List of English-language broadcasters for Nazi Germany

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Rundfunkhaus was a radio station based in Berlin. It was used for broadcasting Nazi propaganda by the Ministry of Propaganda.

Broadcasters included: -

No. Name Previous Occupation Details Prosecution Alias/ Pseudonym/ Nickname
1 John Amery film producer Death sentence at the Central Criminal Court for high treason
2 Norman Baillie-Stewart soldier (former) - subaltern in the Seaforth Highlanders[1] Five years' penal servitude at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations "Sinister Sam" (possibly)[2]
3 Leonard Banning teacher in Germany at the outbreak of war Ten years[3] "John Brown" and "William Brown"
4 Margaret Frances Bothamley "member of the Ealing Branch of the pre-war pro-Nazi group The Link 'She ... stayed [in Germany in September 1939], broadcasting Nazi propaganda alongside William Joyce.'[4][5] 'She was tried in March 1946 but, unlike Joyce, she was only handed down a year's imprisonment.[6]
Depositions - CRIM 1/1763
4A Edward Salvin Bowlby Living in Budapest at the outbreak of war, where he hoped to start at language school Home Office file HO 45/25789 Dominions Office file - DO 130/74 [7] Not prosecuted - partly because he had been born in Ireland Broadcast under his own name
5 Elsa Gertrude Brietzmann Dual national - British and German - lived in Germany from 1923 [8] Bound over for two years at the Central Criminal Court
Depositions - CRIM 1/1764
6 Arthur Chapple soldier - Sergeant in the Royal Army Service Corps - mobilised Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes manager.[9] One of a group of 'Service renegades [who had] been employed in editing, writing scripts, and broadcasting for the enemy, and in certain cases the same men [were] also employed in journalism.[10] The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/443 15 years' imprisonment, which was later reduced to 10 years
National Archives Court-martial papers - WO 71/1133
"Lang"
7 James Royston Clark schoolboy [11] Bound over for two years at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations
Depositions - CRIM 1/1736
8 William Colledge alias Winter soldier - member of the North Somerset Yeomanry 'continued to broadcast until 1943.'[12] Special Investigation Branch, Royal Air Force - Statement of Activities National Archives Court-martial papers - WO 71/1131 - penal servitude for life "Winter"
8A Roderick Anton Eduard Dietze broadcaster born in Glasgow of a mixed German-British-Hungarian family background,[13] - "son of a German father and Scottish mother ... in the early 1930's he became the BBC's commentator in Berlin"[14] The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/428 "in view of his nationality, it was decided not to prosecute him as a renegade"
8B Patrick Joseph Dillon Merchant Seaman - Fireman on SS Brisbane - "taken prisoner in 1940 after his ship was sunk" Home Office file - HO 45/25815
The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/434 - 436 -
Ten years' penal servitude at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations[15] Depositions - CRIM 1/1732 "Patrick Callaghan"[16]
9 Frances Dorothy Eckersley wife of Edward Clark [17] One year's hard labour at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations
Depositions - CRIM 1/1736
10 Benson Railton Metcalf Freeman RAF flying officer - No. 16 Squadron RAF Also served in the SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers[18] The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/631 Ten years penal servitude and cashiered
National Archives Court-martial papers - AIR 18/27
N/A - scriptwriter
10A Charles Patrick Gilbert Moved to Germany from the Channel Islands in 1940 Home Office - HO 45/25833 The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/442 Nine months' prison sentence[19] - Depositions - CRIM 1/1783 "Kenneth James"
11 Donald Alexander Fraser Grant travelling salesman - on an exchange trip when war broke out The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/424 - 425[20] Six months imprisonment[21] - Depositions - CRIM 1/1833

"Jock Palmer"

