Rupandehi District

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Rupandehī Jillā
रुपन्देही जिल्ला
District
Lumbini Temple (Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha)
Lumbini Temple (Birthplace of Lord Gautam Buddha)
Location of Rupandehi
Location of Rupandehi
Country Nepal
Region Western (Pashchimanchal)
Zone Lumbini
Headquarters Siddharthanagar
Area
 • Total 1,360 km2 (530 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 880,196[1]
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Nepali, Awadhi

Rupandehi District(Nepali: रुपन्देही जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen , a part of Province No. 5, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal and covers an area of 1,360 km².[2] The district headquarter is Siddharthanagar. As per the national census 2011, the population of Rupandehi was 880,196.[3]

Etymology[edit]

Rupandehi is named after Rupadevi, the queen of King Suddhodana.[4]

History[edit]

Lumbini, birthplace of Lord Buddha, lies in Rupandehi district. Devdaha, the birthplace of Mayadevi (mother of Lord Buddha) also lies in Rupandehi district.

Population of Rupandehi district[edit]

At the time of 2011 A.D National population and Housing census 2011 was reported that total population of Rupandehi district was 880,196 . and Male=432,193 and Female=448,003 and total household was 163,916 . Data Sourece: Central bureau of statistics kathmandu, government of Nepal .

Administrative Divisions[edit]

The district is divided into seven election constituencies area, 17 Ilaka, 48 VDCs, 5 municipalities and 1 Sub-Metropolitan City.[5]

District Map
Municipalities and VDCs in Rupandehi[6]
Sr. No. Name Division Household Population
1 Butwal Sub-Metropolitan City 29,662 118,462
2 Devadaha Municipality 9567 42953
3 Lumbini Sanskritik Municipality 8331 61157
4 Sainamaina Municipality 10.073 45,178
5 Siddharthanagar Municipality 12,497 63,483
6 Tilottama Municipality 19679 89815
7 Aama VDC 1615 11340
8 Paschim Amuwa VDC 2192 11231
9 Asuraina VDC 1051 7249
10 Bagaha VDC 707 5228
11 Bagauli VDC 1429 9780
12 Bairghat VDC 742 6058
13 Basantapur VDC 1205 8163
14 Betakuiya VDC 713 5046
15 Bishnupura VDC 2231 14390
16 Bodawar VDC 1277 8460
17 Bogadi VDC 1473 10634
18 Chippagadh VDC 858 5221
19 Chhotaki Ramnagar VDC 873 5352
20 Chilhiya VDC 960 5514
21 Dayanagar VDC 1769 9229
22 Dhakadahi VDC 1104 6965
23 Dhamauli VDC 840 6285
24 Pharena VDC 635 4387
25 Gajedi VDC 2517 12423
26 Gonaha VDC 1944 13760
27 Harnaiya VDC 746 4858
28 Hati Bangai VDC 1247 7954
29 Hati Pharsatikar VDC 805 4929
30 Jogada VDC 892 6102
31 Kamahariya VDC 2779 19157
32 Karauta VDC 1487 11459
33 Khadawa Bangai VDC 1555 8746
34 Mainahiya VDC 1125 7634
35 Majhagawa VDC 851 5606
36 Manmateriya VDC 1450 9446
37 Manpakadi VDC 1148 6783
38 Maryadapur VDC 819 5663
39 Motipur VDC 2259 10198
40 Padsari VDC 1988 10039
41 Pajarkatti VDC 776 5081
42 Sakraun Pakadi VDC 731 5528
43 Patakhauli VDC 916 5708
44 Pokharvindi VDC 935 6220
45 Rayapur VDC 1568 11834
46 Roinihawa VDC 642 5399
47 Rudrapur VDC 4567 20649
48 Sadi VDC 950 6300
49 Saljhandi VDC 2319 10644
50 Semara Marchawar VDC 972 7946
51 Semlar VDC 2176 10082
52 Siktahan VDC 1843 10570
53 Silautiya VDC 1294 9216
54 Sipawa VDC 977 7517
55 Sauraha Pharsatikar VDC 1992 9663
56 Suryapura VDC 3212 20773
57 Tamuhawa Piparhawa VDC 592 4765

Geography[edit]

The district lies on the southern and western part of Nepal. On the East it shares border with Nawalparasi District, on West with Kapilvastu District, on North with Palpa District and on South with India.The elevation of the district lies between 100m to 1229m from sea level. The total area of the district is 1,360 km² with 16.1% in Churia Range and rest in the Terai region.

Major Rivers[edit]

Rupandehi has many rivers all of which flow from Northern mountains towards south into India.

