Issue 25 Cover by Jo Chen
|Group publication information|
|First appearance||Runaways #1 (July 2003)|
|Created by||Brian K. Vaughan (writer)
Adrian Alphona (artist)
|Base(s)||Malibu; formerly a lair beneath the La Brea Tar Pits|
Alex Wilder (formerly)
|Series publication information|
|Publication date||(Volume 1)
April 2003 - August 2004
February 2005 - June 2008
August 2008 - November 2009
May 2015 - November 2015
|Number of issues||(vol 1): 18
(vol 2): 30
(vol 3): 14
(vol 4): 4
|Creative team as of June 2009|
|Creator(s)||Brian K. Vaughan (writer)
Adrian Alphona (artist)
Runaways is a superhero comic book series published by Marvel Comics. The series features a group of teenagers who discover that their parents are part of an evil crime organization known as "The Pride". Created by Brian K. Vaughan and Adrian Alphona, the series debuted in July of 2003 as part of Marvel Comics' "Tsunami" imprint. The series had been canceled in September 2004 at issue eighteen, but due to high numbers of trade collection sales, Marvel revived the series in February 2005.
Originally, the series featured a group of six kids whose parents routinely met every year for a charity event. One year, the kids spy on their parents and learn they are "the Pride", a criminal group of mob bosses, time-travelers, dark wizards, mad scientists, alien invaders and telepathic mutants. The kids steal weapons and resources from their parents, and learn they themselves inherited their parents' powers; Alex Wilder, a prodigy, leads the team while Nico Minoru learns she is a powerful witch, Karolina Dean discovers she is an alien, Gertrude Yorkes learns of her telepathic link to a dinosaur, Chase Stein steals his father's futuristic gloves, while young Molly Hayes learns she is a mutant with incredible strength. The kids band together and defeat their parents, and atone for the sins of their parents by fighting the new threats trying to fill in the Pride's void. Later they are joined by cyborg Victor Mancha, shape-shifting Skrull Xavin, and plant-manipulator Klara Prast.
Since the original groups' introduction, the Runaways have been portrayed as a somewhat dysfunctional yet loving family. Series creators Brian K. Vaughan and Adrian Alphona left the series at issue twenty-four of the title's second volume. The second volume was continued by Joss Whedon and Michael Ryan until they departed at issue thirty. Writer Terry Moore and artist Humberto Ramos became the creative team for two story arcs. After one issue written by Christopher Yost and James Asmus, Kathryn Immonen and Sara Pichelli became the new creative team. The book was cancelled in 2009, though this was initially called a hiatus; the last issue released was Volume 3, number 14, released in September 2009, cover-dated November of that year.
- 1 Publication history
- 2 Main series
- 3 Other versions
- 4 Bibliography
- 5 Awards
- 6 In other media
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Series creator Brian K. Vaughan pitched Runaways in 2003 as a part of Marvel's Tsunami imprint, the goal of which was to attract new readers, particularly young readers and the manga audience. Marvel editorial staff agreed to it immediately, prompting Wizard Magazine to name the series as "one of the best original concepts from Marvel in thirty years." The Tsunami imprint turned out to be unsuccessful, and the series ended at issue #18. After the series' sales in digests, Vaughan pitched the idea again to Marvel, who accepted it. As of 2009, the series has been in continuous publication since its relaunch - though Volume 2 was ended with issue 30, with the following month seeing the first issue of Volume 3. However, the final issue printed from the series was in November, 2009.
Writer Brian K. Vaughan has claimed that he had only planned to write Runaways for six months (six issues), but because of the popularity of the series and new ideas from Vaughan, Marvel decided to continue issuing it on a monthly basis. In 2007, Brian K. Vaughan announced his departure from Runaways, deciding to leave the series at the top of its game. Longtime Runaways-fan Joss Whedon was hand-picked by Vaughan to write an arc; although Whedon had declined at first, he later accepted.
