In six appearances Russian athletes have won a total of 421 medals at the Summer Olympic Games and another 124 at the Winter Olympic Games. Over the most recent twelve Games (since 1994), Russia's 545 total medals, including 196 gold medals, are second only to the United States.
All Summer and Winter Olympic medals of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire were inherited by Russia, but not combined together with the medal count of the Russian Federation.
On 10 February 2014, Viktor Ahn won the first short track speedskating medal for Russia competing as Russia. He won the bronze medal in the 1500m short track speedskating event at the 2014 Sochi winter Olympics.
On 15 February 2014, Ahn won the second Russian gold medal in the 1000m short track speedskating event, leading the first Russian 1-2 finish in short track, with Vladimir Grigorev winning silver. At 31 years and 191 days, Grigorev also became the oldest man to win a short track Olympic medal.
On 20 February 2014, Adelina Sotnikova won the first ever Russian ladies figure skating gold medal.