RŠZ (Phoenician: 𐤓𐤔𐤆) was the Phoenician and Punic name of Cape Corbelin and meant "Cape of the Strong One" or "Cape of the Fort". It was hellenized as Rhousazoûs (Greek: Ῥουσαζοῦς) and latinized variously as Rusazus, Rusazu, Rusazis, Ruseius, and Rusadum.
As to which "Strong One" might have been meant, Lipiński offers that Azeffoun's name itself might be a Berber memory of a Punic toponym honoring Baal Zephon, who was reckoned a patron of maritime trade. He allows, though, that pending the discovery of such an inscription, mere assonance is also possible.
Rusazus was established as a colony along the trade route between the Strait of Gibraltar and Phoenicia. It consisted of a small fortress south of Cape Corbelin. It eventually fell under Carthaginian control, probably during the 6th century BC.
List of bishops
- Idonio, who took part in Huneric's 484 Council of Carthage, after which he was expelled
- Agapito Augusto Fiorentini (1902–1941)
- Juan Tarsicio Senner (1942–1951)
- Joseph Howard Hodges (1952–1962)
- Pavol Mária Hnilica (1964–2006)
- Pascal Jean Marcel Wintzer (2007–2012)
- Georges Abou Khazen (2013–present)
- Huss, Werner (2006), "Rusazus", Brill's New Pauly Encyclopedia of the Ancient World, Leiden: Brill.
- Lipiński, Edward (2004), Itineraria Phoenicia, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, No. 127, Studia Phoenicia, Vol. XVIII, Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters.
- Morcelli, Stephano Antonio (1816), Africa Christiana, Vol. I, Brescia: Betton. (in Latin)
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