12 William Humphrey Griffiths soldier - Guardsman in the Welsh Guards One of a group of 'Service renegades [who had] been employed in editing, writing scripts, and broadcasting for the enemy, and in certain cases the same men [were] also employed in journalism.[22][23] Seven years penal servitude
National Archives Court-martial papers - WO 71/1110
12A Gerald Percy Sandys Hewitt teacher of languages a British citizen who lived most of his life in Paris and had been associated with Action Française.[24] The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/426 - 427 Twelve years penal servitude at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations[25] Depositions - CRIM 1/1658 "Smith"
13 Susan Dorothea Mary Therese Hilton "member pre-war of the British Union of Fascists, she was twice shipwrecked before detention in France in Autumn, 1940." Worked in Irland-Redaktion. The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/423 - "Soon released, she worked for the German propaganda service as a broadcaster and scriptwriter until 1943, when she moved to Austria. Interned in August 1944 at her own request" 18 months' imprisonment for aiding the enemy
Depositions - CRIM 1/1745
14 Cyril Charles Hoskins soldier - King’s Royal Rifle Corps The principal speaker and writer of the ‘Christian Peace Movement’. This purported to be the output of an underground organization of pacifists agitating against British involvement in an immoral war.[26]
15 Raymond Davies Hughes RAF warrant officer - Air gunner "he was shot down over Germany and imprisoned. He aided the enemy in various ways including broadcasting propaganda." - see The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/262 and KV 2/263[27]National Archives - German documents - AIR 40/2298 "In 1945 he was court martialled, sentenced to 5 years imprisonment and reduced to the ranks."
National Archives Court-martial papers - AIR 18/26
"John Baker", "George Becker", "Raymond Sharples"
16 Reginald Arthur Humphries teacher in Germany at the outbreak of war (acording to his The National Archives Security Service file) or seaman on HMS Royal Arthur (shore establishment), Skegness "he was interned and made broadcasts from Germany from 1943 onwards under the names, 'Father Donovan' and 'Jeffries'." - see The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/258 and Home Office file HO 45/25796 [28][29][30] Five years' penal servitude at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations Depositions - CRIM 1/1739 "Father Donovan"
17 Lewis Barrington (Barry) Payne Jones See An Illustrated Dictionary of the Third Reich, by Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage, P 141 Home Office file HO 45/25786 The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/632 to 633 "After his arrest in April 1945 he claimed to have adopted German nationality in 1939 and he was therefore not prosecuted"
17A Margaret Joyce Wife of William Joyce The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/253 Not prosecuted - naturalised as a German citizen in 1940[31] Broadcast under her real name from 1942[32]
18 William Joyce Director of Propaganda of the British Union of Fascists Death sentence at the Central Criminal Court for high treason "Lord Haw-Haw"
18A Kenneth Vincent Lander teacher at Hermann Lietz Schule, Schloss Bieberstein, near Fulda, Germany at the outbreak of war Home Office file - HO 45/25827 - broadcast for the New British Broadcasting Service 'let go with a warning as to [his] future conduct.[33]
19 John Lingshaw Salvation Army social worker on Jersey Five years' penal servitude at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations[34] Depositions - CRIM 1/1759
20 Francis Paul Maton soldier - Corporal in the Royal Artillery The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/264 Court martialled in 1945, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment for voluntarily aiding the enemy.[35]
National Archives Court-martial papers - WO 71/1117
21 Martin James Monti United States Army Air Force pilot 25 years in prison at Brooklyn Federal Court for treason.[36] - paroled 1960
22 Professor de:Ludwig Mühlhausen Professor of Celtic languages at Frederick William University, Berlin
22A Liam Mullally [37] Not prosecuted - Irish citizen
23 John O'Reilly Irish seasonal worker stranded on Jersey[38] Irish section of German radio - Irland-Redaktion[39] Taken into Garda Síochána custody on 17 December 1943 - 'effectively interned' ...in the military prison at Arbour Hill in Dublin ... until the end of the war[40] "Pat O'Brien", then under his own name
23A William James Edward Percival Air correspondent - travelled to Berlin and Cologne in late August 1939 to write on German avaiation industry The National Archives Security Service file KV 2/429 - Home Office file - HO 45/25781
23B Ralph Powell Teacher (language) in the Netherlands Translator and newsreader in the German Foreign Ministry Not prosecuted - "claimed that he was forced to work for the Nazis by threats of reprisals against his German wife's family"[41]
23C Suzanne Louise Provost-Booth Was living in France when it was overrun by the Germans in 1940 Home Office file - HO 45/25806[42] "Mrs Evans"
24 Roy Walter Purdy Merchant Navy officer, serving as a sub lieutenant in the Royal Navy on anemergency commission[43] propaganda broadcaster and informer at Colditz "reprieved on the grounds that [he] had been [a follower] in treason rather than [a leader] ... released from prison ... in December 1954"[44] - died in 1982.[45] Security Service files on him are held by the National Archives under references KV 2/259 to KV 2/261. Death sentence at the Central Criminal Court for high treason
Depositions - CRIM 1/1738
(1946) 10 JCL 182 - reprieved
Central Criminal Court- Pardon - released 1954
"Pointer"
25 Ronald Spillman soldier - lance-corporal One of a group of 'Service renegades [who had] been employed in editing, writing scripts, and broadcasting for the enemy, and in certain cases the same men [were] also employed in journalism.[46][47] The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/437 to KV 2/438 Seven years penal servitude
National Archives Court-martial papers - WO 71/1112
26 Vivian Stranders RAF Captain (permission to retain rank withdrawn, 1933)[48]
previously Lieutenant, Kent Fortress Royal Engineers,[49] (deprived of rank of lieutenant, 1933)[50]
"broadcast on the English Section"[51] Not prosecuted - had been naturalized as a German citizen in 1933[52]
26A Francis Stuart Lecturer in English and Irish literature at Berlin University Not prosecuted - Irish citizen
27 Jack Trevor (né Anthony Cedric Sebastian Steane) actor R v Steane
The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/622 to 624
Three years’ imprisonment[53] but the sentence was quashed on appeal as he was held to be acting under duress.
28 Pearl Vardon teacher on Jersey Nine months imprisonment at the Central Criminal Court for offences under the Defence Regulations - Depositions - CRIM 1/1761
28A John Alexander Ward translator in Frankfurt Home Office file HO 45/25826 - 'employed in various duties by German radio' "gave 'defeatist' talks"[54] "Private Donald Hodgson" of 3rd Battalion, the Gloucestershire Regiment (his former army unit).
29 Henry William Wicks "[H]e went to Germany with his family in 1939 before war was declared and refused to return. Interned from July 1940 to November 1942, he was released and worked for German Radio in 1943-1944." - see The National Archives Security Service files KV 2/418 to KV 2/422. "Sentenced in 1945 to four years' imprisonment for acts likely to assist the enemy, his appeal against conviction and sentence was dismissed." - Depositions - CRIM 1/1767
30 P. G. Wodehouse author Not prosecuted[55][56] Broadcast under his own name