In Blair Butler's "Fresh Ink" segment on the cable television station G4 show Attack of the Show Marvel revealed that Kathryn Immonen and Sarah Pichelli were the new creative team. They started with issue #11, which will "start with a prom and end with a death"; Marvel editor Nick Lowe quotes that "It feels so right and so wrong at the same time? To be honest, and no offense to Joss or Terry, I hadn't felt this way since Gert died." The story ended with a major cliffhanger that has yet to be resolved since the series cancellation.
The Runaways later appeared in Daken's comic book in an uneasy alliance with him in order to take down Marcus Roston, a superpowered criminal with ties to the Pride. They appeared in Avengers Academy #27-28. Since then, Victor Mancha became a regular character in the robot themed comic Avengers A.I. while Nico Minoru and Chase Stein became part of the cast in Avengers Arena, and its sequel Avengers Undercover.
In February 2015, it was announced that a new Runaways series would be launching during Marvel's Secret Wars crossover, featuring a new cast set on Battleworld. The official lineup of the new team will include Molly Hayes, along with a few new additions, such as Jubilee from the X-Men, Bucky Barnes (Winter Soldier), Cloak and Dagger, Amadeus Cho and Skaar. Marvel states that "a few new characters" will join the new team. The new team, set in Battleworld, will also include another member of the X-Men, Pixie and the love interest of Amadeus Cho, Delphyne Gorgon. Additionally, Nico Minoru will be featured in A-Force.
When Alex, Chase, Gert, Karolina, Molly, and Nico witness their parents ("The Pride") sacrifice a girl in an occult ceremony, the group runs off. As the story progresses, the children learn of their heritage and abilities, and steal resources from their parents, including futuristic gauntlets, a dinosaur, and a mystical Staff. Using these resources, they manage to remove their parents from their criminal hold of Los Angeles, but they lose Alex in the final battle, due to Alex's true loyalty to his parents. With the Pride defeated, the Runaways now vow to prevent other villains from filling in the void left by their parents. They eventually meet cyborg Victor Mancha and shape-shifting alien Skrull Xavin, and invite them to join the team. Right before the Runaways defeat a new incarnation of the Pride and Alex's resurrected father, Gertrude is fatally wounded.
In the Marvel Comics' 2006 crossover Civil War, the Young Avengers travel to Los Angeles to help the Runaways fight off the government. The two teams encounter Noh-Varr, who works for S.H.I.E.L.D. and attempts to capture the teenagers. When the Runaways are accidentally time-displaced in 1907, they encounter the deceased Runaway Gertrude Yorke's parents. After defeating the Yorkes and deadly gang war, plant-manipulator Klara Prast joins the Runaways' return to the present. Upon returning from 1907, the Runaways find themselves in New York, where the Skrull Armada has invaded, seeking Hulkling. After being attacked, with Xavin pretending to be loyal to the Skrulls to protect her friends, they retreat away from the battle while Xavin helps Hulkling escape his pursuers. This was part of Marvel Comics' 2008 crossover, Secret Invasion.
In 2008, writer Terry Moore, alongside artist Humberto Ramos became the new creative team. The Runaways are hunted by several remaining Majesdanian soldiers with the desire to capture Karolina for the problems caused on their planet; in a twisted turn of events, however, Xavin shape-shifts into Karolina and leaves with the Majesdanians. Moore's stint on Runaways ended on vol. 3 issue #9.
The Runaways partially disbanded afterwards, with Victor joining Hank Pym's Avengers A.I. team while Nico and Chase were both captured by Arcade and forced to fight for their lives in Avengers Arena, later joining other teen superheroes who survived Arcade's games in Avengers Undercover. Chase makes allusions to returning to take care of Karolina, Molly, and Klara, and being angry that Nico did not do the same. By the end of Avengers Undercover, however, the Runaways seem to be together once again.
The series does not use concepts of regular superhero behavior, such as aliases, uniforms, and team names. All the characters in volume 1, except Alex Wilder, adopt codenames, but they stop using their codenames by the end of volume 1. Unlike many other super hero teams, the Runaways have more females than males. At one point, there was only one male on the team with four females, prompting other groups to refer to him as "the girls' getaway man". At another point, the team has two males, four females and one gender shifter (and a female dinosaur).
