Jump to content

Rural Utilities Service

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rural Utilities Service
Agency overview
HeadquartersWashington, DC
Agency executive
Parent departmentUnited States Department of Agriculture
Parent agencyUSDA Rural Development

The United States Rural Utilities Service (RUS) administers programs that provide infrastructure or infrastructure improvements to rural communities. These include water and waste treatment, electric power, and telecommunications services.[2] It is an operating unit of the USDA Rural Development agency of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). It was created in 1935 as the Rural Electrification Administration (REA), a New Deal agency promoting rural electrification.


The RUS administers the following programs:

  • Water and Environmental: provides financial assistance for drinking water, sanitary sewer, solid waste and storm drainage facilities in rural areas and communities with a population of 10,000 or less.[2]
  • Electric Programs: help maintain, expand, upgrade and modernize the rural electric infrastructure. It also supports demand-side management, energy efficiency and conservation programs, and on- and off-grid renewable energy systems.[2]
  • Telecommunications: helps deploy the rural telecommunications infrastructure.[2]

Financial assistance[edit]

A total of 890 rural electric and 800 rural telecommunications utilities in 47 states, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, the Marshall Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the Federated States of Micronesia have received financial assistance. Approximately 7,200 rural communities are served through financial assistance received from water and waste loans and grants.[3]

In 2023, RUS was in charge of the ReConnect Program; this Biden administration program is overseen by the Agriculture Department[4] to expand broadband Internet access to rural parts of America including the Marshall Islands.

Rural Electrification Administration[edit]

One of the posters designed by Lester Beall in the 1930s to promote the Rural Electrification Administration of the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Farmer watching a lineman at work in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin (c. 1936)

RUS originated with the Rural Electrification Administration (REA), one of the agencies created under the New Deal in 1935 to promote rural electrification. The REA was created by executive order on May 11, 1935, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.[5] Enacted the following year, the Rural Electrification Act provided federal loans for the installation of electrical distribution systems to serve rural areas of the United States.

In the 1930s, the U.S. lagged behind Europe in providing electricity to rural areas. In 1934, less than 11% of U.S. farms had electricity. That same year, in France and Germany, nearly 90% of farms had electricity. Backed by the 1936 Rural Electrification Act the REA gave loans and other help to rural organizations setting up their own power systems and was one of the New Deal's most successful programs.[6] By 1937, hundreds of new municipal power utilities were created nationwide. In 1939, 288,000 households had their electricity provided by rural electric cooperatives. Most of these electric co-ops had applied for and received loans from REA. By 1942, nearly 50% of US farms had electricity, and by 1952 almost all US farms had electricity.[7]

In 1949, the REA became authorized to provide loans to rural telephone cooperatives.[8]

Under the Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 the REA was absorbed by the Rural Utilities Service (RUS).[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Andrew Berke". Rural Development Website. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 12 October 2022. Retrieved 12 October 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Rural Utilities Service". USDA. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Rural Utilities Service". Federal Register. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Biden-Harris Administration Announces Nearly $700 Million to Connect People in Remote and Rural Areas to High-Speed Internet | USDA". www.usda.gov.
  5. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Franklin D. Roosevelt: Executive Order 7037 Establishing the Rural Electrification Administration, May 11, 1935". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  6. ^ McChesney, Paul; Podesta, John (2 January 2006). "Let There Be Wi-Fi". Washington Monthly. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  7. ^ FDR: The New Deal Years, 1933–1937, pages 491–92, by Kenneth S. Davis. Published by Random House, 1986
  8. ^ "History of Rural Telecommunications". The Rural Broadband Association. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  9. ^ Laurence Malone (16 March 2008). "Rural Electrification Administration". In Robert Whaples (ed.). EH.Net Encyclopedia. Economic History Association. Retrieved 31 July 2016.

External links[edit]