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 33462". The London Gazette. 1 February 1929. p. 772. 
  2. ^ Nazi Wireless Propaganda: Lord Haw-Haw and British Public Opinion in the Second World War, Edinburgh University Press, 2000, page 13
  3. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 216
  4. ^ State secrets
  5. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P74-5
  6. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P181
  7. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, PP 93-4, 209-10
  8. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P181
  9. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 1936). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  10. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 3649-3661). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  11. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P184
  12. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 891-892). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  13. ^ Doherty, M. A (2000). "Organisation of Nazi Wireless Propaganda". Nazi wireless propaganda: Lord Haw-Haw and British public opinion in the Second World War. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-7486-1363-3. 
  14. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 50
  15. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, PP 183-4
  16. ^ Bulloch, John (1966). Akin to Treason. London: Arthur Barker Limited. pp. 60–61. 
  17. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P184
  18. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P184
  19. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 216
  20. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, pp. 89-90
  21. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 216
  22. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 3649-3661). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  23. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P185
  24. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, pp. 83-84
  25. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, PP 185-6
  26. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 893-895). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  27. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P186
  28. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P186
  29. ^ "Aiding Enemy Charges." Times, London, England, 2 Nov. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
  30. ^ "Committals On Charges Of Aiding Enemy." Times, London, England, 15 Nov. 1945: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.
  31. ^ Farndale, Nigel (9 May 2005). "Love and treachery". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  32. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P76
  33. ^ Weale, Adrian. Renegades (Kindle Location 3381). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  34. ^ "FOREMAN HELPED ENEMY", The Advocate, March 2, 1946, retrieved 2012-12-31 
  35. ^ KV 2/264
  36. ^ "Ex-Flier Confesses 21 Acts of Treason". New York Times. January 18, 1949. Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  37. ^ O'Reilly, Terence Hitler's Irishmen, pages 115-7 - 2008 ISBN 1-85635-589-6
  38. ^ O'Reilly, Terence Hitler's Irishmen, page 55 - 2008 ISBN 1-85635-589-6
  39. ^ O'Reilly, Terence Hitler's Irishmen, page 82 - 2008 ISBN 1-85635-589-6
  40. ^ O'Reilly, Terence Hitler's Irishmen, pages 176, 179, 181 - 2008 ISBN 1-85635-589-6
  41. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, PP 82, 219
  42. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P74-5
  43. ^ Weale, Adrian. Renegades (Kindle Location 936). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  44. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Location 3356). Random House. Kindle Edition
  45. ^ Walters, Guy (22 March 2010). "Hitler's British SS". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  46. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Locations 3649-3661). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  47. ^ The Trial of William Joyce, P189
  48. ^ London Gazette, 5 September 1933, Page 5803, Issue 33975
  49. ^ London Gazette, 19 September 1913, Page 6633, Issue 28757
  50. ^ London Gazette, 11 August 1933, Page 5349, Issue 33968
  51. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 73
  52. ^ Weale, Adrian (2014-11-12). Renegades (Kindle Location 2510). Random House. Kindle Edition.
  53. ^ Trow, M. J. (2008). War Crimes. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 978-1-84415-728-0. 
  54. ^ Sean Murphy, Letting the Side Down: British Traitors of the Second World War, Stroud, 2006, P 83
  55. ^ Phelps, Barry (1992). P.G. Wodehouse: Man and Myth. London: Constable. ISBN 978-0-09-471620-9.  p. 220
  56. ^ McCrum, Robert (2004). Wodehouse: A Life. London: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-89692-9.  p. 346