Russian Olympic Committee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Russian Olympic Committee
Russian Olympic Committee logo
Country/Region Russia
CodeRUS
Created1911
Recognized
  • 1911 (original)
  • 1992 (second time)
Continental
Association
EOC
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
PresidentStanislav Pozdnyakov
Secretary GeneralAnastasia Davydova
Websitewww.olympic.ru
Headquarters of the OKR in Moscow

The Russian Olympic Committee (Russian: Олимпийский комитет России (ОКР), romanizedOlimpiyskiy komitet Rossii (OKR); Full name: All-Russian united social union "Olympic Committee of Russia", Russian: Общероссийский союз общественных объединений «Олимпийский комитет России», romanizedObshcherossiyskiy soyuz obshchestvennykh ob"yedineniy «Olimpiyskiy komitet Rossii») is the National Olympic Committee representing Russia.

History[edit]

Russia's Olympic Committee was founded in 1911 by representatives of Russian Sports Societies at a meeting in Saint Petersburg, in the premises of the Imperial Russian Society for Saving on the Water (Sadovaya Street 50), when the Statute was adopted and members of the committee were elected.

The first chairman of the Russian Olympic Committee was Vyacheslav Sreznevsky.[1]

By decision of the Constituent Assembly on 1 December 1989, the All-Russian Olympic Committee was established as an independent public organization. On 13 August 1992, it was officially named the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC). Full and final recognition of ROC as a legal successor of the Soviet Olympic Committee by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) was received at the 101st Session of the IOC in September 1992.

In November 2017, the ROC launched the website Team Russia specialized for news about results of Russian athletes in sports events.[2]

2017 to present[edit]

On 5 December 2017, the Russian Olympic Committee was suspended by the IOC over its participation in a state-sponsored doping program.[3]

On 28 February 2018, following completion of doping test checks for Russian athletes who participated in the 2018 Winter Olympics, the IOC reinstated the Russian Olympic Committee, despite two failed drug tests.[4]

On 9 December 2019, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned Russia from all international sport for four years after it found that data provided by the Russian Anti-Doping Agency had been manipulated by Russian authorities with a goal of protecting athletes involved in its state-sponsored doping scheme. Russia later filed an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) against the WADA decision.[5] The Court of Arbitration for Sport, on review of Russia's appeal of its case from WADA, ruled on 17 December 2020 to reduce the penalty that WADA had placed. Instead of banning Russia from sporting events, the ruling allowed Russia to participate at the Olympics and other international events, but for a period of two years, the team cannot use the Russian name, flag, or anthem and must present themselves as "Neutral Athlete" or "Neutral Team". The ruling does allow for team uniforms to display "Russia" on the uniform as well as the use of the Russian flag colors within the uniform's design, although the name should be up to equal predominance as the "Neutral Athlete/Team" designation.[6] Russia can appeal the decision.[6]

On 19 February 2021, it was announced that Russia would compete under the acronym "ROC", after the name of the Russian Olympic Committee. On aftermatch, the IOC announced that the Russian national flag would be substituted by the flag of the Russian Olympic Committee. It would also be allowed to use team uniforms bearing the words "Russian Olympic Committee", or the acronym "ROC" would be added.[7] The name caused a stir in Taiwan.[8]

On 15 April 2021, the uniforms for the Russian Olympic Committee athletes were unveiled, featuring the colours of the Russian flag.[9][10] On 22 April 2021, the replacement for Russia's anthem was approved by the IOC, after an earlier choice of the patriotic Russian war song "Katyusha" was rejected. A fragment of Pyotr Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 is used.[11][12]

Presidents[edit]

Presidents Term years
Vyacheslav Sreznevsky 1911–1918
Vitali Smirnov 1992–2001
Leonid Tyagachev 2001–2010
Alexander Zhukov 2010–2018
Stanislav Pozdnyakov 2018–present

IOC Members[edit]

Member Term years
Vitali Smirnov 1992–2015
Alexander Popov 2000–2016
Alexander Zhukov 2013–2018
Shamil Tarpischev 1994–present
Yelena Isinbayeva 2016–present

Member federations[edit]

Russian National Federations are the organizations that coordinate all aspects of their individual sports. They are responsible for training, competition, and development of their sports. There are currently 37 Summer Olympic and 12 Winter Olympic sport federations in Russia, all headquartered in Moscow.

National Federation Summer or Winter
Russian Alpine Ski and Snowboard Federation Winter
Russian Archery Federation Summer
All-Russia Athletic Federation Summer
National Badminton Federation of Russia Summer
Russian Baseball Federation Summer
Russian Basketball Federation Summer
Russian Biathlon Union Winter
Bobsleigh Federation of Russia Winter
Boxing Federation of Russia Summer
Russian Canoe Federation Summer
Climbing Federation of Russia Summer
Cross-Country Skiing Federation of Russia Winter
Russian Curling Federation Winter
Russian Cycling Federation Summer
Russian Diving Federation Summer
Russian Equestrian federation Summer
Russian Fencing Federation Summer
Russian Field Hockey Federation Summer
Figure Skating Federation of Russia Winter
Football Union of Russia Summer
Freestyle Federation of Russia Winter
Artistic Gymnastics Federation of Russia Summer
Russian Rhythmic Gymnastics Federation Summer
Russian Golf Association Summer
Handball Federation of Russia Summer
Ice Hockey Federation of Russia Winter
Russian Judo Federation Summer
Russian Karate Federation Summer
Russian Luge Federation Winter
Russian Modern Pentathlon Federation Summer
Russian Rowing Federation Summer
Rugby Union of Russia Summer
Shooting Union of Russia Summer
Russian Skating Union Winter
Russian Ski Association Winter
Russian Ski Jumping and Nordic Combined Federation Winter
Russian Softball Federation Summer
Russian Swimming Federation Summer
Table Tennis Federation of Russia Summer
Russian Taekwondo Federation Summer
Russian Tennis Federation Summer
Russian Trampoline Federation Summer
Russian Triathlon Federation Summer
All-Russian Volleyball Federation Summer
Russian Water Polo Federation Summer
Russian Weightlifting Federation Summer
Russian Whitewater Slalom Federation Summer
Russian Wrestling Federation Summer
Russian Yachting Federation Summer

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Son to Izmail Sreznevsky.
  2. ^ https://olympic.ru/
  3. ^ "IOC suspends Russian NOC and creates a path for clean individual athletes to compete in PyeongChang 2018 under the Olympic Flag". International Olympic Committee. 5 December 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  4. ^ "IOC statement". Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Russia Confirms It Will Appeal 4-Year Olympic Ban". Time. AP. 27 December 2019. Archived from the original on 27 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b Dunbar, Graham (17 December 2020). "Russia can't use its name and flag at the next 2 Olympics". Associated Press. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  7. ^ "Olympics: Russia to compete under ROC acronym in Tokyo as part of doping sanctions". Reuters. Reuters. 19 February 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2021.
  8. ^ "【中/EN】蔡英文推特#ROC旁呈俄奧會會旗,蔡政府應表達關切 Russian Olympic Committee Flag Appearing Next to President Tsai's #ROC Tweet, Tsai Administration Should Convey its Concern - 中國國民黨全球資訊網 KMT Official Webstie".
  9. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/sports/olympics/olympics-russia-uniform-colours-1.5988161
  10. ^ "Uniforms for "neutral" Russian team at Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games unveiled". www.insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Tchaikovsky Selection To Replace Banned Russian Anthem At Tokyo 2020 and Beijing 2022 Olympics". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Tchaikovsky music approved as replacement for banned Russian national anthem". www.insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 24 May 2021.

External links[edit]