Russ Van Atta

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Russ Van Atta
RussVanAttaGoudeycard.jpg
Pitcher
Born: June 21, 1906
Augusta, New Jersey
Died: October 10, 1986
Andover, New Jersey
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
April 25, 1933, for the New York Yankees
Last MLB appearance
May 11, 1939, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
ERA 5.60
Record 33–41
Strikeouts 339
Teams
Career highlights and awards
  • Holds AL record for most hits in a 9 inning ML debut as a pitcher
  • Best win-loss record in 1933 AL pitching

Russell Van Atta (June 21, 1906 – October 10, 1986) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who played with the New York Yankees and the Saint Louis Browns over a seven-season career. After his career ended, he was elected to one-term as Sheriff of Sussex County in New Jersey from 1941 to 1944[1] and for six years as a county freeholder.

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

He was born on June 21, 1906 near Augusta in Frankford Township, Sussex County, in northwestern New Jersey.[2] Having attended grammar and secondary school locally in Augusta, Van Atta attended the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) in State College, Pennsylvania.[2] During his years pitching on the team at university, Van Atta only lost a single game in his four collegiate seasons.[3]

Baseball career[edit]

Career in the minors (1928–1932)[edit]

After completing his degree at Penn State, scouts from the Major Leagues considered Van Atta to be a promising prospect and in 1928 the New York Yankees negotiated a contract and paid a signing bonus of $250.[3] However, Miller Huggins, the Manager of the Yankees did not trust Van Atta's talent and sent him to the minors.[3] In 1928, he played for the Hartford Senators, a minor-league team based in Connecticut and affiliated with the Eastern League.[3] He played for the next four seasons with the St. Paul Saints, a Triple-A level minor-league baseball team from Minnesota in the American Association (now defunct).[3]

With the New York Yankees (1933–1935)[edit]

On September 12, 1932, the New York Yankees acquired Van Atta from the Saints.[2] He would wear the number 14 on his uniform while playing the Yankees.[2]

At the age of 27, he would make his debut the following season with the Yankees on April 25, 1933 in a game against the Washington Senators. Van Atta's debut was historic—both in his pitching performance shutting out the Senators with a score of 16–0 and for going 4-for-4 in batting performance.[4] To date, he is the only American League (AL) pitcher to get four hits in his major league debut, and one of only seven players in AL history to do so in a nine-inning game.[5][note 1]

Van Atta's season performance consisted of a .283 batting average, 4.38 ERA and a record of 12 wins and 4 losses (.750).[2] Although a "late bloomer" at age 27, his rookie year was successful and he led the American League among pitchers in win–loss record, tying for first with Lefty Grove (24–8) of the Philadelphia Athletics.[6][7]

The successes of Van Atta's rookie year did not carry over into subsequent seasons. His statistics and performance declined for the rest of his career. In 1934, he posted a 6.34 ERA and a 3–5 record. In December 1934, Van Atta injured his pitching hand while breaking a glass window to rescue his pet cocker spaniel during a house fire at his home in the Lake Mohawk section of Sparta Township, New Jersey.[8] The injuries included cuts to his left hand that caused nerve damage. For the rest of his career, he would be limited to relief pitching and few spot-starts.[3]

Shortly after spring training, on May 15, 1935, the St. Louis Browns acquired Van Atta from the Yankees.[2]

With the St. Louis Browns (1935–1939)[edit]

At the St. Louis Browns, Van Atta wore number 19 (and later number 21) on his uniform.[2] In 1935, he went 9–16 with a 5.30 ERA, but still Van Atta managed to lead the league with 58 appearances (his 16 losses were the second highest total in the league, behind only Bobo Newsom's 18). He posted an even worse ERA the next season, at 6.60, but again he led the league in appearances with 52. Van Atta played his final game on May 11, 1939.

Overall in his career, Van Atta went 33–41 with a 5.60 ERA. At the plate, he hit .228 with 2 home runs, and on the field he showed off a .929 fielding percentage.

With the Toronto Maple Leafs (1939–1940)[edit]

On May 14, 1939, he was purchased by Toronto Maple Leafs (now defunct) then a Double-A minor-league team affiliated with the International League from the Browns.[2][note 2]

After baseball[edit]

Van Atta was elected County Sheriff in Sussex County in northwestern New Jersey in 1941 and served one three-year term until 1944.[1] His fellow Yankee, Babe Ruth campaigned on his behalf. Van Atta later served two three-year terms as on the Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders.[8]

Later in life, he partnered a successful oil business, V&H Oil company, in Newton NJ, which was later bought out by Gulf Oil Company.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Russell Van Atta married Helen Elizabeth Depue (1909–1998). They had one son, Russell Van Atta, Jr. (1940–2012), and three daughters, Betty Jane, Awilda and Geraldine (1934–2008).[9]

At the age of 80 years, Russell Van Atta died on October 10, 1986 in Andover, New Jersey and he was buried in the Frankford Plains Cemetery in Augusta, New Jersey.[10]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ According to baseball-reference.com, there were 12 major league players to go 4-for-4 in their MLB debuts–7 in the American League, 5 in the National League including Van Atta's feat in 1933. The other eleven include: Art Shires (CHW) in 1928; Cecil Travis (WSH) in 1933; Spook Jacobs (PHA) in 1954; Willie McCovey (SFG) in 1959; Mack Jones (MLN) in 1961; Ted Cox (BOS) in 1977; Hall-of-famer Kirby Puckett (MIN) in 1984; Bill Bean (DET) in 1987; Delino DeShields (MON) in 1990; Derrick Gibson (COL) in 1998, and Wilson Ramos (MIN) in 2010. The overall MLB record for most hits (5) in a debut game is held by Fred Clarke of the National League's Louisville Colonels (1894).
  2. ^ The Maple Leafs and the International League became Triple-A level in 1946. The team eventually became part of the farm system of the Boston Red Sox and in 1973 was moved to Pawtucket, Rhode Island where it operates currently Pawtucket Red Sox.
References
  1. ^ a b Sussex County Sheriff's Office – About: Sheriff's Office History (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Baseball-Reference.com: Russ Van Atta (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  3. ^ a b c d e f Linthurst, Randolph. "A Most Spectacular Debut" in Baseball Research Journal, Society for American Baseball Research (1975) (found online here). (Retrieved November 13, 2012).
  4. ^ Baseball-Reference.com box score for 25 April 1933 Yankees-Senators game (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  5. ^ Baseball-Reference.com blog: Four hits in a major league debut (Retrieved November 13, 2002)
  6. ^ Baseball-Reference.com: 1933 American League pitching leaders (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  7. ^ Baseball-Reference.com: Lefty Glove (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  8. ^ a b c "Babe Ruth Visits the Area" in the "From the Archives" section (reprinted from the New Jersey Herald, Sussex Register, Sussex Independent), The Sunday New Jersey Herald (March 23, 2003), B2.
  9. ^ Obituary for Russell Van Atta, Jr. in The New Jersey Herald February 19, 2012 (Newton, New Jersey) found online here. (retrieved November 13, 2012).
  10. ^ page at findagrave.com (retrieved November 13, 2012).

External links[edit]