Rukun 13

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Rukun 13 or Rukun Tiga Belas (The Thirteen Pillars) is a defunct Sarawakian organisation that existed from 1947 until 1950.

Formation[edit]

This organisation was officially formed in final 1947 due to opposition to the Cession to the United Kingdom in Sarawak. At first, the organisation had planned to kill the British Governor Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke but the fate decide otherwise. Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke was transferred to Gold Coast. He was succeeded by Sir Duncan George Stewart.

Penalty and disestablishment[edit]

After the second Governor of Sarawak, Duncan Stewart was fatally wounded by Rosli Dhobi and later died in Singapore General Hospital, the British caught all Rukun 13 members in March 1950. The 2 main members of Rukun 13, Rosli Dhobi and Awang Rambli were sentenced to death together with 2 other people, Bujang Suntong and Morshidi Sidek who were not Rukun 13 members. The rest of the Rukun 13 members were jailed.

List of Rukun 13 members[edit]

References[edit]

  • Haji Nasir Haji Sulaiman/Mary Tan Swee Ee/Ros Maria Chin, Pendekatan Diagramatik Sejarah PMR, Sasbadi Press ISBN 978-983-59-3275-5
  • Ramlah Binti Adam/Abdul Hakim Bin Samuri/Shakila Parween Binti Yacob/Muslimin Bin Fadzil, Sejarah Tingkatan 5, DBP ISBN 978-983-62-7883-8
  • A documentary of Rosli Dhobi (Malay)