A Russian Census is a census of the population of Russia. Such a census has occurred at various irregular points in the history of Russia both before and after its period of incorporation into the Soviet Union. The first and only complete population census conducted in the period of the Russian Empire was the Russian Empire Census conducted in 1897. Another Russian Census occurred in 1920. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, a Russian Census occurred in 2002, the first population census conducted in the post-Soviet Russia. The next Russian Census thereafter was carried out in 2010.