Russell Harvard

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Russell Harvard
RussellHarvard-DavidGordon-TheaterMania.jpg
Russell Harvard at the NY premiere of Tribes, March 4, 2012
Born Russell Wayne Harvard
(1981-04-16) 16 April 1981 (age 35)
Pasadena, Texas, United States
Occupation Actor
Years active 2006–present

Russell Wayne Harvard (born April 16, 1981) is an American actor. He made his feature film debut in Paul Thomas Anderson’s There Will Be Blood (2007), playing opposite Daniel Day-Lewis as his adopted grown son, H.W. Plainview. In the 2010 biopic The Hammer, he portrayed deaf NCAA championship wrestler and UFC mixed martial arts fighter Matt Hamill. Harvard also won acclaim Off Broadway in 2012 as Billy, the deaf son in an intellectual, though dysfunctional, hearing British family, in Tribes by Nina Raine. For his interpretation, he won a 2012 Theatre World Award for Outstanding Debut Performance[1] and nominations for Drama League,[2] Outer Critics Circle[3] and Lucille Lortel Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor.[4] He played Mr. Wrench in Season 1 of FX's Fargo.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Pasadena, Texas, into a third-generation deaf family, Harvard is the younger of two deaf sons of Kay (Youngblood) and Henry Harvard.[5][6][7] Both his parents and his paternal grandmother are also deaf.[5][7] In the early 1980s, the Harvards moved to Austin, Texas so that their elder son Renny could enroll at their alma mater, Texas School for the Deaf (TSD).[8][9][10] The family initially placed Russell (due to his speech capability and residual hearing) in an oral school for children who learn to lip read exclusively. Finding he was unhappy there, his parents switched him to a Deaf school education at TSD, which included training in lip reading and speech therapy in English.[10][11] Although he is able to hear some sound with the use of a hearing aid, including speech and music, he identifies himself as Deaf and considers American Sign Language to be his first language.[7][12][13]

After graduating from TSD in 1999, Harvard began his studies at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C.[5][14] At various times during his college education he took a hiatus to work as a teacher's assistant for preschoolers at the Alaska State School for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing in Anchorage, Alaska. (His mother later joined him, working for the American Red Cross.)[10][14] While there he contemplated a career as a teacher of theater,[7][10] and in 2008 he returned as Artist in Residence. At Gallaudet he maintained a high GPA and completed his bachelor's degree in Theatre Arts, graduating in 2008.[5]

Career[edit]

Film and TV[edit]

While still at Gallaudet, Harvard was prompted by one of his professors, Angela V. Farrand, to submit a photo and resume to casting agents seeking a deaf actor for the film There Will Be Blood.[15] He received an audition and won the part of Adult H.W., for which he had to research and perform a vintage form of American sign language for the father-son confrontation scene with Day-Lewis.[11]

Shortly after completing his scenes for There Will Be Blood, Harvard made his first network television appearance in the “Silent Night” episode of CBS’ CSI: NY, opposite Marlee Matlin,[15] and later guest-starred in “The Box” episode (2010) of the Fox series Fringe.[6] Other TV appearances include Switched at Birth and Odd Mom Out. He has acted in the short films Signage (2007), Words (2010) and This Is Normal (2013), played the principal role of Tim in the independent feature Claustrophobia (2011), and had leading roles in the ASL Films Versa Effect and Gerald.[16] Harvard is a member of the Screen Actors Guild and the Actors’ Equity Association.

For The Hammer, Harvard was first cast as Matt Hamill’s roommate Jay but inherited the lead role when the original choice to play Matt, the film’s producer and cowriter, actor Eben Kostbar, ceded the part out of respect for the Deaf community’s wishes to see an authentically Deaf actor in the role.[17] (In the film, Kostbar played the role of Coach Cantrell, while the part of Jay went to Deaf actor Michael Anthony Spady.) The Hammer won Audience Awards at numerous film festivals, including AFI FEST, the Cleveland International Film Festival, the Florida Film Festival, the Heartland Film Festival, the Miami Film Festival and the Newport Beach Film Festival.[18]

Fargo[edit]

