Russian Communist Workers Party

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The Russian Communist Workers' Party (in Russian: Российская Коммунистическая Рабочая Партия; transcription: Rossiiskaja Kommunističeskaja Rabočaja Partija or RKRP) was a communist party in Russia. It was established in November 1991 with the aim of resurrecting socialism and the USSR.

It published a newspaper called Trudovaja Rossija (Трудовая Россия; "Working People's Russia") and the journal Sovetskij Sojuz (Советский Союз; "Soviet Union").

In February 1993 it was one of a number of Bolshevik groups invited to a conference at which the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF) was established. However RKRP leader Viktor Anpilov joined with All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks leader Nina Andreyeva in rejecting the KPRF as reformist and refused to join the new movement.[1] However, despite Anpilov's stance much of the party's membership, including the entirety of the organisation in RKRP stronghold Kemerovo, defected to the KPRF soon after its establishment.[1]

The party was one of a number of groups barred from taking part in the 1993 Duma elections because they were linked, or perceived to be linked, to the October insurgency of that same year.[2]

In October 2001 it merged with the Russian Party of Communists to form the Russian Communist Workers' Party – Revolutionary Party of Communists.


  1. ^ a b Richard Sakwa, Russian Politics and Society, Routledge, 1996, p. 85
  2. ^ Sakwa, Russian Politics and Society, p. 106