Rushcliffe (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Rushcliffe
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rushcliffe in Nottinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Nottinghamshire within England.
County Nottinghamshire
Electorate 73,430 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements West Bridgford
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Kenneth Clarke (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from South Nottinghamshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Rushcliffe is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1970 by Ken Clarke, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was formed by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (for first use during the election that year).

Since 1950 it has been a safe seat for the Conservative Party whose members have held it without marginal majorities except for a four-year period when it was held by Labour from 1966 coinciding with the First Wilson Ministry. Unlike other constituencies nearby, such as Broxtowe and Gedling, which were previously held by the Conservatives, they retained Rushcliffe in the 1997 New Labour landslide. This was at the time attributed in part to its more rural nature, but also to the personal popularity of the incumbent MP, Conservative Kenneth Clarke.[citation needed]

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: Part of the Sessional Division of Nottingham.

1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Beeston, Carlton, and West Bridgford, the Rural Districts of Leake and Stapleford, the Rural District which consisted of the civil parishes of Kingston-on-Soar and Ratcliffe-on-Soar, and in the Rural District of Basford the civil parishes of Awsworth, Barton-in-Fabis, Bilborough, Bradmore, Bunny, Burton Joyce, Clifton-with-Glapton, Colwick, Cossall, Gamston, Gedling, Gotham, Nuthall, Ruddington, South Wilford, Stoke Bardolph, Strelley, Thrumpton, Trowell, and Wollaton.

1950-1955: The Urban Districts of Beeston and Stapleford, and West Bridgford, and in the Rural District of Basford the civil parishes of Barton-in-Fabis, Bilborough, Bradmore, Bunny, Clifton with Glapton, Colwick, Costock, East Leake, Gedling, Gotham, Kingston-on-Soar, Normanton-on-Soar, Ratcliffe-on-Soar, Rempstone, Ruddington, Stanford-on-Soar, Sutton Bonington, Thorpe-in-the-Glebe, Thrumpton, West Leake, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, and Wysall.

1955-1974: The Urban District of Beeston and Stapleford, and in the Rural District of Basford the civil parishes of Barton-in-Fabis, Bilborough, Bradmore, Bunny, Colwick, Costock, East Leake, Gedling, Gotham, Kingston-on-Soar, Normanton-on-Soar, Ratcliffe-on-Soar, Rempstone, Ruddington, Stanford-on-Soar, Sutton Bonington, Thorpe-in-the-Glebe, Thrumpton, West Leake, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, and Wysall.

1974-1983: The Urban District of West Bridgford, the Rural District of Bingham (the civil parishes of Aslockton, Bingham, Car Colston, Clipston-on-the-Wolds, Colston Bassett, Cotgrave, Cropwell Bishop, Cropwell Butler, East Bridgford, Edwalton, Elton, Flawborough, Flintham, Gamston, Granby, Hawksworth, Hickling, Holme Pierrepont, Keyworth, Kinoulton, Kneeton, Langar-cum-Barnstone, Normanton-on-the-Wolds, Orston, Owthorpe, Plumtree, Radcliffe-on-Trent, Saxondale, Scarrington, Screveton, Shelford, Shelton, Sibthorpe, Stanton-on-the-Wolds, Thoroton, Tithby, Tollerton, Upper Broughton, Whatton, Widmerpool, and Wiverton Hall), and in the Rural District of Basford the civil parishes of Barton-in-Fabis, Bradmore, Bunny, Costock, East Leake, Gotham, Kingston on Soar, Normanton on Soar, Ratcliffe on Soar, Rempstone, Ruddington, Stanford on Soar, Sutton Bonington, Thorpe in the Glebe, Thrumpton, West Leake, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds, and Wysall.

1983-2010: The Borough of Rushcliffe.

2010-present: The Borough of Rushcliffe wards of Abbey, Compton Acres, Cotgrave, Edwalton Village, Gamston, Gotham, Keyworth North, Keyworth South, Lady Bay, Leake, Lutterell, Manvers, Melton, Musters, Nevile, Ruddington, Soar Valley, Stanford, Tollerton, Trent, Trent Bridge, Wiverton, and Wolds.

The constituency covers the south of Nottinghamshire.