  • Tinu River
  • Kothi River
  • Sukhaira River
  • Bagela River
  • Rohini River
  • Kanchan River
  • Kacharar River
  • Koili River
  • Davav River
  • Danda River
  • Ghodaha

Major Lakes[edit]

  • Gaidahawa lake (Bishnupur)
  • Gajedi lake (Gajedi)
  • Nanda vauju lake (Chilhaiya)
  • Sukaiiya lake

Climate[edit]

Climate Zone[7] Elevation Range  % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft) 89.3%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
10.5%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
 0.2%

Notable events and attractions[edit]

Lumbini[edit]

Birth place of Gautam Buddha

Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.[8] It is granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 1997.[9] Thousands of Buddhist monks, pilgrims and tourists visit Lumbini annually. The ongoing up-gradation of Gautam Buddha Airport into international airport is expected to increase the number of visitors.[10] Mahinda Rajapakshe, President of Sri Lanka is one of the high-profile visitor of Lumbini.[11]

Siddha Baba Mandir[edit]

Siddha Baba Temple

This is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva situated in border between Palpa and Rupandehi.[12] There is a belief that Lord Shiva grants the wishes of the devotees who visit the temple.[13] Interestingly, there are two Siddha Baba Mandir adjacent to each other. One lies within Rupandehi and another in Palpa. Nonetheless, both Mandir are regarded as pilgrimage of equal importance.

Satiya Mai Mandir[edit]

File:Satiyamai.JPG
Satiya Mai Temple

This is a temple dedicated to Devi Satiya situated in Patkhauli VDC, near Rohini Khola In Rupandehi.[14] There is a belief that Real Lady grants the wishes of the devotees who visit the temple.[15] Interestingly, there are A real Maya Devi Mandir and other is modified Temple adjacent to each other. One lies within Rupandehi and another in Palpa. Nonetheless, both Mandir are regarded as pilgrimage of equal importance. Due to the Godes beloved to visitor's in Satiya Ban area. Actually this temple is situated in the middle of Rohini Khola but now River is flowing west of Satiya Devi Temple and Satiya Bagaicha.

Manimukunda Sen Park[edit]

Once a winter palace of King Manimukunda Sen, Manimukunda Sen Park is another major attraction in Rupandehi. The palace is not in shape but the ruins and antiquities of the majestic palace can still be found. It is situated in Butwal City and is popular for the picnic spots, zoo and the gardens inside the park. The greenery and the view of Rupandehi, Palpa and Kapilvastu districts is also another attraction in the park.[16]

Parroha Bol Bam Dham[edit]

It is the oldest Bol Bam Dham (pilgrimage and festival) in Nepal. The pilgrimage is dedicated to Lord Shiva located in Sainamaina Municipality. Thousands of Lord Shiva's devotees from various parts of the country and from neighboring States of India visit to worship the Shivalinga inside the Bol Bam Dham. The major inflow of pilgrims occurs during the Bol Bam. Bol Bam is an annual pilgrimage glorifying the Lord made in Shraavana in which devotees travel barefooted wearing saffron robes in routes to the dham.[17]

Shankar Nagar Ban Bihar and Research Center[edit]

Shankar Nagar Ban Bihar and Research Centre, simply referred as Ban Batika by locals is a popular attraction in Tilottama Municipality. The Centre is maintained inside Shankarnagar Community Forest. It is popular for its picnic spots, zoo and garden.[18]

  • Chanchala Mai Mandir
  • Jitgadhi

Marchwari Devi Temple: Marchwari Devi Temple lies in Bogadi VDC of Rupandehi. It is a historical temple among the 24 previous VDC. The area surrounding this temple (now 18 VDCs) are named after this temple as Marchwar. The local people and peoples from INDIA, Uttar Pradesh visit there on specific occasions to celebrate child birth, engagement and marriage ceremonies. Temple is located in a peaceful area.

Major economic centers[edit]

Major Industries[edit]

Non-profit organisations[edit]

Education[edit]

Rupandehi is renowned at national level on education sector for its infrastructure and achievements.[20] Jilla Shikshya Karyalaya, Rupandehi (District Education Office, Rupandehi) under Ministry of Education manages and govern the education in the district.[21] Currently, it manages 745 educational institutions in the district.[22] As per National Census 2011, the literacy rate of the district is 72%, where male literacy rate is 89% and female literacy rate is 62%.[23] The literacy rate is above the national average.[24] [25] Education is The Destination of Our Dream. By-Dev Dhawal

Transportation[edit]

Siddhartha Highway and Mahendra Highway connects Rupandehi with rest of the country. Gautam Buddha Airport connects Rupandehi with the rest of the country via Airways.[26] It is the only airport in Lumbini.[27] Currently it is under upgradtion to make it an international airport.[28] Late Prime Minister Sushil Koirala laid a foundations stone of the airport on January 15.[29] It is expected to be completed by 2018 with an estimated Budget of Rs 6.22 billion.[30] North-West Civil Aviation Airport Construction Company of China has got responsibility for the construction of the Airport.[31]

West Nepal Bus Entrepreneurs' Association established in 2026 with the approval of District Administration Office is the major provider of transportation services for Rupandehi and the whole country.[32]

Sports[edit]

