Rumble (instrumental)

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Single by Link Wray & His Ray Men
B-side"The Swag"
ReleasedMarch 31, 1958
LabelCadence 1347
Songwriter(s)Milt Grant, Link Wray
Audio sample
30-second sample of "Rumble"

"Rumble" is an instrumental by American group Link Wray & His Wray Men. Released in the United States on March 31, 1958, as a single (with "The Swag" as a B-side), "Rumble" utilized the techniques of distortion and tremolo, then largely unexplored in rock and roll.

In 2018, the song was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in a new category for singles.[5]

In 2008, it was inducted to National Recording Registry by Library of Congress.


At a live gig in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in early 1958, while attempting to work up a backing for The Diamonds' "The Stroll", Link Wray & His Ray Men came up with the instrumental "Rumble", which they originally called "Oddball". It was an instant hit with the audience, which demanded four repeats that night.[6] The host of the sock hop, disc jockey Milt Grant, paid for the song to be recorded and released as a single; in turn, Grant would receive songwriting credit.[7][8]

Eventually the instrumental came to the attention of record producer Archie Bleyer of Cadence Records, who hated it, particularly after Wray poked a pencil through the speaker cone of his amplifier to make the recording sound more like the live version.[9][10] But Bleyer's stepdaughter loved it, so he released it despite his misgivings.[11] Phil Everly heard it and suggested the title "Rumble", as it had a rough sound and said it sounded like a street fight.[10]

It was banned in several US radio markets, because the term 'rumble' was a slang term for a gang fight, and it was feared that the piece's harsh sound glorified juvenile delinquency.[10] The record is the only instrumental single ever banned from radio in the United States.[12][13]

Chart performance[edit]

"Rumble" was a hit in the United States, where it climbed to number 16 on the pop charts and number 11 on the R&B chart in the summer of 1958.[14] In Canada the song also reached number 16.[15]

Covers and later versions[edit]

The Dave Clark Five covered it in 1964 on their first album, A Session with The Dave Clark Five; it also appeared on The Dave Clark Five Return!, their second American album.

Another recording of the instrumental was released by Wray in 1968 as "Rumble '68", and again in 1969 as "Rumble-69" (Mr. G Records, G-820).[16] In 2014 jazz guitarist Bill Frisell released a cover of "Rumble" on his album Guitar in the Space Age![17]


Bob Dylan once referred to "Rumble" as "the best instrumental ever",[18] and the piece has remained widely used in various entertainment media. It has been used in movies, documentaries, television shows and elsewhere, including Top Gear, The Warriors (in the deleted opening scene), Pulp Fiction,[19] Screaming Yellow Theater with host Svengoolie, Independence Day, SpongeBob SquarePants vs. The Big One, Blow, the pilot episode of the HBO series The Sopranos, StarCraft II: Wings of Liberty, Riding Giants, Roadracers, and Wild Zero.

In the 2008 documentary, It Might Get Loud, featuring guitarists Jimmy Page, The Edge, and Jack White, Page, the Led Zeppelin founder and guitarist, appears playing a 45 rpm single of "Rumble," apparently from his personal collection. Page discusses the record and performs air guitar along with it. Intercut in this footage is part of a conversation among the three guitarists where Page discusses listening to, "anything with a guitar on, when I was a kid [...] but the first time I heard "The Rumble" [sic], that was something that had so much profound attitude to it."[20]

"Rumble" was sampled by experimental hip-hop trio Death Grips in "Spread Eagle Cross the Block" from their 2011 mixtape Exmilitary.[21]

Interviewing on television with Stephen Colbert on April 29, 2013, Iggy Pop commented that he "left school emotionally" at the moment he first heard "Rumble" at the student union, which led him to pursue music as a career.[22]

The record's title serves as the title of the 2017 documentary film Rumble: The Indians Who Rocked the World which features, amongst others, the work of Wray and his impact on rock music as a man of Native American descent.

The 1980 Adam and the Ants's song "Killer in the Home", from the Kings of the Wild Frontier album, is based on the same refrain in "Rumble" (Ants guitarist Marco Pirroni has cited Link Wray as a major influence).[11]


  1. ^ Richard Aquila (1989). That Old-time Rock & Roll: A Chronicle of an Era, 1954–1963. University of Illinois Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-252-06919-2.
  2. ^ Markesich, Mike (2012). Teenbeat Mayhem (1st ed.). Branford, Connecticut: Priceless Info Press. pp. 10, 12. ISBN 978-0-9856482-5-1.
  3. ^ *Shaw, Greg (September 15, 1998). Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, 1965–1968 (4-CD Box Set) – Sic Transit Gloria: The Story of Punk Rock in the '60s (liner notes). ISBN 978-1-56826-804-0. R2756466.
  4. ^ Pitchfork Staff (August 22, 2017). "The 200 Best Albums of the 1960s". Pitchfork. Retrieved April 15, 2023. ...since his first and most famous garage-rock single, "Rumble"...
  5. ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inducts Songs for the First Time, Including 'Born to Be Wild' & 'Louie Louie'". Billboard. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  6. ^ McDonough, Jimmy (2006). "Be Wild, Not Evil: The Link Wray Story". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved March 4, 2023.
  7. ^ Molenda, Michael (November 2007). "Blast from the Past: Link Wray's 'Rumble'". EQ. p. 51. ProQuest 199510916.
  8. ^ Miller, Stephen (May 9, 2007). "Milt Grant, 83, Legendary Sock Hop Host". The New York Sun.
  9. ^ Sisario, Ben (November 22, 2005). "Link Wray, 76, a Guitarist With Raw Rockabilly Sound, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c Sullivan, James (November 21, 2005). "Guitarist Link Wray Dies: Father of the power chord was seventy-six". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Doyle, Jack (May 10, 2010). "Rumble Riles Censors, 1958–59". Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  12. ^ Rodriguez, Robert A. (2005). The 1950s' Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Rock & Roll Rebels, Cold War Crises, and All-American Oddities. Potomac Books. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-57488-715-0. LCCN 2004013424.  'Rumble' has the distinction of being the only instrumental single banned from the radio airwaves. ... a song with such a provocative name and such menace to its power chords, could only spell trouble for impressionable listeners.
  13. ^ Tushnet, Mark V.; Chen, Alan K.; Blocher, Joseph (2017). "Instrumental Music and the First Amendment". Free Speech Beyond Words: The Surprising Reach of the First Amendment. NYU Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-4798-8028-7. LCCN 2016590840. OCLC 946161367. Nongovernmental institutions that control forums for musical expression have also played a censoring role. For example, in 1959, federally licensed American radio stations refused to broadcast the purely instrumental Link Wray song 'Rumble' on the basis of its title's association with street violence.
  14. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 637.
  15. ^ "CHUM Hit Parade - May 19, 1958".
  16. ^ "Link Wray And The Ray-Men - Rumble-69". Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  17. ^ Jurke, Thom. Bill Frisell – Guitar in the Space Age! Review at AllMusic. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  18. ^ Harrington, Richard (January 13, 2006). "Wray's 'Rumble' Still Reverberating". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Bob Dylan ... who once called 'Rumble' 'the best instrumental ever', visited with [Link] Wray and [Robert] Gordon backstage after a 1978 London show.
  19. ^ Maury Dean, Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush: A Singles Un-Cyclopedia (Algora Publishing, 2003), p.438.
  20. ^ "Jimmy Page Listening to Rumble". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  21. ^ "Death Grips: Exmilitary". Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  22. ^ "Fuse". Retrieved April 27, 2021.

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