In August 2013, the FX/MGM production team of Fargo, the anthology TV miniseries adaptation of the 1996 Coen brothers’ film, cast Harvard as Mr. Wrench, one of two hitmen who pursue Billy Bob Thornton’s lead character Lorne Malvo throughout the series. Writer-creator Noah Hawley, a part-time Austin resident who lives near Texas School for the Deaf, cited his own neighborhood encounters with sign language as the inspiration for the “Mr. Wrench” character: a deaf assassin who uses his command of ASL as a means of menace toward his targets and of private communication with his partner Mr. Numbers (played by Adam Goldberg).[19] During the five-month shoot in Calgary, Alberta, Harvard and the show’s ASL manager, Catherine MacKinnon, worked closely with Goldberg on translating the pair’s dialogue into the most effective ASL exchanges for their scenes.[20]

Critical response to Harvard and Goldberg’s seriocomic turn as bickering hired killers was overwhelmingly positive. Reviewers noted that they “steal scenes as Mr. Numbers and Mr. Wrench” (Time),[21] make up one of the “satisfying subplots” (Huffington Post)[22] and “have their own original energy” (Vulture.com).[23] For Alan Sepinwall of HitFix.com, “the relationship between Goldberg . . . and Harvard feels unlike any criminal twosome of its type I've seen before, even in the midst of a show that is otherwise cleverly rearranging familiar pieces of the movie and other crime stories.”[24] And Tim Goodman, TV critic for The Hollywood Reporter, wrote, “Encapsulating everything that is joyously weird about Fargo, the killers are the dangerous—and deaf—Mr. Wrench (Russell Harvard) and his partner and translator, Mr. Numbers (Adam Goldberg) . . . Already I want a separate series that just follows around Mr. Wrench and Mr. Numbers.”[25] Series creator Hawley, moreover, who has described Harvard as “magnetic and charismatic” in the role of Mr. Wrench,[26] ended up extending the character’s appearance in the series.[19] On June 19, 2014, the Broadcast Television Journalists Association honored Fargo with three awards (including Best Mini-series) at the Critics' Choice Television Awards ceremony.[27] Fargo also won three Emmys—most prominently "Outstanding Miniseries"—at the 66th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards on August 25, 2014;[28] "Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television" at the 72nd Annual Golden Globe Awards on January 11, 2015;[29] and, for "majestically reinventing a beloved tale and for expanding and richly rendering a darkly comic world of crime, revenge, and comeuppance," was honored with a 2014 Peabody Award, whose citation recognized Fargo as having set "a new standard for what is possible in the process of adaptation."[30]

Theater[edit]

Harvard cites his seeing, at age eight, his cousin perform on stage in The Wizard of Oz as the inspiration for his becoming an actor.[7][15] Subsequently, he became very involved in theater at TSD.[10] At Gallaudet he appeared in a 2006 stage production of A Streetcar Named Desire and as Claudio in their co-production with Amaryllis Theatre of Much Ado About Nothing.[15] His earliest professional stage work was in the twin roles of the Orderly and the Groundskeeper’s Son in the world premiere of Rachel Sheinkin and Groovelily’s Sleeping Beauty Wakes for Deaf West Theatre (Center Theatre Group, 2007). With this dual performance, wrote TimeOut critic James Sims, “Harvard joins the rank of deaf actors transcending any perceived limitations due to a lack of speaking lines, capturing the heart of the newly created characters with ease.”[31] The following year, he played (also for Deaf West) Aesop in Aesop Who? In 2007, he assistant directed the young-audience musical Nobody’s Perfect (Kennedy Center and VSA Arts).

