Russian Tennis Federation

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Russian Tennis Federation
Russian Tennis Federation official logo.png
SportTennis
JurisdictionNational
AbbreviationRTF
Founded2002 (2002)[1]
HeadquartersLuzhnetskaya Naberezhnaya, Moscow
PresidentShamil Tarpishchev
ReplacedAll-Russia Tennis Association
(founded)1989
Official website
www.tennis-russia.ru

Russian Tennis Federation (Russian: Федерация тенниса России) is a national governing body of tennis in Russia. It is the successor of the All-Russia Tennis Association (1989–2001) and the Tennis Federation of the USSR (1959–93). After the dissolution of All-Russia Tennis Association in 2001, it was organized and registered as supreme governing body of tennis sport in Russia in 2002.[2]

In reaction to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the ITF suspended the Russian Tennis Federation.[3][4][5] In addition, Tennis Europe suspended the federation from membership.[6][7] Teams representing Russia were therefore ineligible to compete at all Tennis Europe events (including Winter & Summer Cups, European Beach Tennis, and Senior Club Championships).[7] All Tennis Europe events in Russia were suspended, including the European Junior Tennis Championships (16 & Under) in Moscow, and delegates from Russia were not eligible to attend the 2022 Annual General Meeting of Tennis Europe.[7] Russia's participation in the Davis Cup and Billie Jean King Cup was suspended and, while most other tour-level events still accepted entries from Russian players, players were not able to compete under the name or flag of Russia. Tennis tournaments based in Russia were also cancelled.[8]

In April 2022, players that represented both Russia and Belarus were banned from the 2022 Wimbledon Championships, as well as other events in the United Kingdom. This ban was facilitated by the AELTC and the LTA.[9] Players born in Russia or Belarus, including Moscow-born women's singles champion Elena Rybakina, were able to compete, however. This decision was criticised by the ATP, WTA, and ITF, and, in May 2022, a decision was made to strip Wimbledon of its ranking points, with the tours describing the decision as undermining "the ability for players of any nationality to enter tournaments based on merit, and without discrimination."[10]

Tennis in Russia[edit]

Despite his Scottish surname and ancestry, Arthur Davidovich McPherson (1870–1919) was a native of Petersburg and lived his entire life in Russia. He was the founder and president of the first All-Russian Union of Lawn Tennis Clubs, the forerunner of today's Russian Tennis Federation, and also helped establish the country's first Olympic Committee.

In 1903 he organized the first St. Petersburg tennis championship, and four years later he set up the first national tournament. By 1913 the Russian championship was on the international tour and the game was thriving.

During the Soviet era, tennis was on the edge of survival as both non-Olympic and expensive sport strongly associated with the local royal dynasty (Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov). From 1974, for a whole decade Soviet tennis players had been forced by the Tennis Federation of the USSR to boycott all the international competitions, except for the Davis Cup, in an unsuccessful attempt of the regime to influence apartheid in South Africa.[11] In addition, local men's tennis players were seriously bullied by the other Soviet sportspeople for competing in a 'girlie' sport.[12][13][14] At a certain point, about 80 percent of tennis coaches in the USSR were women.[15]

Since the end of the Soviet era tennis has grown in popularity and Russia has produced a number of famous tennis players. In recent years, the number of top Russian women players has been considerable, with both Maria Sharapova and Dinara Safina reaching number one in the WTA rankings. Other Russian women to achieve international success include Anna Chakvetadze, Elena Dementieva, Svetlana Kuznetsova, Anastasia Myskina, Nadia Petrova, Vera Zvonareva and Anna Kournikova. The Russian Federation has won the Fed Cup 4 times, in 2004, 2005, 2007 and 2008.

At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Russia swept the women's tennis podium with Elena Dementieva winning the gold, Dinara Safina and Vera Zvonareva the silver and bronze, respectively. As of 5 October 2009, four Russian women were ranked in the WTA tour's top 10.

Russia also boasts two former number 1 men's players—Safina's older brother Marat Safin and Yevgeny Kafelnikov. Russian men currently in the top 10 include Daniil Medvedev and Andrey Rublev, the former of which was a finalist at the 2019 US Open, 2021 Australian Open, 2022 Australian Open. He won the 2021 US Open.[16] Medvedev had briefly reached the number 1 ranking in February 2022, before being overtaken by Novak Djokovic. He reached the number 1 ranking again in June 2022.[17] Medvedev was the first player that reached number 1 without being a member of the 'Big Four'; Novak Djokovic, Roger Federer, Andy Murray, and Rafael Nadal, since February 2004.[18]

Performance table[edit]

Legend
⛒ completed Career Grand Slam in singles
♫ winner of the 2020–21 Davis / Billie Jean King Cup as part of the teams during Finals — as RTF (Russian Tennis Federation logo colors: grayish blue, dark blue, vivid red)[33]
♪ first-time local winners of Grand Prix / WTC (predecessors of ATP / WTA circuits) tournament in singles (1971) — as †USSR[34]

Juniors[edit]

