Chapí was born at Villena, the son of a Valencian barber. He trained in his home town and in Madrid. He wrote many symphonic, band, choral and chamber works, as well as zarzuelas and operas, becoming, alongside Tomás Bretón, a fellow pupil of Emilio Arrieta at the Madrid Conservatory. He was one of the most popular and important composers of his time. He wrote zarzuelas in all shapes and sizes, including the three-act zarzuela grande and the one-act género chico forms. His most celebrated work is La revoltosa, written in the latter style. Many of the preludes to his zarzuelas (including those to El tambor de granaderos and La patria chica) have remained staple items in Spanish orchestral concerts.
He died in Madrid in 1909.
- Sinfonía en Re (Symphony in D) (by 1879)
- Fantasía Morisca (1873/1879)
- Combate de Don Quijote contra las Ovejas – Scherzo (1869)
- 4 string quartets (OCLC 40528116) (in G major, F minor, D major and B minor)
Principal zarzuelas and operas
- Roger de Flor, opera in 3 acts (1878)
- Música clásica, zarzuela in 1 act (1880)
- La serenata, opera in 1 act (1881)
- La tempestad, zarzuela in 3 acts (1882)
- La bruja, zarzuela in 3 acts (1887)
- El milagro de la Virgen, zarzuela in 3 acts (1884)
- El rey que rabió, zarzuela in 3 acts (1891)
- Curro Vargas, zarzuela in 3 acts (1898)
- El tambor de granaderos, zarzuela in 1 act (1894)
- Las bravías, zarzuela in 1 act (1896)
- La revoltosa, zarzuela in 1 act (1897)
- La chavala, zarzuela in 1 act (1898)
- El barquillero, zarzuela in 1 act (1900)
- El puñao de rosas, zarzuela in 1 act (1902)
- La venta de Don Quijote, zarzuela in 1 act (1902)
- Circe, opera in 3 acts (1902)
- La patria chica, zarzuela in 1 act (1907)
- Margarita la tornera, opera in 3 acts (1909)
- Chapí, Ruperto (1999). Ramón Sobrino (ed.). New Edition of Chapí's Symphony (originally published in 1879). Madrid: Instituto Complutense de Ciencias Musicales. ISBN 84-8048-350-4. OCLC 44131003. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
- Barnett, Rob (July 2008). "Review of Recording of Chapí Symphony". Retrieved 27 August 2008.
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