Russian Army order of battle (1812)

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The Imperial Russian Army in 1812 consists of 3 main armies and other military formations. Commander in Chief Emperor of the Army was Alexander I.

First Western Army[edit]

General of the Infantry Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly[1])

  • 1st Infantry Corps[2] (Lieutenant General Count Peter Wittgenstein)
    • 5th Infantry Division (Major General Gregor von Berg)
      • 1st Brigade, 5th ID
      • 2nd Brigade, 5th ID
        • Perm Infantry Regiment
      • 3rd Brigade (Rifle), 5th ID
        • 23rd Rifle Regiment
        • 24th Rifle Regiment
      • 5th Divisional Artillery Brigade
    • 14th Infantry Division (Major General Ivan Sazonov)
      • 1st Brigade
      • 2nd Brigade
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 25th and 26th Rifle Regiments
      • 14th Artillery Brigade
    • 1st Cavalry Division (Major General Pyotr Kahovskiy)
      • 1st Cavalry Brigade
      • 5th Cavalry Brigade
  • 2nd Infantry Corps (Lieutenant General Karl Gustav von Baggovut)
    • 4th Infantry Division (Major General Duke Eugene of Württemberg)
      • 1st Brigade
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Minsk Infantry Regiment
      • 3rd Brigade (Rifle)
        • 4th Rifle Regiment
        • 34th Rifle Regiment
      • 4th Divisional Artillery
    • 17th Infantry Division (Major General Zakhar Olsufiev)
      • 1st Brigade
        • Ryazan Infantry Regiment
        • Brest Infantry Regiment
      • 2nd Brigade
      • 3rd Brigade
      • 17th Divisional Artillery
      • Elizabethgrad Hussar Regiment
  • 3rd Infantry Corps (Lieutenant General Nikolai Tuchkov)
    • 1st Grenadier Division (Major General Count Pavel Stroganov)
      • 1st Grenadier Brigade
        • Life Grenadiers Regiment
      • 2nd Grenadier Brigade
        • Pavlov Grenadiers Regiment
        • Ekaterinslav Grenadiers Regiment
      • 3rd Grenadier Brigade
        • Saint Petersburg Grenadiers Regiment
    • 3rd Infantry Division (Major General Pyotr Konovnitsin)
      • 1st Brigade
        • Revel Regiment
        • Muromsk Regiment
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Tchernigov Regiment
        • Kaporask Regiment
      • 3rd Brigade (Rifle)
        • 20th Rifle Regiment
        • 21st Rifle Regtiment.
      • 3rd Divisional Artillery
      • Life Guard Cossack Regiment
  • 4th Infantry Corps (Lieutenant General Count Pavel Shuvalov)
    • 11th Infantry Division (Major General Nikolai Bakhmetiev)
      • 1st Brigade
      • 2nd Brigade
      • 3rd Brigade
      • 11th Divisional Artillery
    • 23rd Infantry Division (Major General Alexey Bakhmetiev)
  • 5th Reserve Guards Infantry Corps (Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia)
  • 6th Infantry Corps (General of infantry Dmitry Dokhturov)
    • 7th Infantry Division (Lieutenant General Pyotr Kaptsevich)
      • 1st Brigade
        • Moscow Infantry Regiment
        • Pskov Infantry Regiment
      • 2nd Brigade
      • 3rd Brigade (Rifle)
        • 11th Rifle Regiment
        • 40th Jaeger Regiment
      • 7th Divisional Artillery
    • 24th Infantry Division (Major General Pyotr Likhachyov)
      • 1st Brigade
      • 2nd Brigade
        • Tomsk Infantry Regiment
      • 3rd Brigade
        • 19th Rifle Regt.
        • 40th Rifle Regt.
      • Sumsk Hussar Regiment
      • 24th Divisional Artillery
  • 1st Reserve Cavalry Corps (General aide-de-camp Fyodor Uvarov)
    • 1st Guards Cavalry Brigade
      • Life Guard Hussar Regiment
      • Lifeguard Uhlan Regiment
      • Lifeguard Dragoon Regiment
    • 2nd Brigade
      • Kazan Dragoons Regiment
  • 2nd Reserve Cavalry Corps (General aide-de-camp Baron Fyodor Korf)
    • 1st Brigade
      • Pskov Dragoons Regiment
      • Moscow Dragoons Regiment
    • 2nd Brigade
  • 3rd Reserve Cavalry Corps (Major General Count Pyotr von der Pahlen)
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
      • Orenburg Dragoon Regiment
  • The "flying" Cossack Corps (General of cavalry Count Matvei Platov)

2nd Army of the West[edit]

General of infantry Prince Pyotr Bagration

  • 7th Infantry Corps (Lieutenant General Nikolay Raevsky)
    • 7th Infantry Division
    • 12th Infantry Division
  • 8th Infantry Corps (Lieutenant General Nikolay Borozdin)
    • 2nd Grenadier Division
      • 1st Grenadier Brigade
        • Moscow Grenadier Regiment
        • Kiev Grenadier Regiment
      • 2nd Grenadier Brigade
      • 3rd Grenadier Brigade
      • 2nd Divisional Artillery
    • 27th Infantry Division
    • 2nd Combined Grenadier Division
    • 2nd Cuirassier Division
  • 4th Reserve Cavalry Corps (Major General Count Karl Sivers)
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
      • Kiev Dragoon Regiment
  • Cossack detachment (General Major Ivan K. Krasnov)

3rd Reserve Army of Observation[edit]

General of cavalry Alexander Tormasov

Danube Army[edit]

Admiral Pavel Chichagov

Separate Corps and detachments[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Michael de Tolly was appointed the commander-in-chief of the 1st Army on 19 March 1812. However, after arrival of Emperor Alexander I in Vilnius, the latter became de jure and de facto a commander-in-chief.
  2. ^ In June 1812 the 1st Infantry Corps was excluded from the 1st Army and left by the Northern Dvina for protection of Saint Petersburg
  3. ^ Riehn, Richard (1991). 1812: Napoleon's Russian Campaign. United States: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 444–464. ISBN 0-471-54302-0. 

External links[edit]