Russian Army order of battle (1812)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Imperial Russian Army in 1812 consists of 3 main armies and other military formations. Commander in Chief Emperor of the Army was Alexander I.

First Western Army[edit]

General of the Infantry Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly[1])

  • 1st Infantry Corps:[2] Lieutenant General Count Peter Wittgenstein
    • 5th Infantry Division: Major General Gregor von Berg
      • 1st Brigade
        • Sievsk Grenadier and Kaluga Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Perm and Mohilev Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 23rd and 24th Jäger Regiment
    • 14th Infantry Division: Major General Ivan Sazonov
      • 1st Brigade
        • Tula and Navaginsk Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Riga and Tenginsk Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 25th and 26th Jäger Regiment
    • Corps Artillery: Nine companies, two pontoon and one pioneer companies
    • 1st Cavalry Division: Major General Pyotr Kahovskiy
      • 1st and 5th Cavalry Brigades
        • Riga and Jamburg Dragoon Regiments, Grodno Hussar Regiment and three Cossack Regiments
  • 2nd Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Karl Gustav von Baggovut
    • 4th Infantry Division: Major General Duke Eugene of Württemberg
      • 1st Brigade
        • Kremenchug and Minsk Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Tobolsk and Volhynia Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 4th and 34th Jäger Regiments
    • 17th Infantry Division: Major General Zakhar Dmitrievich Olsufiev
      • 1st Brigade
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Brest and Wilmannstrand Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 30th and 48th Jäger Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: Seven companies
    • Elizabethgrad Hussar Regiment
  • 3rd Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Nikolai Tuchkov
    • 1st Grenadier Division: Major General Count Pavel Stroganov
      • 1st Brigade
        • Life Grenadiers and Arakcheyev Grenadier Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Pavlov and Ekaterinslav Grenadier Regiments
      • 3rd Grenadier Brigade
        • Saint Petersburg and Tauride Grenadier Regiments
    • 3rd Infantry Division: Major General Pyotr Konovnitsin
      • 1st Brigade
        • Reval and Muromsk Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Tchernigov and Kaporie Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 20th and 21st Jäger Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: Eight companies
    • Life Guard Cossack Regiment and one Cossack regiment
  • 4th Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Count Pavel Shuvalov
    • 11th Infantry Division: Major General Nikolai Bakhmetiev
      • 1st Brigade
        • Kexholm and Pernau Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Polotsk and Yeletz Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 1st and 33rd Jäger Regiments
    • 23rd Infantry Division: Major General Alexey Bakhmetiev
    • Corps Artillery: Six companies
  • 5th Reserve Guards Infantry Corps: Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia
  • 6th Infantry Corps: General of infantry Dmitry Dokhturov
    • 7th Infantry Division: Lieutenant General Peter Mikhailovich Kaptzevich
      • 1st Brigade
        • Moscow and Pskov Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Libau and Sophia Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 11th and 36th Jäger Regiments
      • 7th Divisional Artillery
    • 24th Infantry Division: Major General Pyotr Likhachyov
      • 1st Brigade
        • Ufa and Schirvan Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Butirsk and Tomsk Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 19th and 40th Jäger Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: Seven companies
    • Sumy Hussar Regiment
  • 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps: General aide-de-camp Fyodor Uvarov
    • 1st Guards Cavalry Brigade
      • Life Guard Dragoon, Life Guard Hussar and Life Guard Uhlan Regiments
    • Brigade
      • Kazan and Niezhin Dragoon Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: One company
  • 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps: General aide-de-camp Baron Fyodor Korf
    • 6th Cavalry Brigade
      • Pskov and Moscow Dragoon Regiments
    • 7th Cavalry Brigade
      • Kargopol[4] and Ingermanland Dragoon Regiments
    • Brigade
      • Isum Hussar and Polish Uhlan Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: One company
  • 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps: Major General Count Peter Petrovich Pahlen
    • Brigade
      • Courland and Orenburg Dragoon Regiments
    • Brigade
      • Siberia and Irkutsk Dragoon Regiments
    • Brigade
      • Mariopol Hussar Regiment
    • Corps Artillery: One company
  • Artillery Reserve: Count Kutaisov
    • 21 foot and five horse artillery companies
  • Flying Cossack Corps: General of Cavalry Count Matvei Platov

Source: Pivka, Otto von (1979). Armies of the Napoleonic Era. New York, N.Y.: Taplinger Publishing. pp. 216–217. ISBN 0-8008-5471-3. 
Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. p. 391. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. 

