Russian Navy Ensign

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Naval flag of the Russian Federation
Naval Ensign of Russia.svg
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 1712

The Russian Navy Ensign (Russian: Андреевский флаг; Russian Pre-reform: Андреевскій флагъ) was the ensign of the Navy of the Russian Empire (from 1712 to 1918), and is the naval flag of the Russian Federation and the banner of the Navy of the Russian Federation (since 1992).

The St Andrew's flag has a white background with two blue diagonal bands, forming a saltire, called St Andrew's Cross. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is 1 / 1.5, the width of the blue band is 1 / 10 the length of the flag.


A Russian naval jack incorporating the St Andrew's cross that was flown by the 74-gun ship Vladislav at the battle of Hogland in 1788

In 1698, Peter I the Great established the first Russian medal, the Order of St Andrew, which is to be awarded for military exploits and public service. When Peter I became tsar, he started to devise a flag for the Russian Navy. The symbolism of the flag is a tribute to his father, Alexey Mikhaylovich Romanov who established a special flag for the first Russian naval vessel, the three-masted frigate Oryol.

From 1692 to 1712, Peter I personally drew eight flags projects that have consistently been taken into the Navy. Description of the flag's final version by Peter I:

The flag is white, across it there is St Andrew's blue cross, with which he baptized Russia.

Original Text (Orthography and font (ru) are also original):

Флагъ бѣлый, поперекъ этого имѣется синїй Андреевскїй крестъ, коимъ Россїю окрестилъ онъ.

After the Russian revolution, the Russian Navy Ensign was changed, but it was used by the White Army up to 1924. The flag of St Andrew was reintroduced in the Russian Navy in 1992, and is still used today.

See also[edit]