Harvard won the crucial central role of Billy for the New York premiere of the British comic-drama Tribes after an extensive North American search for an authentically deaf actor who could handle the demands of both signing and speaking dialogue to hearing actors throughout the play.[12] He played the role to acclaim for over 400 performances Off Broadway at the Barrow Street Theatre (where Tribes broke all box-office records there).[32][33] Critics uniformly praised his acting abilities: “Russell Harvard, himself deaf, turns in a powerful performance that ranges from adept romantic comedy to quiet sadness and heartbreaking anger” (Erik Haagensen, backstage.com);[34] “[Harvard is] terrific in charting forms and degrees of a private communication” (Ben Brantley, The New York Times);[35] “[Harvard] transforms almost effortlessly from sweetness to bitterness, all the while making us aware of both Billy's pain and strength” (Brian Scott Lipton, TheaterMania.com).[36] John Lahr of The New Yorker assessed this NY debut stage performance thus:

As Billy, Russell Harvard, who is deaf, brings an extraordinary restrained sweetness to the role. He's handsome, alert, and sensitive, and, without any mawkishness, he manages to convey the bravery both of Billy's resilience and of his rebellion.[37]

Harvard recreated the role in the NY production's transfer to the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles in spring 2013, and later that summer at La Jolla Playhouse in San Diego. On June 15, 2015, L.A. Theatre Works released an audio CD of Tribes, featuring Harvard and other original-cast members.

On August 10, 2015, Playbill.com officially announced the casting of Harvard for the Broadway company of Deaf West's revival production of the Duncan Sheik-Steven Sater musical Spring Awakening. This transfer production, which opened at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre on September 27, 2015, marked the Broadway debuts of both Harvard and his co-star Marlee Matlin.[38]

When not performing professionally, he teaches theater and directs plays at Texas School for the Deaf.[12] He has staged several high school musical productions, including Grease and The Wizard of Oz.

Music and dance[edit]

In interviews, Harvard has expressed his lifelong passion for music, which he performs both live at Deaf cultural events and in amateur videos.[7][11] He enjoys popularity on YouTube where he posts video recordings of himself performing American sign language renditions of contemporary songs. His versatile interpretive styles range from rock, pop ballad, rap and hip hop to dance-pop, alternative rock and synthpop. Harvard is also, along with Jessica (JessKay) von Garrel, Sabrina Valencia and Jesse Jones III, a founding member of the hip hop Deaf dance troupe HipZu Funk, based in Austin, TX.[39]

Advocacy[edit]

Russell Harvard

On May 26, 2010, Harvard testified as a panel witness before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Communications, Technology & the Internet in a hearing entitled “Innovation and Inclusion: The Americans with Disabilities Act at 20,” which focused on the issues raised by the “Equal Access to Communications in the 21st Century Act.”[40] Speaking on behalf of the National Association of the Deaf and the Coalition of Organizations for Accessible Technology (COAT), he argued the need for Congress to pass new legislation to require closed captioning on video programming on the Internet just as it had done for television broadcasting in 1990:

Closed captioning has made a huge impact on the lives of every deaf or hard of hearing person, including me. Captions allow me to be in sync with what is going on in the world. They let me watch television with my family and friends. They enable me to get the information I need to develop and share my views on political campaigns. They let me keep pace with current trends and maintain my independence and my sense of dignity.[41]

He explained that all modern devices, regardless of screen size, should have caption capability and easy activation controls. Because so few programming distributors currently offer Internet captioning, “we now find that when we turn to that video programming on the Internet, we are again left behind, unable to understand what is going on.”[41] He closed by calling on Congress “not to leave us behind as new Internet and digital video programming technologies become available to the general public.”[41]

Harvard has also been a strong proponent of exploring ways in which Deaf entertainment practitioners can work more independently to produce work for stage and screen. He envisions more creative uses of communication technology in the artistic process and in providing greater accessibility to Deaf audiences.[10] He also hopes to see an expanding range and type of film and TV acting roles in which Deaf professional performers may be cast: “We need writers and casting directors to be fearless in working with actors who happen to be deaf.”[42][43]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Title Role Notes
2007 Signage Jonathan's friend Short
2007 There Will Be Blood Adult H.W. Feature film debut
2008 S Is for Sexy Jonathan's friend Video anthology incl. Signage
2009 Gerald Corey ASL Films feature
2010 Words Owen Short
2010 The Hammer Matt Hamill aka Hamill - USA (original title)
2011 Claustrophobia Tim
2011 Versa Effect Seth ASL Films feature
2013 This Is Normal Alex Short
Television
Year Title Role Notes
2006 CSI: NY Cole Rowen episode: "Silent Night"
2010 Fringe Joe episode: "The Box"
2014 Fargo Mr. Wrench Season 1: 7 episodes
2015 Switched at Birth Julian Stanton episode: "Player's Choice"
2015 Odd Mom Out Sebastian episode: "Omakase"

