Rumble (instrumental)

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"Rumble"
Rumble (instrumental).png
Single by Link Wray & His Ray Men
B-side"The Swag"
ReleasedMarch 31, 1958[citation needed]
Genre
Length2:25
LabelCadence 1347
Songwriter(s)
  • Milt Grant
  • Link Wray
Audio sample
30-second sample of "Rumble"

"Rumble" is an instrumental by American group Link Wray & His Ray Men. Released in the United States on March 31, 1958, as a single (with "The Swag" as a B-side), "Rumble" utilized the techniques of distortion and feedback, then largely unexplored in rock and roll. The single is the only instrumental ever banned from radio in the United States.[2][3]

In 2018, the song was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in a new category for singles.[4]

History[edit]

At a live gig in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in early 1958, attempting to work up a backing for The Diamonds' "The Stroll", Link Wray & His Ray Men came up with the instrumental "Rumble", which they originally called "Oddball".[5] It was an instant hit with the live audience, which demanded four repeats that night.

Eventually the instrumental came to the attention of record producer Archie Bleyer of Cadence Records, who hated it, particularly after Wray poked a pencil through the cone of his amplifier to make the recording sound more like the live version.[6][7] But Bleyer's stepdaughter loved it, so he released it despite his misgivings.[8] Phil Everly heard it and suggested the title "Rumble", as it had a rough sound and said it sounded like a street fight.[7]

It was banned in several US radio markets, because the term 'rumble' was a slang term for a gang fight, and it was feared that the piece's harsh sound glorified juvenile delinquency.[7]

Chart performance[edit]

"Rumble" was a hit in the United States, where it climbed to number 16 on the pop charts and number 11 on the R&B chart in the summer of 1958.[9]

Covers and later versions[edit]

The Dave Clark Five covered it in 1964 on their first album, A Session with The Dave Clark Five; it also appeared on The Dave Clark Five Return!, their second American album.

Another recording of the instrumental was released by Wray in 1968 as "Rumble '68", and again in 1969 as "Rumble-69" (Mr. G Records, G-820).[10] In 2014 jazz guitarist Bill Frisell released a cover of "Rumble" on his album Guitar in the Space Age![11]

Influence[edit]

Bob Dylan once referred to "Rumble" as "the best instrumental ever",[12] and the piece has remained widely used in various entertainment media. It has been used in movies, documentaries, television shows, and elsewhere, including Top Gear, The Warriors (in the deleted opening scene), Pulp Fiction,[13] Screaming Yellow Theater with host Svengoolie, Independence Day, SpongeBob SquarePants vs. The Big One, Blow, the pilot episode of the HBO series The Sopranos, StarCraft II: Wings of Liberty, Riding Giants, Roadracers, and Wild Zero.

In the 2008 documentary, It Might Get Loud, featuring guitarists Jimmy Page, The Edge, and Jack White, Page, the Led Zeppelin founder and guitarist, appears playing a 45 rpm single of "Rumble," apparently from his personal collection. Page discusses the record, and performs air guitar along with it. Intercut with this footage is a portion of a conversation between the three guitarists, in which Page talks about listening to, "anything with a guitar on, when I was a kid [...] but the first time I heard "The Rumble" [sic], that was something that had so much profound attitude to it."[14]

"Rumble" was sampled by experimental hip-hop trio Death Grips in "Spread Eagle Cross the Block" from their 2011 mixtape Exmilitary.[15]

In an interview with Stephen Colbert on April 29, 2013, Iggy Pop stated that he "left school emotionally" at the moment he first heard "Rumble" at the student union, leading him to pursue music as a career.[16]

The title of the record serves as the title of the 2017 documentary film Rumble: The Indians Who Rocked the World which features, amongst others, the work of Wray and his impact on rock music as a man of Native American descent.

The 1980 Adam and the Ants song "Killer in the Home", from their Kings of the Wild Frontier album, is based on the same refrain that is featured in "Rumble" (Ants guitarist Marco Pirroni has cited Link Wray as a major influence).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Aquila (1989). That Old-time Rock & Roll: A Chronicle of an Era, 1954–1963. University of Illinois Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-252-06919-2.
  2. ^ Rodriguez, Robert A. (2005). The 1950s' Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Rock & Roll Rebels, Cold War Crises, and All-American Oddities. Potomac Books. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-57488-715-0. LCCN 2004013424.  'Rumble' has the distinction of being the only instrumental single banned from the radio airwaves. ... a song with such a provocative name and such menace to its power chords, could only spell trouble for impressionable listeners.
  3. ^ Tushnet, Mark V.; Chen, Alan K.; Blocher, Joseph (2017). "Instrumental Music and the First Amendment". Free Speech Beyond Words: The Surprising Reach of the First Amendment. NYU Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-1-4798-8028-7. LCCN 2016590840. OCLC 946161367. Nongovernmental institutions that control forums for musical expression have also played a censoring role. For example, in 1959, federally licensed American radio stations refused to broadcast the purely instrumental Link Wray song 'Rumble' on the basis of its title's association with street violence.
  4. ^ "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inducts Songs for the First Time, Including 'Born to Be Wild' & 'Louie Louie'". Billboard. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  5. ^ Jimmy McDonough, "The Link Wray Story", Perfect Sound Forever, 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2019
  6. ^ Sisario, Ben (November 22, 2005). "Link Wray, 76, a Guitarist With Raw Rockabilly Sound, Dies". Nytimes.com. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Sullivan, James (November 21, 2005). "Guitarist Link Wray Dies: Father of the power chord was seventy-six". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Doyle, Jack (May 10, 2010). "Rumble Riles Censors, 1958–59". PopHistoryDig.com. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 637.
  10. ^ "Link Wray And The Ray-Men - Rumble-69". 45cat.com. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  11. ^ Jurke, Thom. Bill Frisell – Guitar in the Space Age! Review at AllMusic. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ Harrington, Richard (January 13, 2006). "Wray's 'Rumble' Still Reverberating". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Bob Dylan ... who once called 'Rumble' 'the best instrumental ever', visited with [Link] Wray and [Robert] Gordon backstage after a 1978 London show.
  13. ^ Maury Dean, Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush: A Singles Un-Cyclopedia (Algora Publishing, 2003), p.438.
  14. ^ "Jimmy Page Listening to Rumble". YouTube. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  15. ^ "Death Grips: Exmilitary". Pitchfork.com. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  16. ^ "Fuse". Fuse.tv. Retrieved April 27, 2021.

External links[edit]