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Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fateh
رکن الدین ابوالفتح
Tomb of Shah Rukn-e-Alam 2014-07-31.jpg
The shrine of Rukn-e-Alam in Multan
Died1335 (aged 83–84)
ReligionSunni Islam
Other names(Shah) Rukn-e-Alam
Senior posting
Based inMultan, Punjab
Period in office13th/14th century

Sheikh Rukn-ud-Din Abul Fateh (Punjabi: رکن الدین ابوالفتح ; c. 1251c. 1335) was an eminent Punjabi Sufi saint from Multan in modern-day Pakistan who belonged to Suhrawardiyya Sufi order.[1] He is commonly known by the title (Shah) Rukn-e-Alam ("Pillar of the World").


Shah Rukne Alam was the son of Pir Sadar-Al-Din Arif. He was born in Multan on 26 November 1251 and died 3 January 1335.[2] He was the grandson and successor of Sheikh Baha-ud-din Zakariya. He was buried in the mausoleum of his grandfather, according to his own willbut later, his coffin was transferred to the present mausoleum. Shah Rukn-e-Alam conferred his spiritual succession on Sufi sheikh Sultan Ul Tareeqin Sheikh Hameed ud Din Shah Hakim Al-Qureshi Asadi Al-Hashmi Suhrawardi. He is buried at Mau Mubarak in Rahim Yar Khan. He was Shah Rukn e Alam's Ataleeq-e-Awwal, Khalifa-e-Awwal and was married to the daughter of Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya.


The saint is still revered today and his tomb is the focus of the pilgrimage of over 100,000 pilgrims yearly from all over South Asia.[3] Shah Mehmood Qureshi is the current Sajjada Nashin and custodian of the Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam.[1]

The tomb was built between 1320 and 1324 CE in the pre-Mughal architectural style. The tomb is said to have built by Ghias-ud-Din Tughlak (r.1320-1325 AD) during his governorship of Depalpur, between 1320 and 1324 CE and was given by his son, Muhammad bin Tughluq to the descendants of Shah Rukn-e-Alam for the latter's burial in 1330. In the 1970s, the mausoleum was thoroughly repaired and renovated by the Auqaf Department. The entire glittering glazed interior is the result of new tiles and brickwork done by the Kashigars of Multan.[2]

This tomb is on the tentative list as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]


  • Shah Rukan e Alam, named after the saint, is one of the autonomous towns of the city of Multan.
  • A daily train service, Shah Rukn-e-Alam Express, between Multan and Karachi was named after him. It was suspended in February 2011 due to lack of locomotives.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Urs celebrations of sufi saint Shah Rukn-e-Alam underway". Pakistan Today (newspaper). 23 January 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b History of Multan (scroll down to read The Tomb Of Shah Rukn-e-Alam) Government of Pakistan website, Retrieved 18 March 2021
  3. ^ a b Over 100,000 pilgrims yearly as visitors UNESCO World Heritage website, Published 30 January 2004, Retrieved 20 March 2021
  4. ^ More trains may be suspended Dawn (newspaper), Published 2 February 2011, Retrieved 18 March 2021

External links[edit]