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2011-2012 Theatre World Award Recipients, Theatre World Awards, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  2. ^ 2011-2012 Drama League Awards Nominations, The Drama League, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  3. ^ Outer Critics Circle Announce 2011-12 Season Winners, Outer Critics Circle, 22 May 2012, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  4. ^ 2012 Nominations by Category, The Lucille Lortel Awards, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  5. ^ a b c d Oliver, M.L. (n.d.) “Biography for Russell Harvard”, The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  6. ^ a b Mulvey, Ricky (25 April 2011). “An Interview With Actor Russell Harvard: Plays Loveland’s Matt Hamill”, Loveland Magazine. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Tyler, Dana (24 June 2012), "The Star Of Tribes, New York Sizzles In The Summer Heat, And More", Eye on New York, CBS New York, retrieved 27 January 2013 
  8. ^ Pinto, Jackie, "Pursuing Life with Passion", Deccan Herald, retrieved 29 January 2013 
  9. ^ Harvard, Russell (13 March 2012). "Tribes star Russell Harvard on His Deaf Heritage and Joining a New Off-Broadway Family". Broadway.com. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Rampell, Ed (10 April 2013), Russell Harvard Travels Between Tribes at the Taper, lastagetimes.com, retrieved 10 April 2013 
  11. ^ a b c Lacher, Irene (7 April 2013). "'Tribes' star Russell Harvard talks deaf community culture". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c Taylor, Kate (10 April 2012). "Aspiring to Conquer Crossover Acting Path". The New York Times. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  13. ^ Hetrick, Adam (6 May 2012). "Tribes Actor Russell Harvard Finds His Pack". Playbill.com. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  14. ^ a b The Hammer (2010/2011), Covering Media, retrieved 30 December 2012 
  15. ^ a b c d Jonas, Jane (2006). “There Will Be Russell” (http://admissions.gallaudet.edu/Academics/FOG/Russell_harvard.htm). Gallaudet University. http://admissions.gallaudet.edu/Academics/FOG/Russell_harvard.htm. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  16. ^ “Russell Harvard” (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2341751/?ref_=fn_nm_nm_1). The Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2341751/?ref_=fn_nm_nm_1. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  17. ^ Mulvey, Ricky (21 February 2010). “Hamill: Exclusive Interview with Screenwriter and Actor, Eben Kostbar” (http://www.lovelandmagazine.com/2010/02/hamill-exclusive-interview-with-screenwriter-and-actor-eben-kostbar.html). Loveland Magazine. http://www.lovelandmagazine.com/2010/02/hamill-exclusive-interview-with-screenwriter-and-actor-eben-kostbar.html. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  18. ^ “Awards for The Hammer” (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1094666/awards?ref_=tt_ft). The Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1094666/awards?ref_=tt_ft. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
  19. ^ a b Sullivan, Becky (1 June 2014). “In 'Fargo,' A Deaf Actor Gets His Chance To Be Wicked.” (http://www.npr.org/2014/06/01/317945736/in-fargo-a-deaf-actor-gets-his-chance-to-be-wicked). npr.org. http://www.npr.org/2014/06/01/317945736/in-fargo-a-deaf-actor-gets-his-chance-to-be-wicked. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  20. ^ Fienberg, Daniel (6 May 2014). “Interview: ‘Fargo’ Co-star Adam Goldberg on ASL Challenges and Calgary Cold.” (http://www.hitfix.com/the-fien-print/interview-fargo-co-star-adam-goldberg-on-asl-challenges-and-calgary-cold). hitfix.com. http://www.hitfix.com/the-fien-print/interview-fargo-co-star-adam-goldberg-on-asl-challenges-and-calgary-cold. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  21. ^ Poniewozik, James (14 April 2014). “Review: In FX’s Fargo, the Devil Goes Up to Minnesota.” (http://time.com/55550/fargo-fx-review/). Time.com. http://time.com/55550/fargo-fx-review/. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  22. ^ Ryan, Maureen (15 April 2014). “‘Fargo’ Review: A Frosty Treat from the Frozen North.” (http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/15/fargo-review_n_5154611.html). Huffingtonpost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/15/fargo-review_n_5154611.html. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  23. ^ Seitz, Matt Zoller (15 April 2014). “Seitz on FX’s Fargo: Misanthropic, Ruthless and Very Smart.” (http://www.vulture.com/2014/04/tv-review-fx-fargo.html) Vulture.com. http://www.vulture.com/2014/04/tv-review-fx-fargo.html. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  24. ^ Sepinwall, Alan (15 April 2014). “Review: FX’s ‘Fargo’ Reinvents the Coen Brothers Movie As Something New and Wonderful.” (http://www.hitfix.com/whats-alan-watching/review-fxs-fargo-reinvents-the-coen-brothers-movie-as-something-new-and-wonderful). Hitfix.com. http://www.hitfix.com/whats-alan-watching/review-fxs-fargo-reinvents-the-coen-brothers-movie-as-something-new-and-wonderful. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  25. ^ Goodman, Tim (11 April 2014). “Fargo: TV Review.” (http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/review/fargo-tv-review-695445). The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/review/fargo-tv-review-695445. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  26. ^ Roe, Dale (28 April 2014). “Austinites Noah Hawley and Russell Harvard provide ‘Fargo’ with plenty of heat.” (http://www.statesman.com/news/lifestyles/austinites-noah-hawley-and-russell-harvard-provide/nfhsg/) Austin American-Statesman.com. http://www.statesman.com/news/lifestyles/austinites-noah-hawley-and-russell-harvard-provide/nfhsg/. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  27. ^ Sandberg, Bryn Elise (19 June 2014). "Critics' Choice Television Awards 2014: Complete Winners List." (http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/critics-choice-television-awards-2014-712986). The Hollywood Reporter. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/critics-choice-television-awards-2014-712986. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  28. ^ 26 August 2014. "Award Search: Fargo." Emmys.com. http://www.emmys.com/awards/nominations/award-search?search_api_views_fulltext=Fargo&field_is_winner%5B1%5D=1&submit=Search&search_api_views_fulltext_1=&search_api_views_fulltext_3=&search_api_views_fulltext_2=&search_api_views_fulltext_4=&field_nominations_year=1949-01-01+00%3A00%3A00&field_nominations_year_1=2014-01-01+00%3A00%3A00&field_nomination_category=All. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  29. ^ 12 January 2015. "Awards Search: Fargo." hfpa.org. http://www.hfpa.org/browse/?param=/film/26520. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  30. ^ "Fargo (FX): Winner 2014." (http://www.peabodyawards.com/award-profile/fargo). Peabody Awards. http://www.peabodyawards.com/award-profile/fargo. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
  31. ^ Sims, James (8 April 2007). “’Beauty Wakes’ is Pure Magic” (http://losangeles.broadwayworld.com/article/Beauty-Wakes-is-Pure-Magic-20070408). Broadwayworld.com. http://losangeles.broadwayworld.com/article/Beauty-Wakes-is-Pure-Magic-20070408. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  32. ^ Lee, Felicia R. (21 December 2012). “‘Silence,’ ‘Tribes’ and ‘Fuerza Bruta’ Aren’t Closing Just Yet” (http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/21/silence-tribes-and-fuerza-bruta-arent-closing-just-yet/?ref=feliciarlee). The New York Times. http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/12/21/silence-tribes-and-fuerza-bruta-arent-closing-just-yet/?ref=feliciarlee. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  33. ^ Hetrick, Adam (9 November 2012). “Off-Broadway Hit Tribes, Starring Russell Harvard, Will End Celebrated Run in January” (http://www.playbill.com/news/article/172068-Off-Broadway-Hit-Tribes-Starring-Russell-Harvard-Will-End-Celebrated-Run-in-January). Playbill.com. http://www.playbill.com/news/article/172068-Off-Broadway-Hit-Tribes-Starring-Russell-Harvard-Will-End-Celebrated-Run-in-January. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  34. ^ Haagensen, Erik (4 March 2012). “NY Review: ‘Tribes’” (http://www.backstage.com/review/ny-theater/off-broadway/ny-review-tribes/). Backstage.com. http://www.backstage.com/review/ny-theater/off-broadway/ny-review-tribes/). Retrieved 2 Jan. 2013.
  35. ^ Brantley, Ben (4 March 2012). “World of Silence and Not Listening” (http://theater.nytimes.com/2012/03/05/theater/reviews/tribes-by-nina-raines-at-the-barrow-street-theater.html). The New York Times.com. http://theater.nytimes.com/2012/03/05/theater/reviews/tribes-by-nina-raines-at-the-barrow-street-theater.html. Retrieved 2 Jan. 2013.
  36. ^ Lipton, Brian Scott (4 March 2012). “Tribes” (http://www.theatermania.com/new-york-city-theater/reviews/03-2012/tribes_51682.html?m). TheaterMania.com. http://www.theatermania.com/new-york-city-theater/reviews/03-2012/tribes_51682.html?m. Retrieved 2 Jan. 2012.
  37. ^ Lahr, John. “The Theatre: Minority Reports.” The New Yorker 12 March 2012: 80-81. Print.
  38. ^ Gioia, Michael (10 August 2015). "Tribes Deaf Actor Russell Harvard, Patrick Page and Camryn Manheim Complete Spring Awakening Cast" (http://m.playbill.com/news/article/tribes-deaf-actor-russell-harvard-patrick-page-and-camryn-manheim-complete-spring-awakening-cast-356861). Playbill.com. http://m.playbill.com/news/article/tribes-deaf-actor-russell-harvard-patrick-page-and-camryn-manheim-complete-spring-awakening-cast-356861. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  39. ^ "The Crew" (http://www.funkyybeats.com/#!hipzu-funk/c9a0). Funkyybeats.com. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  40. ^ Simpson, Jenifer (1 June 2010). "Senate Holds Successful Hearing on Accessible Communications Technologies” (http://jfactivist.typepad.com/jfactivist/2010/06/senate-hears-testimony-on-communication-access.html). jfactivist.com. http://jfactivist.typepad.com/jfactivist/2010/06/senate-hears-testimony-on-communication-access.html. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  41. ^ a b c Harvard, Russell (26 May 2010). “Hearings: Innovation and Inclusion: The American Disabilities Act at 20. Mr. Russell Harvard” (http://www.commerce.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=Hearings&ContentRecord_id=4c38a45b-a9f2-4458-a4d3-cb22c48714fd&Statement_id=cffbcb55-99e2-43d9-bd13-47da3ddf2ad1&ContentType_id=14f995b9-dfa5-407a-9d35-56cc7152a7ed&Group_id=b06c39af-e033-4cba-9221-de668ca1978a&MonthDisplay=5&YearDisplay=2010). senate.gov. http://www.commerce.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?p=Hearings&ContentRecord_id=4c38a45b-a9f2-4458-a4d3-cb22c48714fd&Statement_id=cffbcb55-99e2-43d9-bd13-47da3ddf2ad1&ContentType_id=14f995b9-dfa5-407a-9d35-56cc7152a7ed&Group_id=b06c39af-e033-4cba-9221-de668ca1978a&MonthDisplay=5&YearDisplay=2010. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  42. ^ Kragen, Pam (22 June 2013). “Playhouse reteams New York ‘Tribes’ cast” (http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2013/jun/22/la-jolla-playhouse-tribes-russell-harvard/). utsandiego.com. http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2013/jun/22/la-jolla-playhouse-tribes-russell-harvard/. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  43. ^ Hodgins, Paul (11 March 2013). “Actor wants Hollywood to see him as more than ‘that deaf guy’” (http://www.ocregister.com/articles/harvard-499071-deaf-billy.html). ocregister.com. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/harvard-499071-deaf-billy.html. Retrieved 3 June 2013.

External links[edit]