Early in the series, Molly is the only character who makes a costume but creates it from old bed sheets and clothes, not the traditional uniform of superhero costumes; she never wears the costume again. During battle, the Runaways mainly fight in their street clothes and call each other by their given names. Furthermore, the children almost never refer to themselves as "the Runaways" as the series' title might suggest; their team simply goes unnamed, except for one brief instance, when Nico calls them "the Runaways", and tells them to "run away". Other Marvel characters in the Marvel Universe usually refer to the nameless team as "the Pride's kids" or "those kids in L.A." Vaughan even mocks the notion of superhero catchphrases such as "Hulk smash!", "It's Clobberin' Time", or "Avengers assemble!". During a battle with Swarm, Nico semi-sarcastically tells Victor the team's rallying call is "Try not to die". However, despite Vaughan's efforts to break down the superhero clichés within Runaways, Marvel's handbooks and website still refer to the characters by their codenames. The Marvel miniseries Mystic Arcana, published late in 2007, features Nico Minoru under her superhero alias "Sister Grimm", a name she has not answered to since Runaways volume two began; the character one-shot's story takes place between 17 and 18 of Runaways volume 1 but she is not referred to by the code-name in it.
Excelsior was a support group consisting of former teenage superheroes from defunct Marvel comic series (though one of their members - Lightspeed - was and remains a cast member of a financially and critically successful series of Power Pack books aimed at younger readers). Excelsior was founded by Mickey Musashi (Turbo of the New Warriors) and Phil Urich (the heroic former Green Goblin), and the group's stated goals were to help fellow/former teenage superheroes to adjust to normal lives and dissuade other super-powered teenagers from becoming heroes, though this rationale (and by extension the team themselves) was made redundant by the events of Civil War (in which it became a legal requirement for all U.S. resident superheroes in the Marvel universe to register with the United States government for training, or face imprisonment). Though they originally debuted under the name "Excelsior", the title of the spin-off series was changed from Excelsior to Loners, due to copyright issues, as Stan Lee holds a trademark on the term "Excelsior!" The team do not refer to themselves as "The Loners", however, as this is not the name of the group within their story (in such a context it would be an oxymoron), and the group is simply not named directly by characters.
Originally, the team featured six main Runaways, remaining constant throughout the first volume (18 chapters) of Runaways.
The original six are:
- Nico Minoru, the daughter of dark wizards, is a witch capable of manipulating magic. She is the group's leader.
- Karolina Dean, the daughter of alien invaders, is a solar-powered alien. She is in a relationship with Xavin.
- Molly Hayes, the daughter of telepathic mutants, is a mutant whose powers include super-strength and invulnerability.
- Chase Stein, the son of mad scientists, steals his father's flame generating/manipulating gauntlets called "the Fistigons".
- Alex Wilder, the son of mafia bosses, was a child prodigy at strategic thinking and planning.
- Gertrude Yorkes, the daughter of time-traveling criminals, used to have an empathic and telepathic link with Old Lace.
Later members include:
- Victor Mancha, the creation of the Avengers' foe Ultron and Marianella Mancha, is a cyborg who can manipulate electricity and metal.
- Xavin, the child of Skrull warlords, can shape-shift and also manifest the powers of the Fantastic Four.
- Klara Prast, a Swiss immigrant to America from 1907 and child bride of an abusive older man, can control the growth of plants.
At one point, Gertrude's future self travels back in time. She is in her thirties, and without Old Lace, and her superhero name is Heroine at this time. Nico reveals, with the aid of magic, that this version of Gertrude is the leader of the Avengers of her time line. Superheroes in her time includes characters to yet make an official appearance in the regular Marvel Universe, including an "Iron Woman", a heroic Scorpion, the "Fantastic Fourteen", and "Captain Americas". She, the rest of her team, the X-Men (led by Armor), and the Fantastic Fourteen are killed by Victor Mancha's future self, who completed his original mission programmed by Ultron to become the ultimate supervillain "Victorious".
