie universelle (Michaud) ancienne et moderne ... (in French). Madame C. Desplaces. p. 668, vol. 8. Retrieved June 2011. 
  31. ^ a b "Name - Conanthera Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 28, 2012. T: Conanthera bifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  32. ^ The lectotype for Condaminea was designated as C. corymbosa by Standley (North American Flora. NYBG 32: 5 (1918)) "Name - Condaminea DC.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 3, 2012. LT: Condaminea corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. LT designated by Standley, N. Amer. Fl. 32: 5 (1918) 
  33. ^ a b "Name - !Cosmibuena Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 28, 2012. T: Cosmibuena obtusifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  34. ^ "Name - Cyphomandra obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Solanum obliquum Ruiz & Pav. 
  35. ^ "Name - Cyphomandra pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. !Solanum pendulum Ruiz & Pav. 
  36. ^ a b "Name - Cyphomandra viridiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Sendtn.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Solanum viridiflorum Ruiz & Pav. 
  37. ^ The lectotype for Danbya was designated as D. distichifolia by Sanso & Xifreda (Darwiniana 33: 323 (1995).) "Name - *Danbya Salisb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Name - Danbya distichifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  39. ^ "Name - **Danbya secundifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Salisb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria secundifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  40. ^ a b "Name - Desfontainia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 29, 2012. T: Desfontainia spinosa Ruiz & Pav. 
  41. ^ a b c d e GRIN (January 12, 2010). "Lomatia dentata information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 1, 2012. Synonyms: Embothrium dentatum Ruiz & Pav. (basionym); Tricondylus dentatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze 
  42. ^ a b "Name - Fabiana Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 30, 2012. T: Fabiana imbricata Ruiz & Pav. 
  43. ^ a b The lectotype for Gardoquia was designated as G. multiflora by Epling (Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis. Centralblatt für Sammlung und Veroffentlichung von Einzeldiagnosen neuer Pflanzen. Beihefte. 85: 147 (1936)) "Name - Gardoquia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. 
  44. ^ GRIN (September 10, 2004). "Gardoquia information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Probable synonym of: Clinopodium L. 
  45. ^ a b "Name - Satureja elliptica (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia elliptica Ruiz & Pav. 
  46. ^ a b "Name - Satureja incana (Ruiz & Pav.) Spreng.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia incana Ruiz & Pav. 
  47. ^ a b "Name - Satureja multiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia multiflora Ruiz & Pav. 
  48. ^ a b "Name - *Satureja obovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia obovata Ruiz & Pav. 
  49. ^ a b "Name - *Satureja obovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia revoluta Ruiz & Pav. 
  50. ^ a b "Name - Satureja striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. Basionym: Gardoquia striata Ruiz & Pav. 
  51. ^ a b "Name - Gilia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 30, 2012. T: Gilia laciniata Ruiz & Pav. 
  52. ^ a b "Name - Glandularia clavata (Ruiz & Pav.) Botta". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Basionym: Verbena clavata Ruiz & Pav. 
  53. ^ a b "Name - Glandularia corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) N.O'Leary & P.Peralta". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Basionym: Verbena corymbosa Ruiz & Pav. 
  54. ^ a b "Name - Glandularia cuneifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Binder". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Basionym: Verbena cuneifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  55. ^ a b "Name - Gomortega Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 30, 2012. T: Gomortega nitida Ruiz & Pav. 
  56. ^ "Name - !Guatteria Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 30, 2012. 
  57. ^ a b "Name - Jaltomata biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Benítez". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 6, 2012. Basionym: Saracha biflora Ruiz & Pav. 
  58. ^ a b "Name - Jaltomata dentata (Ruiz & Pav.) Benítez". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 6, 2012. Basionym: Saracha dentata Ruiz & Pav. Ruiz & Pav. 
  59. ^ a b "Name - Jarava Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 31, 2012. T: Jarava ichu Ruiz & Pav. 
  60. ^ a b "Name - Stipa ichu (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Jarava ichu Ruiz & Pav. 
  61. ^ "Name - Jovellana Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 31, 2012. 
  62. ^ a b "Name - Kageneckia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 1, 2012. T: Kageneckia oblonga Ruiz & Pav. 
  63. ^ a b "Name - Lapageria Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 1, 2012. T: Lapageria rosea Ruiz & Pav. 
  64. ^ a b The lectotype for Lardizabala was designated as L. biternata by Bullock (Kew Bulletin, Kew, England 14: 43 (1960)) "Name - Lardizabala Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 
  65. ^ a b c "Name - Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav.) Tul.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 1, 2012. Type Specimens: T: Ruiz & Pavon s.n.; 1778-88; Peru … Basionym: Pavonia sempervirens Ruiz & Pav. 
  66. ^ a b "Name - !Luzuriaga Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 2, 2012. T: Luzuriaga radicans Ruiz & Pav. 
