Rungrado 1st of May Stadium
|Full name||The Rungrado 1st of May Stadium Pyongyang|
|Former names||Rungrado May Day Stadium|
|Location||Rungra Island, Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Capacity||c. 150,000 (official)|
114,000 (estimate after 2014 renovation)
|Field size||Main pitch – 22,500 m2 (242,000 sq ft)|
Total floor space – over 207,000 m2 (2,230,000 sq ft)
|Opened||1 May 1989|
|North Korea national football team|
North Korea women's national football team
April 25 Sports Club
|Rungrado 1st of May Stadium|
|Revised Romanization||Neungnado 5(o)-wol 1(ir)-il Gyeonggijang|
|McCune–Reischauer||Rŭngrado Owŏl Iril Kyŏnggijang|
The Rungrado 1st of May Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium on Rungra Island, Pyongyang, North Korea. It opened on 1 May 1989, with its first major event being the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students. It is the largest stadium in the world by seating capacity. The site occupies an area of 20.7 hectares (51 acres).
The stadium's scalloped roof features 16 arches arranged in a ring, and resembles a magnolia blossom. It hosts events on a main pitch covering 22,500 m2 (242,000 sq ft). Its total floor space is over 207,000 m2 (2,230,000 sq ft) across eight stories, and the lobes of its roof peak at more than 60 m (200 ft) above the ground. The stadium was originally built with an official capacity of 150,000. After a 2014 remodel which included the replacement of some bench seating with individual seats, observers estimated a new capacity of approximately 114,000.
After the 1988 Summer Olympics had been awarded to Seoul, North Korea doubled down its efforts to present itself as the legitimate Korean state. As part of these efforts, it successfully bid to organize the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in Pyongyang in 1989. Massive construction projects were initiated in preparation for the festival, one of which was the Rungrado 1st of May Stadium. At the time of completion, it was the largest stadium ever built in Asia.
While the stadium is used for sporting events, it is more frequently the site of massive performances and shows celebrating President Kim Il-sung and the North Korean nation. In June–July 2002, it was the site of the giant Arirang Festival gymnastic and artistic performance. The extravaganza involved over 100,000 participants— double the number of spectators, and was open to foreigners. These performances are now an annual feature in Pyongyang, usually in August and September. The event was recognized by the Guinness Book of Records in 2007 as the largest gymnastics display ever, with 100,090 participants.
Collision in Korea, the largest professional wrestling pay-per-view event ever, was held at Rungrado Stadium on April 28-29, 1995. Attendance was 150,000 and 190,000, respectively, according to local authorities.
In the September 2018 inter-Korean summit in Pyongyang, President Moon Jae-in of South Korea gave a speech with Chairman Kim Jong-un to 150,000 North Korean spectators. The speech has themes of unification, peace, and cooperation.
In July 2019, Kim Jong-un hosted Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping to a special Grand Mass Gymnastics and Artistic performance called "Invincible Socialism", on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of China–North Korea relations.
- Opening and closing ceremonies of the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in 1989
- Collision in Korea professional wrestling event in 1995
- 2018 Inter-Korean Summit Pyeongyang
- "North Korea: Rungrado May Day to undergo thorough revamp". Stadium DB. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- "North Korea: Kim's shrinking pride". stadiumdb. Retrieved 2020-12-22.
- "Rungrado 1st of May Stadium – Football Stadium". Football-Lineups. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
- "World's Largest Stadia In North Korea, USA That Can Rival Gujarat's Motera Stadium". Economic Times of India. Retrieved 2020-12-22.
- Cha, Victor (2012). The Impossible State: North Korea, Past and Future. London: Random House. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4481-3958-3.
- Watts, Jonathan (17 May 2002). "Despair, hunger and defiance at the heart of the greatest show on earth". The Guardian. London.
- "16 PPVs NOT On The WWE Network – Page 5". Whatculture.com. 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
- "Schedule & Results". Asian Football Confederation. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- on YouTube published Sep 19, 2018 Arirang News
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