2016 Australian Paralympic Team portrait of Short
|Full name||Russell Luke Short|
|Born||7 May 1969
|Height||185 cm (6 ft 1 in)|
Russell Luke Short, OAM (born 7 May 1969) is an Australian legally blind athlete, who has competed at eight Paralympics from 1988 to 2016 and won six gold, two silver and four bronze medals at the Games. He competes in discus, javelin, and shot put.
Russell Luke Short was born on 7 May 1969 in the Victorian town of Poowong. He has 2% peripheral vision due to macular degeneration, which first began to affect him at the age of four and a half; his brother also has the disease. He attended Korumburra Secondary College. He played many sports in high school, including swimming, diving, and basketball, but he could no longer participate in these sports as his sight gradually became more impaired. He took up discus and shot put because he found he enjoyed throwing things.
In 1993, he kayaked across the Torres Strait from Cape York to New Guinea as part of a team of four men, and also walked the Kokoda Track with them. These experiences were recounted in the 1995 documentary The Blind Leading The Blind and the 2004 book Blind leading the blind : a journey of vision across the Torres Strait and Kokoda track.
Short began his competitive career in 1982. His first Paralympic Games were the 1988 Seoul Paralympics, where he won two gold medals in the Men's Discus B3 and Men's Javelin B3 events, and a bronze medal in the Men's Shot Put B3 event.
In 1988, he became the first disabled person to receive a scholarship from the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS). In 1990, while being coached by AIS Throws Coach Merv Kemp, he broke the discus B2 world record twice. He competed in the 1990 World Championships and Games for the Disabled, Assen, Netherlands winning gold medals in the Men's Shot Put and Discus B3 events.
In the 1992 Barcelona Games, he won two gold medals in the Men's Discus B3 and Men's Shot Put B3 events, for which he received a Medal of the Order of Australia, and a bronze medal in the Men's Javelin B3 event.
In the 1996 Atlanta Games, he won two silver medals in the Men's Discus F12 and Men's Shot Put F12 events. He won two gold medals at the 2000 Sydney Games, setting a world record in the Men's Discus Throw F12 event and a Paralympic Games record in the Men's Shot Put F12 event. In the 2004 Athens Games, he won a bronze medal in the Men's Shot Put F13 event and came fifth in the Men's Discus F12 event. Six weeks before winning the bronze medal, he had fallen off a two-meter wall and broken his arm.
Short carried the Australian flag during the opening ceremony of the 2008 Beijing Games. At the Games, he came sixth in the Men's Shot Put F11/12 event. He won a silver medal in the Discus event at the 2011 IPC Athletics World Championships in Christchurch, New Zealand. In a February 2011 interview shortly after the Championships, he said: "Things are starting to fall apart, particularly my shoulder, but with a lot of changes to the way I train and a lot of physio, I'm confident I'll be right".
At the 2017 World Para Athletics Championships in London, England, his eight championship, he finished fifth in the Men's Shot Put F12 with a throw of 14.29 m and seventh in the Men's Discus F12 with a throw of 39.31 m.  
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- "Short, Russell Luke". It's An Honour. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
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- Results for Russell Short from the International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
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- Australian Sports Commission Annual Report 1989-1990 (PDF). Canberra: Australian Sports Commission. p. 40.
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- Eva, Bruce (20 February 2011). "Short still a big shot". The Sunday Age. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Russell Short". Rio Paralympics Official site. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
- "Short and Petrie honoured with Edwin Flack Award". Athletics Australia website. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- Ryner, Sascha (23 July 2017). "A trio of gold medals bolsters Australia’s medal tally". Athletics Australia News. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- Ryner, Sascha. "Three from three for Turner as Team Australia finish with 28 medals". Athletics Australia News, 24 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.