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Description and usage
Riqʿah is the most common type of handwriting in the Arabic script. It is known for its clipped letters composed of short, straight lines and simple curves, as well as its straight and even lines of text. It was probably derived from the Thuluth and Naskh styles.
Unlike other types of calligraphy, riqʿah is not considered as an art form. Instead, it is a functional style of writing that is quick to write and easy to read. Every literate Ottoman was expected to be able to use the riqʿah. 
The demonstration underneath is not typical since it uses full vowels, which are rarely used in handwriting:
1951 (Young Egypt party) Al-Ishtrakeyia Journal
A letter hand written by Jurji Zaydan
Height of the letter Alif
- M. Uğur Derman, Letters in Gold: Ottoman Calligraphy from the Sakıp Sabancı Collection, Istanbul, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1998, p.20
- "Creative Arabic Calligraphy for Beginners: Introduction". EnvatoTuts. 2014-11-10. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
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