  67. ^ a b "Name - Lycianthes acutifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Solanum acutifolium Ruiz & Pav. 
  68. ^ a b "Name - Lycianthes biformifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Solanum biformifolium Ruiz & Pav. 
  69. ^ a b "Name - !Lycianthes glandulosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: !Solanum glandulosum Ruiz & Pav. 
  70. ^ a b "Name - Lycianthes lineata (Ruiz & Pav.) Bitter". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Solanum lineatum Ruiz & Pav. 
  71. ^ a b "Name - Margyricarpus Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. T: Margyricarpus setosus Ruiz & Pav. 
  72. ^ a b "Name - Masdevallia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. T: Masdevallia uniflora Ruiz & Pav. 
  73. ^ a b The lectotype for Maxillaria was designated as M. platypetala by Brieger & P.F.Hunt (Taxon; Official News Bulletin of the International Society for Plant Taxonomy. Utrecht, NL. 18: 601-603 (1969)); and by Garay (Harvard Papers in Botany. Cambridge, MA 11: 51-52 (1997)) "Name - Maxillaria Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. LT: Maxillaria platypetala Ruiz & Pav. LT designated by Brieger & Hunt, Taxon 18: 601-603 (1969); and by Garay, Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 51-52 (1997) 
  74. ^ a b The lectotype for Monnina was designated as M. polystachya by Blake (North American Flora. NYBG 25: 374 (1924)) "Name - Monnina Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. LT: Monnina polystachya Ruiz & Pav. LT designated by Blake, N. Amer. Fl. 25: 374 (1924) 
  75. ^ "Name - Montiopsis umbellata (Ruiz & Pav.) D.I.Ford". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 3, 2012. Basionym: Talinum umbellatum Ruiz & Pav. 
  76. ^ "Name - !!Moscharia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. Annotation: nom. cons. 
  77. ^ a b "Name - Myoschilos Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. T: Myoschilos oblongum Ruiz & Pav. 
  78. ^ a b "Name - !Navarretia Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 5, 2012. T: Navarretia involucrata Ruiz & Pav. 
  79. ^ a b The lectotype for Periphragmos was designated as P. flexuosus by V.E.Grant (Grant, V. 1959. Natural History of the Phlox Family P.114 M. Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague.) "Name - Periphragmos Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  80. ^ GRIN (February 9, 2005). "Periphragmos information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  81. ^ a b GRIN (August 31, 2010). "Vestia foetida information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Periphragmos foetidus Ruiz & Pav. (basionym) 
  82. ^ "Name - Pionandra obliqua (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Solanum obliquum Ruiz & Pav. 
  83. ^ "Name - Pionandra pendula (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: !Solanum pendulum Ruiz & Pav. 
  84. ^ "Name - Pionandra viridiflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Miers". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 8, 2012. Basionym: Solanum viridiflorum Ruiz & Pav. 
  85. ^ a b "Name - Polylepis Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 6, 2012. T: Polylepis racemosa Ruiz & Pav. 
  86. ^ a b "Name - Salpiglossis Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 6, 2012. T: Salpiglossis sinuata Ruiz & Pav. 
  87. ^ a b "Name - Saracha Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 6, 2012. T: Saracha punctata Ruiz & Pav. 
  88. ^ a b "Name - !Sarmienta Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. T: Sarmienta repens Ruiz & Pav. 
  89. ^ a b "Name - Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 7, 2012. T: Schizanthus pinnatus Ruiz & Pav. 
  90. ^ GRIN (January 27, 2010). "Sphaerine information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved February 19, 2012. nom. inval. synonym of Bomarea Mirb. 
  91. ^ The lectotype for Sphaerine was designated as S. distichophylla by Sanso & Xifreda (Darwiniana 33: 330 (1995).) "Name - Sphaerine Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved January 27, 2012. 
  92. ^ "Name - Sphaerine distichophylla (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 19, 2012. Basionym: Alstroemeria distichifolia Ruiz & Pav. 
  93. ^ "Name - Triptilion Ruiz & Pav.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  94. ^ "Name - Zappania corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Poir.". Tropicos. MBG. Retrieved February 20, 2012. Basionym: Verbena corymbosa Ruiz & Pav. 

Other sources[edit]

  • Brummit, R.K. & C E. Powell. Authors of plant names. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 1992.
  • Fryxell P. A. 2000. Correction of Some Nomenclatural, Typification, and Other Discrepancies in Neotropical Pavonia (Malvaceae) Brittonia, 52, 200-202
  • Steele, A. R. Flores para el Rey Ediciones del Serval. (original title Flowers for the King: The expedition of Ruiz and Pavon and the Flora of Peru), 1982.
  • various authors. La expedición botánica al Virreinato del Perú (1777-1788). Ludwerg editores, Madrid, 1988.