Russia–Ukraine barrier

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Russia–Ukraine barrier
RussiaUkraine border
TypeBorder barrier
Site information
Controlled byArmed Forces of Ukraine
ConditionActive
Site history
Built2014–2018 (planned)
Built byUkraine
In use2015–present
Battles/warsWar in Donbass

Russia–Ukraine barrier, also known as Ukrainian Wall or European Wall,[1][2] or as Project Wall in Ukraine[3] is a fortified border barrier currently under construction by Ukraine on the Russia–Ukraine border. The aim of the project, according to Ukraine, is preventing Russian military intervention in Ukraine[4][better source needed] and to assist with obtaining visa-free travel with the European Union.[5] The former Prime Minister of Ukraine Arseniy Yatsenyuk presented this project on 3 September 2014. On 12 September 2014, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine has allocated 100 million hryvnia[6] for the construction of fortifications on the border with Russia and on the border with Crimea. On 18 March 2015, the Ukrainian government allocated 865 million hryvnia to build fortifications on the border between Ukraine and Russia.[7]

History[edit]

Following the 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, in June 2014, Ukrainian politician and business magnate Ihor Kolomoyskyi suggested that Ukraine should build a wall along the border with Russia.[8] On 3 September 2014 Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced Ukraine would strengthen its border with Russia and called this "Project Wall".[9] The command of Ukraine's anti-terrorist forces stated that "Two defense lines have been planned, and their main goal is to prevent the infiltration by the adversary into the territory of Ukraine".[10] According to Yatsenyuk the project was needed "to cut off Russian support for insurgents in eastern regions" and also to obtain a visa-free regime with the European Union for Ukraine.[11][12] It is also an employment project.[13] Project "Wall" was officially started on 10 September 2014.[14]

On September 12, 2014 The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine allocated 100 million hryvnia[15] for the construction of fortifications on the border with Russia and on the border with Crimea. On 18 March 2015, the Ukrainian government allocated 865 million hryvnia to build fortifications on the border between Ukraine and Russia.[16] On 10 April 2015, Poland allocated a loan of $100 million for the modernization of the energy sector and improvement of external borders of Ukraine.

As of May 2015, a walled defense system was under construction along the Russian border in Kharkiv Oblast.[17] The project was planned to be finished in 2018.[18]

On 20 August 2015, it was announced that Ukraine has completed 10% of the fortification line, stating that roughly 180 km of anti-tank ditches had been dug, 40 km of barbed wire fence and 500 fortification obstacles had been erected. 139 million hryvnia out of 300 million allocated has been used for construction of the wall at this point, and that another 460 million hryvnia were budgeted for 2016.[2][19]

In August 2017 it became public that large amounts of the money intended to pay for the Wall project were misused and even stolen. The National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU) announced the arrest of several individuals involved in the building of the fortified border.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ukrainian border guards support extending European Wall project to border with Transdniestria". Kyivpost.com. Interfax. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Ukrainian border guards use almost half of money allocated for European Wall in 2015". Interfax-Ukraine. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  3. ^ https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/03/happened-ukraine-border-wall-russia-180323174012391.html
  4. ^ Vijai Maheshwari (27 October 2014). "The Great Wall of Ukraine". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Yatseniuk: Project Wall to allow Ukraine to get visa-free regime with EU". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  6. ^ Уряд уже виділив 100 млн грн на проект "Стіна" [The government has allocated 100 million hryvnias for "The Wall" project] (in Ukrainian). Espreso. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Government to allocate 865 mln to build fortified border with Russia". Ukrinform. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  8. ^ Timothy Heritage. As Ukraine mulls security, some say build a wall with Russia. Reuters. Jun 17, 2014.
  9. ^ Ukraine’s Wall project along border with Russia monument to human stupidity — CSTO SecGen, Russian News Agency "TASS" ( October 21, 2014)
  10. ^ Anna Dolgov. Ukraine Starts Building Wall to Keep Russia Out. Moscow Times. Sep. 11 2014.
  11. ^ Ukraine to spend 83.5 mln USD in building wall with Russia: PM, Xinhua News Agency (2014-10-08)
  12. ^ Yatseniuk: Project Wall to allow Ukraine to get visa-free regime with EU, Interfax-Ukraine (15.10.2014)
  13. ^ Over 1,100 people ready to participate in project to secure Ukraine's state border – PM, Interfax-Ukraine (15.10.2014)
  14. ^ Ukraine started to build a wall on the border with Russia. Ukrinform. 10 September 2014
  15. ^ Уряд уже виділив 100 млн грн на проект "Стіна" [The government has allocated 100 million hryvnias for "The Wall" project] (in Ukrainian). Espreso. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Government to allocate 865 mln to build fortified border with Russia". Ukrinform. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  17. ^ As Ukraine Erects Defenses, Critics Fear Expensive Failure. Moscow Times. May 6, 2015
  18. ^ 'Great Wall of Ukraine' fortification along Russian border set for completion before late 2018: PM. Ukraine Today. May. 23, 2015.
  19. ^ "'Great Wall of Ukraine': Russian border fortification less than 10% built". Ukraine Today. Ukraine: Ukraine Today. Ukraine Today. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Корупційні дірки в "Стіні Яценюка"". Українська правда. Retrieved 2017-09-07.