Cricket and Football are the most popular sports in Rupandehi. Players in Rupandehi compete in domestic cricket tournaments as Region No. 4 Bhairahawa.[33] Shakti Gauchan and Basanta Regmi are leading cricketer from Rupandehi who regularly plays for the National team.[34][35] Rupandehi XI represents Rupandehi in domestic football tournaments.[36] Bimal Gharti Magar, Dipak Chhetri, Pukar Gahatraj, and Pradip Karki are notable footballer from Rupandehi.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Population Census 2011". National Planning Commission Secretariat, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Government of Nepal. September 2011. 
  2. ^ "संक्षिप्त परिचय : रुपन्देही जि.वि.स". ddcrupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  3. ^ "संक्षिप्त परिचय : रुपन्देही जि.वि.स". ddcrupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  4. ^ "संक्षिप्त परिचय : रुपन्देही जि.वि.स". ddcrupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  5. ^ "रुपन्देही जि.वि.स". ddcrupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  6. ^ "National Census 2011 Report" (PDF). 
  7. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 978-87-7903-210-1, retrieved Nov 22, 2013  horizontal tab character in |series= at position 91 (help)
  8. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  9. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  10. ^ Holden, Kevin. "Buddha's birthplace brings light to Nepal". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  11. ^ "| श्रीलङ्काली राष्ट्रपतिद्वारा लुम्बिनीमा मायादेवी मन्दिरको दर्शन र पूजा". www.mechikali.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  12. ^ 99MustSee.com. "Siddha Baba Temple in BUTWAL - Unexplored Attraction in Butwal - Lumbini Nepal". www.99mustsee.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  13. ^ 99MustSee.com. "Siddha Baba Temple in BUTWAL - Unexplored Attraction in Butwal - Lumbini Nepal". www.99mustsee.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  14. ^ Maya devi Temple- Unexplored Attraction in - Nepal http://www.99mustsee.com/Nepal/ Maya devi Temple- Unexplored Attraction in - Nepal Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ 99MustSee.com. "Siddha Baba Temple in BUTWAL - Unexplored Attraction in Butwal - Lumbini Nepal". www.99mustsee.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  16. ^ "Manimukunda sen Park, Butwal". Suggest Nepal | Write a suggestion about any place you have visited in Nepal. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  17. ^ "साउनभर बोलबम धाम – www.ekhabarnepal.com". www.ekhabarnepal.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  18. ^ "Shankarnagar Ban bihar - Butwal Park,Refreshment area, Picnic Spot,". Shankarnagar Ban bihar. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  19. ^ Frist Non-profit Organizations for Farmers Development in Nepal. FSC Rupandehi is described as (Farmers Service Committee, Rupandehi) in Rupandehi Desticis but we registered in more then 11 Desticis in Nepal.
  20. ^ "जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालय रुपन्देही :: District Education Office Rupandehi". deorupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  21. ^ "जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालय रुपन्देही :: District Education Office Rupandehi". deorupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  22. ^ "जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालय रुपन्देही :: District Education Office Rupandehi". deorupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  23. ^ "जिल्ला शिक्षा कार्यालय रुपन्देही :: District Education Office Rupandehi". deorupandehi.gov.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  24. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original on April 18, 2013. 
  25. ^ Education in Rupandehi High rate than National Educational rate of Nepal Government. Primary Education of Rupandehi in Awadhi language.
  26. ^ Administrator. "Airports". www.caanepal.org.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  27. ^ Administrator. "Airports". www.caanepal.org.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  28. ^ REPUBLICA. "My Republica - PM Oli inspects Gautam Buddha Int'l Airport". www.myrepublica.com. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  29. ^ REPUBLICA. "My Republica - PM Oli inspects Gautam Buddha Int'l Airport". www.myrepublica.com. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  30. ^ REPUBLICA. "My Republica - PM Oli inspects Gautam Buddha Int'l Airport". www.myrepublica.com. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  31. ^ REPUBLICA. "My Republica - PM Oli inspects Gautam Buddha Int'l Airport". www.myrepublica.com. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  32. ^ "West Nepal Bus Interpreneurs Association". pnbbs.org.np. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  33. ^ "Cricket Association of Nepal". www.cricketnepal.org. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  34. ^ "Shakti Gauchan". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  35. ^ "Basant Regmi". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  36. ^ "Rupandehi XI stun APF 2-1". kathmandupost.ekantipur.com. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  37. ^ "| रुपन्देही : क्रिकेट उर्वरभूमि". www.mechikali.com. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 
  • Shaha, Rishikesh (1992). Ancient and Medieval Nepal. Manohar Publications, New Delhi. ISBN 978-81-85425-69-6.
  • Shreshta, S.H (2005). Nepal in Maps. Kathmandu: Educational Publishing House. p. 129. 
  • Shreshta, Vinod Prasad (2007). A Concise Geography of Nepal. Kathmandu: Mandal Publications. p. 126. ISBN 978-99946-55-04-5. 
  • Woodhatch, Tom (1999). Nepal handbook. The Royal Palace (Footprint Travel Guides). p. 194. ISBN 978-1-900949-44-6. Retrieved 2009-12-17. 

Coordinates: 27°30′N 83°27′E / 27.500°N 83.450°E / 27.500; 83.450