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Nottinghamshire, the Boundary Commission's report approved by Parliament led to minor modifications to the existing constituency[n 3] for the 2010 general election onwards.

Constituency profile[edit]

The main town in the constituency is West Bridgford, which is part of the Greater Nottingham urban area, and includes the Trent Bridge cricket ground and Nottingham Forest F.C.. The remainder of the constituency is predominantly rural, although includes the villages of Cotgrave, East Leake, Sutton Bonington, Keyworth, Radcliffe on Trent and Ruddington.

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government district with a working population whose income is close to the national average and has lower than average reliance upon social housing.[2] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.9% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 3.5%.[3] The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a low 15.1% of its population without a car, 16.4% of the population without qualifications and a very high 39.0% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure a high 76.7% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the district.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Kenneth Clarke

Since 1970, Rushcliffe's Member of Parliament has been one of Britain's prominent political figures, Kenneth Clarke of the Conservative Party.

Clarke was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1993 to 1997, ran to be party leader during opposition under the Blair Ministry, then became Shadow Secretary of State for Business from 2009 to 2010 and then took de facto joint role of Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor from 2010 as the Lord Chancellor lost in the previous administration the requirement to be a leading judge and sit in the judiciary's highest court as well as a conventionally apolitical role in the House of Lords, in which the holder no longer sits.[n 4]

