Russia competed in its first Davis Cup in 1962, as the Soviet Union, until 1991, and in 1992 under the name of CIS. Russia played a total of 117 series, of which they won 77 and lost 40. It won the Cup twice – in 2002 and 2006, respectively against France and Argentina. In 1994, 1995 and 2007 the team played in the final – against Sweden and USA, the latter two.
Russia was the top-ranked country in the Davis Cup standings in 2009, but were upset by Israel in their quarterfinal tie in July 2009, on indoor hard courts at the Nokia Arena in Tel Aviv.