Rumelifeneri, Istanbul

Coordinates: 41°14′N 29°07′E / 41.233°N 29.117°E / 41.233; 29.117
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Rumelifeneri
Rumelifeneri is located in Turkey
Rumelifeneri
Rumelifeneri
Location in Turkey
Rumelifeneri is located in Istanbul
Rumelifeneri
Rumelifeneri
Rumelifeneri (Istanbul)
Coordinates: 41°14′N 29°07′E / 41.233°N 29.117°E / 41.233; 29.117
CountryTurkey
ProvinceIstanbul
DistrictSarıyer
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2022)
4,337
Time zoneTRT (UTC+3)
Postal code
34450
Area code0212

Rumelifeneri (named after the lighthouse Rumeli Feneri) is a neighbourhood in the municipality and district of Sarıyer, Istanbul Province, Turkey.[1] Its population is 4,337 (2022).[2]

Geography[edit]

Rumelifeneri is a coastal village located at the extreme northwest (i.e., European side) of the Bosphorous Strait. It is a suburb of Istanbul. The distance to Sarıyer is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) and to the center of Greater Istanbul is about 25 kilometres (16 mi).

History[edit]

Archaeological evidence in the area of the village dates back to the late Byzantine era, although a now lost Greek inscription dating to the 3rd century CE was formerly on display at the Greek cemetery of the village.[3]

The village is named after a local lighthouse, which is attested in portolans and literary sources since at least the 15th century. Petrus Gyllius, who visited it in the mid-16th century, described it as octagonal, and ascribed to it a Byzantine origin. Its Greek inhabitants named it Phanarion (Φανάριον, "lighthouse"), often in the diminutive Phanarakion (Φαναράκιον).[3] In 1768, a fortress was built by a Greek engineer for the Ottoman Empire (Rumeli Fener Kalesi), possibly on older foundations. It is now in ruins.[3] Rumelifeneri was involved was the rebellion of Kabakçı Mustafa.[4]

Before World War I, the village was inhabited by Greeks—some 900 inhabitants in the late 19th century—and had a church dedicated to St. George (possibly built on a Byzantine predecessor), and the hagiasma (sacred well) known as tis Tsirpinas (της Τσίρπινας).[3]

Economy[edit]

Rumelifeneri is a fishermen's village. But it is very close to Istanbul, which makes the village a place of seafood restaurants specialized for daily excursion of Istanbul citizens.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mahalle, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d Külzer, Andreas (2008). "Phanarion (I)". Tabula Imperii Byzantini: Band 12, Ostthrakien (Eurōpē) (in German). Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. pp. 582–583. ISBN 978-3-7001-3945-4.
  4. ^ A page about Istanbul Vicinity (in Turkish)