House of M
In the House of M reality warp, the Pride is mentioned as ruling not only Los Angeles, but all of Southern California. Unlike in the normal reality, their children stay with their parents. Karolina is mentioned as being a "go-to" girl for the Wolfpack. When the Scarlet Witch takes majority of the mutants populations' powers, Molly is one of the handful that keeps her powers.
In an interview with Comic Book Resources, Brian K. Vaughan revealed that Runaways (despite being in the main Marvel Universe) will not refer to the House of M reality warp. Vaughan's reason for not wanting Runaways to refer to the Scarlet Witch's attack was because he did not want the readers of Runaways to be confused about the complex House of M storyline. He did, however say there would be a brief one-line reference, which happened in the following issue: after Molly angrily punches Wolverine out of a church, he lands in the snow and bitterly says, "Only 198 mutants left on the planet... and that girl had to be one of them." The events of House of M and "Decimation" are referred to later in an issue written by Chris Yost with Wolverine encountering Molly again and stating, "I don't know if you're keeping up with the current events, but there used to be millions of mutants and now there's under 200."
Goofy versions of the original team, including Alex Wilder, are seen in the Wha... Huh? one shot as part of a joke about Wolverine appearing in every comic including Archie, Yu-Gi-Oh!, and Pokémon.
In December 2008, all five issues of What If...? featured the Runaways becoming the Young Avengers as back-up stories. The five-part back-up feature (entitled What If Runaways became Young Avengers?) illustrates how Iron Lad recruits the Runaways as the next new wave of the Avengers, forcing them to be an actual super-hero team with costumes. Although it is later revealed that the Iron Lad that brought them together was actually Victor Mancha – Iron Lad ran into Victor's future self when attempting to flee to the Avengers' era, with Victorious travelling back with him and using Victor to hi-jack his equipment – Kang's attempt to rescue his younger self results in Iron Lad being killed and Kang being erased from history while Victor destroys his future self and departs via Kang's time-belt to find his own way, leaving the Runaways to continue as Young Avengers with Chase now using parts of the Iron Lad armor after he was injured in a fight with Victorious. Written by C.B. Cebulski and drawn by Patrick "Spaz" Spaziante, the story had originally been called What If the Runaways didn't run away? But it was not until Cebulski accidentally stumbled onto the Young Avengers storyline that he decide to merge the two stories. Joe Quesada, editor in chief of Marvel Comics revealed early in his online interview feature, "MyCup o' Joe", that the main villain in the What if? storyline is Victorious, though Kang the Conqueror makes an appearance. A reviewer, Jesse Schedeen of IGN cited What If...? itself as "a let down", although the Runaways back-up story was positively received.
In the Ultimate Marvel universe, a version of the Runaways exist, but as an all mutant covert team under S.H.I.E.L.D. Director General Nick Fury called Ultimate X. After the events of Ultimatum, Nick Fury contacted former X-Men Jean Grey aka Karen Grant with a purpose to unite fellow mutants to combat threats mostly a conflict in Southeast Asian Republic/SEAR with two cities of superhumans. Members include Jimmy Hudson, son of the late Wolverine, Elizabeth "Liz" Allan aka Firestar, a former classmate of Spider-Man who discovered she was a pyrokinetic mutant, and Derek Morgan aka The Guardian, a vigilante in Chicago who can sprout wings, talons and glowing red eyes. The team was officially named The Runaways in Ultimate Comics: Ultimates.
An alternate version of the Runaways star in the comic's fourth volume, taking place during Secret Wars under the Battleworld banner. The mini series was created by Noelle Stevenson and Sanford Greene. In the series, a different group of children, who are students at the Victor von Doom Institute for Gifted Youths in Doomstadt, discover that the school's annual "final exams" are actually fatal. They escape but are chased down by senior student Bucky Barnes, under orders from school headmaster Valeria Von Doom.
