Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula
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The Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula (Chinese: 旅大租地条约 Russian: Русско-китайская конвенция), also known as the Pavlov Agreement, is a treaty signed between Alexander Pavlov of the Empire of Russia and Li Hongzhang of the Qing Empire of China on 27 March 1898. The treaty granted Russia the lease of Port Arthur (Lüshun) and permitted its railway to extend to the port (later South Manchuria Railway) from one of the points of the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER).