List of Russian censuses

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Russian Federation Census
Перепись населения
Российской Федерации
Perepis' naseleniya
Rossiyskoy Federatsiyi
Russian Federal State Statistics Service Emblem.svg
Location(s)Moscow, Myasnitskaya st., 39
CountryRussia
InauguratedJanuary 28, 1897; 122 years ago (1897-01-28)
Most recentOctober 25, 2010; 8 years ago (2010-10-25)
Next event2020; 1 year's time (2020)
Websitegks.ru

A Russian census is a census of the population of Russia. Such a census has occurred at various irregular points in the history of Russia.

Introduced in 1897 during the Russian Empire, the census tooks place decennialy since 2010 according to the UN standards. Preparing and organizing the census is under the authority of the Federal State Statistics Service, branch of the Ministry of Economic Development since 2017.

History[edit]

Year Government Territory (km2) Total population Progress Urban population Male population Female population Largest city Ethnic Russians Notes
1897  Russian Empire 22 440 000 125 640 021 16 828 395 est. 62 568 730 est. 63 071 290 Coat of Arms of St Petersburg (1780).png Saint-Petersburg
(1 264 900)
55 667 469 The first census in the Russian history. The first and only census during the Russian Empire. Excluded Finland.
1920 Soviet Russia 19 651 446 est. 136 800 000 Increase 8.9% est. 20 900 000 Took place during the Civil War and the Soviet-Polish War. Excluded Crimea, Far East, Northern Caucasus and other territories.
1926  Soviet Union 21 176 187
(RSFSR: 19 651 446)
147 027 915
(RSFSR: 100 891 244)
Increase 7.5%
(RSFSR:
Decrease 26.2%)
26 314 114
(RSFSR: 17 442 655)
71 043 352
(RSFSR: 48 170 635)
75 984 563
(RSFSR: 52 720 609)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(2 025 947)
77 791 124
(RSFSR: 74 072 096)
The first full-scale census under the Soviet government.
1937 est. 162 000 000
(RSFSR:
—)
Increase 10.2%
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(—)
Was first set to take place in 1933, but was delayed multiple times because of Joseph Stalin's politics of collectivization, forced famine and political repression has lowered the population dramatically. The only one-day census in the Russian history. Proclaimed defective by the Soviet government in September 1937.
1939 170 557 093
(RSFSR: 109 397 463)
Increase 5.3%
(RSFSR:
Increase 8.4% since 1926)
est. 56 100 000
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(—)
99 591 520
(RSFSR:
—)
Took place instead of the 1937 census proclaimed "defective" for its low numbers that didn't satisfy Stalin.
1959 22 402 200
(RSFSR: 17 098 246)
208 826 650
(RSFSR:
—)
Increase 22.4%
(RSFSR:
—)
100 236 792
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(5 045 905)
114 113 579
(RSFSR:
—)
The population increased dramatically after the Soviet territorial expansion after the World War II.
1970 241 720 134
(RSFSR: est. 130 079 200)
Increase 15.7%
(RSFSR:
Increase 19% since 1939)
est. 135 363 275
(RSFSR:
—)
est. 111 432 981
(RSFSR:
—)
est. 130 287 153
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(—)
129 015 140
(RSFSR:
—)
1979 262 436 227
(RSFSR: est. 137 409 900)
Increase 8.6%
(RSFSR:
Increase 5.6%)
est. 162 710 460
(RSFSR:
—)
est. 122 557 718
(RSFSR:
—)
est. 139 878 509
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(—)
137 397 089
(RSFSR: est. 113 521 900)
1989 286 730 819
(RSFSR: est. 147 400 000)
Increase 9.3%
(RSFSR:
Increase 7.3%)
est. 172 038 491
(RSFSR:
—)
Coat of Arms of Moscow (Soviet).svg Moscow
(est. 9 000 000)
145 155 489
(RSFSR: est. 120 131 000)
The last census of the Soviet Union.
2002  Russia 17 098 246 145 166 731 Decrease 49.4%
(compared with RSFSR:
Decrease 1.5%)
est. 105 971 713 est. 67 647 697 est. 77 519 034 Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
(—)
est. 115 843 051 The first census after the USSR collapse showed depressing decline after the demographic crisis that began to unfold in the 1990s.
2010 142 905 200 Decrease 1.6% est. 105 321 132 Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
(est. 11 700 000)
111 016 896
2014  Russia 17 125 191 145 189 969 Increase 1.6% Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
(—)
The census of the Crimean peninsula took place after it became a part of Russia.
current statistics
(2019)
 Russia 146 793 744 Increase 1.1% Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
(12 228 685)
2020

See also[edit]