The 'Secret Wars' crossover event series ended with 4 issues with no confirmation on whether or not the Runaways are returning for the All-New, All-Different Marvel event after Secret Wars.
The new team includes alternate versions of Marvel heroes such as:
- Amadeus Cho of the Warzone, supposedly the brains of the group, as he can rig into computers and Doombots. He slightly admires Delphyne Gorgon.
- Cloak and Dagger of Arachnia, Tyrone is Dagger and Tandy is Cloak. The pair are siblings.
- Delphyne Gorgon of Arcadia, another member of the Night Witches. She loses an arm during the story.
- Frostbite (Sanna Strand) of Killville, a tough female who always sticks to the rules. She strongly dislikes Jubilee.
- Jubilee of Limbo, a member of a gang-type group called the Night Witches. However, it is not confirmed whether she is a vampire or not.
- Molly Hayes of the Kingdom of Manhattan, the only original Runaways character to appear.
- Pixie (Megan Gwynn) of Mutopia, the third member of Night Witches. Currently deceased.
- Skarr of Greenland, the Hulk of the group and Cho's bodyguard.
In addition to the three volumes of The Runaways, the group has appeared in two miniseries related to the intracompany crossovers "Civil War" (2006), which occurs between issues 21 & 22 of volume 2, and "Secret Invasion" (2008) which occurs between volumes 2 & 3.
Runaways has been collected in several volumes, in several formats.
|Title||Material Collected||Format||Date Published||ISBN|
|Runaways vol. 1: Pride & Joy||Runaways vol. 1 #1-6||Digest||April 14, 2004||ISBN 0-7851-1379-7|
|Hardcover||December 31, 2008||ISBN 978-0-7851-3558-6|
|Trade Paperback||August 26, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3470-1|
|Runaways vol. 2: Teenage Wasteland||Runaways vol. 1 #7-12||Digest||November 1, 2004||ISBN 0-7851-1415-7|
|Hardcover||July 8, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3973-7|
|Trade Paperback||October 14, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-4075-7|
|Runaways vol. 3: The Good Die Young||Runaways vol. 1 #13-18||Digest||February 16, 2005||ISBN 0-7851-1684-2|
|Hardcover||September 10, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3672-9|
|Trade Paperback||December 9, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3673-6|
|Runaways vol. 4: True Believers||Runaways vol. 2 #1-6||Digest||October 12, 2005||ISBN 0-7851-1705-9|
|Hardcover||December 23, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-4144-0|
|Trade Paperback||April 14, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4145-7|
|Runaways vol. 5: Escape to New York||Runaways vol. 2 #7-12||Digest||April 5, 2006||ISBN 978-0-7851-1901-2|
|Hardcover||January 13, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4146-4|
|Trade Paperback||May 12, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4147-1|
|Runaways vol. 6: Parental Guidance||Runaways vol. 2 #13-18||Digest||October 25, 2006||ISBN 0-7851-1952-3|
|Hardcover||March 10, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4149-5|
|Trade Paperback||July 14, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4150-1|
|Runaways vol. 7: Live Fast||Runaways vol. 2 #19-24||Digest||April 25, 2007||ISBN 0-7851-2267-2|
|Hardcover||May 26, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4154-9|
|Trade Paperback||September 9, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4155-6|
|Runaways vol. 8: Dead End Kids||Runaways vol. 2 #25-30||Digest||June 10, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-2389-7|
|Hardcover||July 9, 2008||ISBN 978-0-7851-2853-3|
|Trade Paperback||December 31, 2008||ISBN 978-0-7851-3459-6|
|Runaways, vol. 9: Dead Wrong||Runaways vol. 3 #1-6||Digest||October 21, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-4119-8|
|Hardcover||March 11, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-2939-4|
|Trade Paperback||June 10, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-2940-0|
|Runaways, vol. 10: Rock Zombies||Runaways vol. 3 #7-10||Digest||April 21, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-3315-5|
|Hardcover||July 1, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3156-4|
|Trade Paperback||October 21, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-4074-0|
|Runaways, vol. 11: Homeschooling||Runaways vol. 3 #11-14;
What If The Runaways Became the Young Avengers?