Election Member[5] Party Notes
1885 John Ellis Liberal
Dec 1910 Leif Jones Liberal
1918 Rt. Hon. Henry Betterton Coalition Conservative Minister of Labour 25 August 1931 – 29 June 1934
1922 Conservative
1934 by-election Rt. Hon. Ralph Assheton Conservative
1945 Florence Paton Labour
1950 Rt. Hon. Martin Redmayne Conservative
1966 Antony Gardner Labour
1970 Rt. Hon. Kenneth Clarke Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Rushcliffe[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 28,354 51.4 +0.2
Labour David Mellen 14,525 26.3 +5.6
UKIP Matthew Faithfull[7] 5,943 10.8 +6.7
Green Richard Mallender 3,559 6.5 +4.2
Liberal Democrat Robert Johnston 2,783 5.0 -16.7
Majority 13,829 25.1 -4.4
Turnout 55,164 75.3 +1.7
Conservative hold Swing +2.7
General Election 2010: Rushcliffe[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 27,470 51.2 +3.1
Liberal Democrat Karrar Khan 11,659 21.7 +4.4
Labour Andrew Clayworth 11,128 20.7 −6.7
UKIP Matthew Faithfull 2,179 4.1 +1.6
Green Richard Mallender 1,251 2.3 −1.2
Majority 15,811 29.5
Turnout 53,687 73.6 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Rushcliffe[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 27,899 49.5 +2.0
Labour Edward Gamble 14,925 26.5 −7.5
Liberal Democrat Karrar Khan 9,813 17.4 +3.8
Green Simon Anthony 1,692 3.0 +0.7
UKIP Matthew Faithfull 1,358 2.4 −0.2
Veritas Daniel Moss 624 1.1 N/A
Majority 12,974 23.0
Turnout 56,311 70.5 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing +4.8
General Election 2001: Rushcliffe[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 25,869 47.5 +3.1
Labour Paul John Fallon 18,512 34.0 −2.2
Liberal Democrat Jeremy Arthur Hargreaves 7,395 13.6 −0.7
UKIP John Kenneth Brown 1,434 2.6 +2.0
Green Ashley John Baxter 1,236 2.3 N/A
Majority 7,357 13.5
Turnout 54,446 66.5 −12.3
Conservative hold Swing +2.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Rushcliffe[12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 27,558 44.4 −10.0
Labour Jocelyn Pettitt 22,503 36.2 +13.0
Liberal Democrat Sam Boote 8,851 14.3 −5.7
Referendum Catherine Chadd 2,682 4.3 N/A
UKIP Joseph Moore 403 0.7 N/A
Natural Law Anna Miszewska 115 0.2 +0.0
Majority 5,055 8.1 −23.1
Turnout 62,112 78.8 −4.2
Conservative hold Swing −11.5
General Election 1992: Rushcliffe[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 34,448 54.4 −4.4
Labour Alan D. Chewings 14,682 23.2 +6.6
Liberal Democrat Dr. Andrew M. Wood 12,660 20.0 −3.0
Green Simon R. Anthony 775 1.2 −0.5
Independent Conservative Morgan Maelor-Jones 611 1.0 N/A
Natural Law David Richards 150 0.2 N/A
Majority 19,766 31.2 −4.6
Turnout 63,326 83.0 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing −5.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Rushcliffe[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 34,214 58.78
Social Democratic L George 13,375 22.98
Labour Paddy Tipping 9,631 16.54
Green H Wright 991 1.70 +1.7
Majority 20,839 35.80
Turnout 72,797 79.96
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Rushcliffe [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 33,253 61.47
Liberal J Hamilton 13,033 24.09
Labour Vernon Coaker 7,290 13.48
Ecology M Pooks 518 0.96
Majority 20,220 37.38
Turnout 76.91
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 34,196 62.21
Labour CIE Atkins 11,712 21.31
Liberal JE Hamilton 9,060 16.48
Majority 22,484 40.90
Turnout 81.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 27,074 54.69
Labour V Bell 12,131 24.50
Liberal JE Hamilton 10,300 20.81
Majority 14,943 30.18
Turnout 77.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Clarke 29,828 55.58
Labour M Gallagher 12,119 22.58
Liberal JE Hamilton 11,719 21.84
Majority 17,709 33.00
Turnout 84.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Harry Clarke 30,966 51.66
Labour Antony John Gardner 24,798 41.37
Liberal Paul M Browne 4,180 6.97
Majority 6,168 10.29
Turnout 79.64
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Antony John Gardner 25,623 45.80
Conservative Sir Martin Redmayne 25,243 45.12
Liberal Malcolm J Smith 5,085 9.09
Majority 380 0.68
Turnout 85.43
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Redmayne 27,936 52.64
Labour Arthur Charles Latham 25,137 47.36
Majority 2,799 5.27
Turnout 83.44
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Redmayne 27,392 54.41
Labour Neville Devonshire Sandelson 22,952 44.59
Majority 4,440 8.82
Turnout 85.37
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Redmayne 23,509 51.81
Labour David Rennie Hardman 21,866 48.19
Majority 1,643 3.62
Turnout 82.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Redmayne 30,972 57.92
Labour Ronald Joseph Ledger 22,506 42.08
Majority 8,466 15.83
Turnout 85.95
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Martin Redmayne 27,497 51.47
Labour Hugh McDowall Lawson 20,860 39.05
Liberal Erica Margaret Stallabrass 5,064 9.48
Majority 6,637 12.42
Turnout 87.77
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Florence Beatrice Paton 43,303 54.23
Conservative Ralph Assheton 36,544 45.77
Majority 6,759 8.46
Turnout 77.00
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Assheton 32,320 62.55
Labour HJ Cadogan 19,349 37.45
Majority 12,971 25.10
Turnout 67.92
Conservative hold Swing
Rushcliffe by-election, 1934
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ralph Assheton 19,374 48.8
Labour HJ Cadogan 15,081 38.0
Liberal Arthur Thomas Marwood 5,251 13.2
Majority 4,293 10.8
Turnout 56.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Rushcliffe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Bucknall Betterton 36,670 72.12
Labour Florence Beatrice Paton 14,176 27.88
Majority 22,494 44.24
Turnout 77.79
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Rushcliffe [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Henry Bucknall Betterton 19,145 41.7
Labour Florence Beatrice Widdowson 16,069 35.0
Liberal Arthur Thomas Marwood 10,724 23.3 n/a
Majority 3,076 6.7
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Rushcliffe [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Henry Bucknall Betterton 12,427 44.5 -12.3
Liberal John Lewin 8,581 30.8 n/a
Labour James Wilson 6,882 24.7 -18.5
Majority 3,846 13.7 +0.1
Turnout 73.3
Unionist hold Swing n/a

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ The area around Bingham became part of Newark.
  4. ^ Commentators questioned Lord Falconer its first revised holder whether the title should be abolished.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/rushcliffe/
  8. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Rushcliffe". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 Jan 2011. 
  14. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.142 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  15. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  20. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Kingston-upon-Thames
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1993–1997
Succeeded by
Dunfermline East

Coordinates: 52°52′N 1°05′W / 52.87°N 1.09°W / 52.87; -1.09