Second Western Army[edit]

General of the Infantry Prince Pyotr Bagration

  • 7th Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Nikolay Raevsky
    • 12th Infantry Division: Major General Illarion Vasilievich Vasilchokov
      • 1st Brigade
        • Smolensk and Narva Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Alexopol and New Ingermanland Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 6th and 41st Jäger Regiments
    • 26th Infantry Division: Major General Ivan Paskevich
      • 1st Brigade
        • Ladoga and Poltava Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Nishegorod and Orel Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 3rd, 5th and 42nd Jäger Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: Unknown
  • 8th Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Nikolay Borozdin
    • 2nd Grenadier Division: Major General Prince Karl von Mecklenburg
      • 1st Grenadier Brigade
        • Crimea and Moscow Grenadier Regiments
      • 2nd Grenadier Brigade
        • Astrakhan and Fanagoria Grenadier Regiments
      • 3rd Grenadier Brigade
        • Siberia and Little Russia Grenadier Regiments
    • 27th Infantry Division: Major General Dmitri Petrovich Neverovsky
      • 1st Brigade
        • Odessa and Zhitomir (or Tarnopol) Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Vilna and Simbirsk Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 49th and 50th Jäger Regiments
    • 3rd Grenadier Division
      • 22 combined grenadier battalions
    • Corps Artillery: Five companies
    • 2nd Cuirassier Division: Major General Ilya Mikhailovich Duka
      • 2nd Cavalry Brigade
        • Ekaterinoslav and Military Order Cuirassier Regiments
      • 3rd Cavalry Brigade
        • Gluchov, Little Russia and Novgorod Cuirassier Regiments
  • 4th Reserve Cavalry Corps: Major General Count Karl Sivers
    • 12th Cavalry Brigade
      • Kharkov and Chernigov Dragoon Regiments
    • 13th Cavalry Brigade
      • Kiev and New Russian Dragoon Regiments
    • Cavalry Brigade
      • Achtyrsk Hussar and Lithuanian Uhlan Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: One company
  • Cossack detachment: Major General Ivan K. Krasnov

Source: Pivka, Otto von (1979). Armies of the Napoleonic Era. New York, N.Y.: Taplinger Publishing. pp. 216–217. ISBN 0-8008-5471-3. 
Source: Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. pp. 391–392. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. 

3rd Reserve Army of Observation[edit]

General of cavalry Alexander Tormasov

  • Infantry Corps: General of Infantry Sergei Kamenskii
    • 18th Infantry Division
      • 1st Brigade
        • Vladimir and Tambov Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Kostroma and Dneiprovsk Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 28th and 32nd Jäger Regiments
    • Combined Grenadier Division
      • 18 combined grenadier battalions
    • Corps Artillery: Four companies
    • Pavlovgrad Hussar Regiment
  • Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Yevgeni Ivanovich Markov
    • 9th Infantry Division
      • 1st Brigade
        • Nascheburg and Yakutsk Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Apscheron and Riazhsk Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 10th and 38th Jäger Regiments
    • 15th Infantry Division
      • 1st Brigade
        • Koslov and Vitebsk Infantry Regiments
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Kura and Kolyvan Infantry Regiments
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 13th and 14th Jäger Regiments
    • Corps Artillery: Seven companies
    • Alexandria Hussar Regiment
  • Infantry Corps: Lieutenant General Baron Fabian Gottlieb von Osten-Sacken
    • 36th Infantry Division
      • Unknown composition
    • 11th Cavalry Division
      • Lubny Hussar Regiment, other units unknown
    • Corps Artillery: Two companies
  • Cavalry Corps: Major General Count Charles de Lambert
    • 5th Cavalry Division
      • 15th Cavalry Brigade
        • Starodub and Tver Dragoon Regiments
      • 16th Cavalry Brigade
        • Arsamass and Zhitomir Dragoon Regiments
      • 17th Cavalry Brigade
        • Vladimir, Taganrog and Serpuchov Dragoon Regiments and Tartar Uhlan Regiment
    • Nine Cossack regiments

Source: Pivka, Otto von (1979). Armies of the Napoleonic Era. New York, N.Y.: Taplinger Publishing. ISBN 0-8008-5471-3. 

Danube Army[edit]

Admiral Pavel Chichagov

Separate Corps and detachments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael de Tolly was appointed the commander-in-chief of the 1st Army on 19 March 1812. However, after arrival of Emperor Alexander I in Vilnius, the latter became de jure and de facto a commander-in-chief.
  2. ^ In June 1812 the 1st Infantry Corps was excluded from the 1st Army and left by the Northern Dvina for protection of Saint Petersburg
  3. ^ Riehn, Richard (1991). 1812: Napoleon's Russian Campaign. United States: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 444–464. ISBN 0-471-54302-0. 
  4. ^ the correct name for both the town and the regiment is "Kargopol"

External links[edit]