Russell Township, Geauga County, Ohio
|Russell Township, Geauga County, Ohio|
Location of Russell Township in Geauga County
|• Total||19.4 sq mi (50.2 km2)|
|• Land||19.2 sq mi (49.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||1,086 ft (331 m)|
|• Density||271/sq mi (104.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1086160|
Located in the western part of the county, it borders the following townships and villages:
- Chester Township - north
- Munson Township - northeast corner
- Newbury Township - east
- Auburn Township - southeast corner
- Bainbridge Township - south
- Chagrin Falls - southwest, south of Chagrin Falls Township
- Chagrin Falls Township - southwest, north of Chagrin Falls
- Moreland Hills - west, south of Hunting Valley
- Hunting Valley - west, north of Moreland Hills
- Gates Mills - northwest corner
Name and history
The first five inhabitants — Gideon Russell and his family, who came in 1818 — settled on what today is Chillicothe Road. In 1827 the township was named Russell, although it had been previously known as the West Woods by neighboring communities. In April of that year the people elected John Lowry, Clark Robinson, and Gideon Russell as their first township trustees. It was Robinson that created the first framed building and started the first store.
Russell is the home of ASM International, formerly known as the American Society for Metals, whose headquarters is marked by a gigantic geodesic dome, visited by Buckminster Fuller upon its completion.
Nearly all of the non-incorporated parts of the township are served in education by the West Geauga district. (South Russell village and a small part of the rest is covered by the Chagrin Falls district.) In private education, the Butler Campus of Laurel School is on Fairmount Road (originally named "Fairmount Campus" for its location), which has a lodge, pavilion, tree house, residence, and adventure course.
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Russell township, Geauga County, Ohio". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
- Geauga County, Ohio — Population by Places Estimates Ohio State University, 2007. Accessed 15 May 2007.
- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Novelty, Ohio
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Novelty Post Office, Ohio
- Novelty Post Office Location. United States Postal Service. Retrieved on 2011-04-27.
- Pioneer and General History of Geauga County: With Sketches of Some of the Pioneers and Prominent Men. Historical Society of Geauga County. 1880. p. 109.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.