|Digest||September 8, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4085-6|
|Hardcover||November 18, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-4037-5|
|Trade Paperback||March 24, 2010||ISBN 978-0-7851-4039-9|
|Civil War: Young Avengers/Runaways||Civil War: Young Avengers/Runaways #1-4||Trade Paperback||May 2, 2007||ISBN 978-0-7851-2317-0|
|Secret Invasion: Runaways/Young Avengers||Secret Invasion: Runaways/Young Avengers #1-3||Trade Paperback||February 25, 2009||ISBN 978-0-7851-3266-0|
|Battleworld: Runaways||Battleworld: Runaways #1-4||Trade Paperback||December 24, 2015||ISBN 978-0-7851-9882-6|
Runaways has also been collected in the following oversized hardcovers:
|Title||Material collected||Date Published||ISBN|
|Runaways, Vol. 1||Runaways vol. 1 #1-18||January 18, 2006||ISBN 0-7851-1876-4|
|Runaways, Vol. 2||Runaways vol. 2 #1-12, X-Men/Runaways: FCBD||December 6, 2006||ISBN 0-7851-2358-X|
|Runaways, Vol. 3||Runaways vol. 2 #13-24||May 16, 2007||ISBN 0-7851-2539-6|
Since 2014, Runaways had been collected in The Complete Collection:
|Title||Material collected||Date Published||ISBN|
|Runaways: The Complete Collection Volume 1||Runaways vol. 1 #1-18||August 12, 2014||ISBN 978-0-7851-8558-1|
|Runaways: The Complete Collection Volume 2||Runaways vol. 2 #1-18, X-Men/Runaways: FCBD||December 2, 2014||ISBN 978-0-7851-8784-4|
|Runaways: The Complete Collection Volume 3||Civil War: Young Avengers And Runaways #1-4, Runaways vol. 2 #19-30, Runaways Saga, Secret Invasion: Runaways/Young Avengers #1-3||March 17, 2015||ISBN 978-0-7851-8917-6|
|Runaways: The Complete Collection Volume 4||Mystic Arcana: Sister Grimm, Runaways vol. 3 #1-14, Breaking Into Comics The Marvel Way, What if the Runaways became the Young Avengers||July 14, 2015||ISBN 978-0-7851-8905-3|
- In 2005, Brian K. Vaughan won an Eisner Award for Runaways.
- In 2006, the series won a Harvey Award for Best Continuing or Limited Series.
- In 2006, the series won a Top Library Award.
- In 2006, Runaways' hardcover version listed on the 2006 American Library Association's YALSA Top Ten Books for Young Adults. It was the only graphic novel to make the list.
- In 2006, the series was also nominated for a Shuster Award.
- In 2007, the series was nominated for the prestigious Georgia Peach Award.
- In 2007, artist creator Adrian Alphona was nominated for another Shuster Award for Runaways vol. 2 #12-18, 22.
- In 2009, Runaways: Dead End Kids hardcover version was listed on the 2009 American Library Association's YALSA Top Ten Books for Young Adults.
- In 2009, cover artist Jo Chen was nominated for an Eisner Award for her work on Runaways.
In other media
In May 2008, a film version of the comic was in the scripting process, with Brian K. Vaughan writing and Kevin Feige, Marvel Studios President of Production, producing. Feige has said, "In our discussions with Brian, we wanted him to be the person to bring it to life. I think it won't be a precise story line of any [of his comics], but certainly it will be most similar to the tone or origins of his structure in its initial run". A 2011 release was considered, as Feige had expected a finished script in early 2009. In April 2010, Peter Sollett emerged as the front runner to direct the movie. In May 2010, British screenwriter Drew Pearce, known for the TV series No Heroics, was reported to be writing the film for Marvel Studios. In July 2010, it was reported that filming would begin sometime between March - July 2011. On August 5, 2010, preliminary casting for the film began.
