Russian First League

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Russian First League
1st League Logo 2022.png
Founded1992; 30 years ago (1992)
CountryRussia
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams18
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toPremier League
Relegation toFNL 2
Domestic cup(s)Russian Cup
Current championsTorpedo Moscow (1st title)
(2021–22)
Most championshipsChernomorets
Tyumen
Luch-Energiya
Shinnik
Anzhi
Mordovia
Orenburg
Krylia Sovetov (2 titles)
Websitehttp://www.1fnl.ru/
Current: 2022–23 Russian First League
Old logo from 2011 to 2020.
Previous logo, 2020 to 2022.

The Russian First League (Russian: Первая лига, Pervaya liga), formerly called Russian First Division (Russian: Первый дивизион) and Russian Football National League (FNL) (Russian: Первенство Футбольной Национальной Лиги, Pervenstvo Futbol'noy Natsional'noy Ligi) is the second level of the Russian football league system.

The Russian Professional Football League (PFL) used to run the division. Since 2011, it has been managed by the Football National League.

The league consists of 18 clubs. After each season the two top clubs are promoted to the Premier League, and the bottom four clubs are relegated to the Russian Professional Football League. Third and fourth team play in home-and-away promotion play-offs against the 13th and 14th Premier League teams. In case one or more clubs are not licensed to participate for the upcoming season, the teams previously relegated are kept in the league instead, in the order of last season's standings. The reserve squads of the Premier League teams (such as FC Krasnodar-2) are not eligible for promotion, only for relegation.

History[edit]

Due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, all Russian clubs of the former Soviet Top League and Soviet First League unified into the Russian Top Division, which meant that the new second tier of Russian football would remain regionalized.

On 10 June 2022, the number of teams in the league was reduced from 20 to 18 for the 2022–23 season.[1] On the same day, the league requested Russian Football Union to rename the league to its historical name of Russian First League.[2] RFU officially approved the name change on 23 June 2022.[3] On the same date the league announced that the league's title sponsor would be a bookmaker Melbet.[4]

2022–23 clubs[edit]

Winners and top scorers[edit]

Season Winners Also promoted Top scorer
1992 Zhemchuzhina-Amerus (West)
KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny (Centre)
Luch Vladivostok (East)
 – Georgia (country) Gocha Gogrichiani (Zhemchuzhina-Amerus, West) – 26
Russia Oleg Teryokhin (Sokol Saratov, Centre) – 27
Russia Vyacheslav Kartashov (Irtysh Omsk, East) – 19
1993 Chernomorets Novorossiysk (West, not promoted)
Lada Togliatti (Centre)
Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen (East)
 – Russia Sergey Burdin (Chernomorets Novorossiysk, West) – 25
Russia Vladimir Filimonov (Zvezda Perm, Centre) – 37
Russia Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen, East) – 22
1994 Chernomorets Novorossiysk Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don Russia Dmitri Silin (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 35
1995 Baltika Kaliningrad Lada Togliatti
Zenit Saint Petersburg
Russia Sergei Bulatov (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 29
1996 Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen Shinnik Yaroslavl
Fakel Voronezh
Georgia (country) Varlam Kilasonia (Lokomotiv Saint Petersburg) – 22
1997 Uralan Elista  – Russia Aleksei Chernov (Lada-Grad Dimitrovgrad) – 29
1998 Saturn Moscow Region Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod Brazil Andradina (Arsenal Tula) – 27
1999 Anzhi Makhachkala Fakel Voronezh Russia Konstantin Paramonov (Amkar Perm) – 23
2000 Sokol Saratov Torpedo-ZIL Moscow Russia Andrei Fedkov (Sokol Saratov) – 26
2001 Shinnik Yaroslavl Uralan Elista Russia Vitaly Kakunin (Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk) – 20
2002 Rubin Kazan Chernomorets Novorossiysk Russia Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 20
Georgia (country) David Chaladze (Rubin Kazan) – 20
2003 Amkar Perm Kuban Krasnodar Russia Aleksandr Panov (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 23
2004 Terek Grozny Tom Tomsk Russia Andrei Fedkov (Terek Grozny) – 38
2005 Luch-Energia Vladivostok Spartak Nalchik Russia Yevgeni Alkhimov (Lokomotiv Chita) – 24
2006 Khimki Kuban Krasnodar Russia Yevgeni Alkhimov (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 25
2007 Shinnik Yaroslavl Terek Grozny Russia Dmitri Akimov (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 34
2008 FC Rostov Kuban Krasnodar Russia Denis Popov (Torpedo Moscow/Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 24
2009 Anzhi Makhachkala Sibir Novosibirsk
Alania Vladikavkaz
Russia Aleksei Medvedev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 18
2010 Kuban Krasnodar Volga Nizhny Novgorod
Krasnodar
Georgia (country) Otar Martsvaladze (Volga Nizhny Novgorod) – 21
2011–12 Mordovia Saransk Alania Vladikavkaz Russia Ruslan Mukhametshin (Mordovia Saransk) – 31
2012–13 Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast Tom Tomsk Russia Spartak Gogniyev (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 17
2013–14 Mordovia Saransk Arsenal Tula
Torpedo Moscow
Ufa
Russia Aleksandr Kutyin (Arsenal Tula) – 19
2014–15 Krylia Sovetov Samara Anzhi Makhachkala Ivory Coast Yannick Boli (Anzhi Makhachkala) – 15
2015–16 Gazovik Orenburg Arsenal Tula
Tom Tomsk
Russia Artyom Delkin (Gazovik Orenburg) – 16
Russia Khasan Mamtov (Tyumen) – 16
Russia Maksim Zhitnev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 16
2016–17 Dynamo Moscow Tosno
SKA-Khabarovsk
Russia Kirill Panchenko (Dynamo Moscow) – 24
2017–18 Orenburg Krylia Sovetov Samara
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk
Russia Artyom Kulishev (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 17
2018–19 Tambov Sochi Russia Maksim Barsov (Sochi) – 19
2019–20 Rotor Volgograd Khimki Russia Aleksandr Rudenko (Spartak-2 Moscow/Torpedo Moscow) – 14
Russia Ivan Sergeyev (Torpedo Moscow) – 14
2020–21 Krylia Sovetov Samara Nizhny Novgorod Russia Ivan Sergeyev (Krylia Sovetov Samara) – 40
2021–22 Torpedo Moscow Fakel Voronezh
Orenburg
Russia Maksim Maksimov (Fakel Voronezh) – 22

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "18 КОМАНД ПРИМУТ УЧАСТИЕ В ОЛИМП-ФНЛ-1 В СЕЗОНЕ-2022/23" (in Russian). Russian Football National League. 10 June 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  2. ^ "ПРЕЗИДИУМ ФНЛ ПРИНЯЛ РЕШЕНИЕ ОБ УЧАСТИИ 18 КОМАНД В СЕЗОНЕ-2022/23, СТАРТ ТУРНИРА ЗАПЛАНИРОВАН НА 17 ИЮЛЯ" (in Russian). Russian First League. 10 June 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Первая лига" (in Russian). Russian Football Union. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
  4. ^ "КОМПАНИЯ "МЕЛБЕТ" СТАЛА ТИТУЛЬНЫМ ПАРТНЁРОМ ПЕРВОЙ ЛИГИ" (in Russian). Russian First League. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2022.

External links[edit]