Rungrado 1st of May Stadium
|Full name||The Rungrado 1st of May Stadium Pyongyang|
|Location||Rungra Island, Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Field size||Main pitch – 22,500 m²|
Total floor space – over 207,000 m²
|Opened||1 May 1989|
|North Korea national football team|
North Korea women's national football team
April 25 Sports Club
|Rungrado 1st of May Stadium|
|Revised Romanization||Neungnado 5(o)-wol 1(ir)-il Gyeonggijang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Rŭngrado Owŏl Iril Kyŏnggijang|
The Rungrado 1st of May Stadium, also known as the May Day Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Rungra Island, Pyongyang, North Korea which was opened on 1 May 1989. Its first major event was the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students. It is the largest stadium in the world, with a total capacity of approximately 114,000. The site occupies an area of 20.7 hectares (51 acres). It is commonly confused with the nearby 50,000 capacity Kim Il-sung Stadium due to proximity, but possesses unique size and seating capacities which provide distinction.
It is currently used for football matches, a few athletics events, but most often for the mass games of the Arirang Festival. Officially by North Korean claims the stadium supposedly has a capacity of 150,000 people, but the real capacity is under 114,000. Even the lower actual capacity ranks first on the list of largest stadiums by capacity in the world.
It hosts events on a main pitch sprawling across over 22,500 m² (242,200 ft²). Its total floor space is over 207,000 m² (2.2 million ft²) across eight stories, and the lobes of its roof peak at more than 60 m (197 ft) from the ground.
After the 1988 Summer Olympics had been awarded to Seoul, North Korea doubled down its efforts to present itself as the legitimate Korean state. As part of these efforts, it successfully bid to organize the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in Pyongyang in 1989. Massive construction projects were initiated in preparation for the festival, one of which was the Rungrado 1st of May Stadium. At the time of completion, it was the largest stadium ever built in Asia.
While the stadium is used for sporting events, it is most famous as the site of massive performances and shows celebrating Kim Il-sung and the North Korean nation. In June–July 2002 it was the site of a large choreographed "Arirang Festival" gymnastic and artistic performance. The extravaganza involved for the first time some 100,000+ participants—double the number of spectators, and was open to foreigners. These performances are now an annual feature in Pyongyang, usually in August and September. The event in 2007 was recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest gymnastic display with 100,090 participants.
In 2000 Kim Jong-il entertained Madeleine Albright, the United States Secretary of State under President Bill Clinton. Collision in Korea was the largest professional wrestling pay-per-view event ever that was jointly produced by World Championship Wrestling and New Japan Pro-Wrestling. It took place over a period of two days on April 28 and 29, 1995 at the stadium and had an attendance of 150,000 and 190,000 according to local authorities. It did not air in North America until August 4, 1995. American wrestling journalist Dave Meltzer has claimed that the actual combined attendance for the two-day-event was somewhere around 160,000 total.
After a two-year renovation project, the stadium reopened in 2015.
In the September 2018 inter-Korean summit in Pyongyang, President Moon Jae-in of South Korea gave a speech with Chairman Kim Jong-un to 150,000[dubious ] North Korean spectators. The speech has themes of unification, peace, and cooperation.
- Opening and closing ceremonies of the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in 1989
- Collision in Korea professional wrestling event in 1995
- 2018 Inter-Korean Summit Pyeongyang
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