In October 2010, production plans were halted due to Marvel focusing on The Avengers. It was hoped for that the film would be scheduled for release sometime in 2014, but the only two releases that year were, Captain America: The Winter Soldier and Guardians of the Galaxy. In March 2013, Kevin Feige said during an interview that they elected not to make the film, but that Drew Pearce had been reassigned to Iron Man 3 on the strength of his Runaways script. Marvel Studios are developing Blade, Ms. Marvel, Iron Fist, Black Panther, Runaways and Doctor Strange films. On September 24, 2013, Pearce revealed that the film is currently shelved due to the success of The Avengers, but also suggested it could see a release at some point in the future.
While talking about All Hail the King, Pearce revealed he had been thinking about the possibility of Runaways being adapted as a TV series. In August 2016, Hulu ordered a pilot along with additional scripts for a Runaways TV series written by Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage.
Nico Minoru, Karolina Dean, Victor Mancha, Chase Stein (alongside Old Lace) and Molly Hayes appear as playable characters Playdom's Marvel: Avengers Alliance. Chase also appears as an unlockable playable character in Lego Marvel's Avengers.
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- "Psych Ward: Runaways". Marvel.com. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-03-02.
- Avengers A.I. #1
- Avengers Arena #1
- Avengers Undercover #1
- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Adrian Alphona (p), David Newbold and Craig Yeung (i). "Pride and Joy" Runaways 1 (February 2003), Marvel Comics
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- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Adrian Alphona (p), Craig Yeung (i). "Parental Guidance" Runaways v2, 16 (June 2006), Marvel Comics
- George, Richard (2007-02-27). "It's the end of an era. Do Brian K. Vaughan and Adrian Alphona finish on a strong note?". Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- "Civil War: Young Avengers/Runaways reviews". Anime Online. 2008-02-02. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- George, Richard (2007-04-03). "Joss Whedon ushers in a new era". IGN. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- Crown, Daniel (2008-06-25). "Whedon's run finally ends". IGN. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- George, Richard (2008-03-13). "Exclusive Secret Invasion: Runaways/Young Avengers Interview". IGN. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Phegley, Kiel (2008-07-15). "The incoming writer of Spider-Man Loves Mary Jane and Runaways dishes on how to craft a perfect teenage tale". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- "Comic Vine Interviews Terry Moore". Retrieved 2008-11-30.
|last1=in Authors list (help)
- Richards, Dave (2011-10-16). "NYCC: Gage Offers the Runaways Shelter at "Avengers Academy"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
- Avengers Undercover #1
- Avengers Undercover #10
- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Adrian Alphona (p), David Newbold and Craig Yeung (i). "Pride and Joy" Runaways 6 (September 2003), Marvel Comics
- Runaways: Volume 1, #18
- Runaways: Volume 2, #14
- Runaways: Volume 2, #2
- Runaways: Volume 2, #30
- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Adrian Alphona (p), David Newbold and Craig Yeung (i). "Pride and Joy" Runaways 7 (August 2003), Marvel Comics
- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Adrian Alphona (p), David Newbold and Craig Yeung (i). "Pride and Joy" Runaways 8 (September 2003), Marvel Comics
- Runaways: Volume 2, #1
- Runaways: Volume 2, #26
- Runaways: Volume 2, #23
- Runaways: Volume 2, #7
- "Sister Grimm on Mystic Arcana". Retrieved 2009-01-18.
- Mystic Arcana: Sister Grimm #1 (Jan 2008), page 2
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|last1=in Authors list (help)
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- Runaways (vol. 1) at the Grand Comics Database
- Runaways (vol. 1) at the Comic Book DB
- Runaways (vol. 2) at the Grand Comics Database
- Runaways (vol. 2) at the Comic Book DB
- Runaways (vol. 3) at the Grand Comics Database
- Runaways (vol. 3) at the Comic Book DB
- X-Men/Runaways at the Grand Comics Database
- X-Men/Runaways at the Comic Book DB
- Civil War: Young Avengers & Runaways at the Grand Comics Database
- Civil War: Young Avengers & Runaways at the Comic Book DB
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