Rukungiri District

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Rukungiri District
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 00°47′N 29°56′E / 0.783°N 29.933°E / 0.783; 29.933Coordinates: 00°47′N 29°56′E / 0.783°N 29.933°E / 0.783; 29.933
Country  Uganda
Region Western Uganda
Sub-region Kigezi sub-region
Capital Rukungiri
 • Land 1,444.9 km2 (557.9 sq mi)
 • Water 222.4 km2 (85.9 sq mi)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 321,300
 • Density 241/km2 (620/sq mi)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Rukungiri District is a district in the Western Region of Uganda. The town of Rukungiri is the site of the district headquarters.


The district is bordered by Rubirizi District to the north, Mitooma District to the east, Ntungamo District to the southeast, Kabale District to the south, Kanungu District to the west, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the northwest. The district headquarters are located approximately 400 kilometres (250 mi), by road, southwest of Kampala, Uganda's capital city.[1] The coordinates of the district are 00 47S, 29 56S.[citation needed]


The district was created in 1974 and was known then as North Kigezi District. Its name changed to Rukungiri District in 1980. When Kanungu District was split off to form a separate district, Rukungiri District was reduced to two counties: Rujumbura County and Rubabo County. Rukungiri District is endowed with rich soils and a good climate for agriculture.

Prominent people[edit]

The district is the birthplace of Kizza Besigye, who was a candidate for the Ugandan Presidency in 2001, 2006, and 2011. Other prominent Ugandans who hail from the district include Aronda Nyakairima, the minister of internal affairs, and Henry Tumukunde, a former director of Uganda's Internal Security Organisation. One of the parliamentary representatives of this district is Jim Muhwezi.[2] Other native sons include Mzee Kakururu, chairman of the Electoral Commission in the 1980s and Professor Mondo Kagonyera, the chancellor of Makerere University.


In 1991, the population of the district was estimated at 230,100. The 2002 national census estimated the population at 275,200. The district annual population growth rate was calculated at 1.6 percent. In 2012, the population was estimated at 321,300.[3]

Economic activities[edit]

The mainstay of the economy of the district is agriculture. More than 90 percent of the population are engaged in farming. Of the 1,524.28 square kilometres (588.53 sq mi) total land area of the district, 1,352.3 square kilometres (522.1 sq mi) is arable land. Out of these, 1,150 square kilometres (440 sq mi) are already under cultivation. Production is mainly subsistence although the soils are very fertile and with potential for intensive commercial farming. The two chief cash crops are coffee and matooke.

The district also has some of the most productive dairy farms in the country, especially in the sub counties of Kebisoni and Buyanja.[citation needed] About 3.52 million liters of milk are produced in the district annually.[citation needed] Because of its altitude, the district is ideal for cultivation of temperate fruits like grapes, apples, pears, and peaches.[citation needed] A number of people also derive their livelihood from fishing, particularly from Lake Edward. Fish farming is also practiced by some families.[citation needed] Employment in urban centers is scarce, with many qualified candidates clamoring for the few available positions.[4]

Tourist attractions[edit]

The following tourist attractions are located in Rukungiri District:

  1. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park - 80 kilometres (50 mi), by road, southwest of downtown Rukungiri. Most of the area of the Park is found in Rukungiri District.
  2. Queen Elizabeth National Park - A significant part of the Park is found in Rukungiri District.
  3. Hot Springs and Geysers - Located about 20 kilometres (12 mi), by road, from Rukungiri town; they include: (a) Ilimbo Hot Springs in Bwabara and (b) Minera Hot Springs in Kebisoni.
  4. Kisizi Falls - Located 40 kilometres (25 mi) along the Rukungiri-Kabale road. Location of a mini hydropower project that provides power to Kisizi Hospital.
  5. Scenic Views - The escarpments and deep valleys along the Rukungiri-Bwindi road offer a rare opportunity for scenic viewing.

Other points of interest[edit]

The following points of interest are located in Rukungiri District:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Distance Between Kampala And Rukungiri With Map". Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Major General Muhwezi Jim Katugugu Represents Rujumbura County, Rukungiri District In Parliament". Parliament of Uganda. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Estimated Population of Rukungiri In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  4. ^ Birungi, Machrine (21 January 2011). "200 Compete For 45 Jobs In Rukungiri". Uganda Radio Network. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 

External links[edit]