16-and-under teams[edit]

Legend
* was part of the winning team but did not play in the final

Junior GS singles finalists by year[edit]

Local Boys' titles
Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1959 Soviet Union Toomas Leius
started in 1973
1965 Soviet Union Vladimir Korotkov
1966 Soviet Union Vladimir Korotkov Soviet Union Vladimir Korotkov
1991 Soviet Union Andrei Medvedev
2009 Russia Andrey Kuznetsov
2014 Russia Andrey Rublev
2015 Russia Roman Safiullin
Total by
country
1x Russia 2x Soviet Union
1x Russia
3x Soviet Union
1x Russia
Local Boys' runner-ups
Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1962 Soviet Union Alex Metreveli
started in 1973
1964 Soviet Union Vladimir Korotkov
1987 Soviet Union Andrei Cherkasov
1999 Russia Mikhail Youzhny
Local Girls' titles
Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1961 Soviet Union Galina Baksheeva
started in 1974
1962 Soviet Union Galina Baksheeva
1965 Soviet Union Olga Morozova
1971 Soviet Union Yelena Granaturova Soviet Union Marina Kroschina
1975 Soviet Union Natasha Chmyreva Soviet Union Natasha Chmyreva
1976 Soviet Union Natasha Chmyreva
1986 no competition Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
1987 Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
1998 Russia Nadia Petrova
1999 Russia Lina Krasnoroutskaya
2002 Russia Vera Dushevina Russia Maria Kirilenko
2006 Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
2007 Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
2009 Russia Ksenia Pervak
2010 Russia Daria Gavrilova
2014 Russia Elizaveta Kulichkova Russia Daria Kasatkina
2015 Russia Sofya Zhuk
2016 Russia Anastasia Potapova
Total by
country
4x Russia 2x Soviet Union
2x Russia
8x Soviet Union
3x Russia
2x Soviet Union
4x Russia
Local Girls' runner-ups
Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1958 Soviet Union Anna Dmitrieva
started in 1974
1968 Soviet Union Eugenia Isopaitis
1970 Soviet Union Marina Kroschina
1986 no competition Soviet Union Leila Meskhi
1990 Soviet Union Tatiana Ignatieva
1991 Soviet Union Elena Makarova
1999 Russia Lina Krasnoroutskaya Russia Nadia Petrova
2001 Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova Russia Dinara Safina Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
2002 Russia Maria Sharapova Russia Maria Sharapova
2003 Russia Vera Dushevina Russia Anna Chakvetadze
2009 Russia Daria Gavrilova Russia Yana Buchina
2010 Russia Yulia Putintseva
2011 Russia Irina Khromacheva
2012 Russia Yulia Putintseva
2015 Russia Anna Kalinskaya Russia Anna Blinkova
2020 Russia Alina Charaeva
2021 Russia Erika Andreeva
Legend
Player won 3 Grand Slam singles tournaments in the same year
Player won 2 Grand Slam singles tournaments in the same year
Bolded name indicates player went on to win Senior Grand Slam singles title

Junior GS singles titles by country[edit]

17 
 Soviet Union
16 
 Russia

Junior GS doubles champions by year[edit]

Event Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Girls' Doubles 1984 Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Girls' Doubles 1986 no competition Soviet Union Leila Meskhi
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
Girls' Doubles 1987 Soviet Union Natalia Medvedeva
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
Soviet Union Natalia Medvedeva
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
Girls' Doubles 2001 Russia Galina Fokina
Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Girls' Doubles 2003 Russia Alisa Kleybanova cancelled due to inclement weather
Girls' Doubles 2005 Russia Alisa Kleybanova
Girls' Doubles 2006 Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova Russia Alisa Kleybanova
Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
Girls' Doubles 2007 Russia Evgeniya Rodina
Russia Arina Rodionova
Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
Girls' Doubles 2008 Russia Ksenia Lykina
Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova
Girls' Doubles 2009 Russia Valeriya Solovyeva
Girls' Doubles 2011 Russia Irina Khromacheva Russia Irina Khromacheva
Girls' Doubles 2012 Russia Daria Gavrilova
Russia Irina Khromacheva
Girls' Doubles 2014 Russia Elizaveta Kulichkova
Girls' Doubles 2015 Russia Aleksandra Pospelova
Girls' Doubles 2016 Russia Anna Kalinskaya
Girls' Doubles 2019 Russia Oksana Selekhmeteva
Girls' Doubles 2021 not held Russia Oksana Selekhmeteva Russia Diana Shnaider
Girls' Doubles 2022 Russia Diana Shnaider Russian and Belarusian players suspended because of the politics
Total by
country
1x Soviet Union
6x Russia
2x Soviet Union
4x Russia
1x Soviet Union
4x Russia
6x Russia
Legend
Player/Team won 3 Grand Slam doubles tournaments in the same year
Player/Team won 2 Grand Slam doubles tournaments in the same year
Bolded name indicates player went on to win Senior Grand Slam doubles title

Junior GS doubles titles by country[edit]

20 
 Russia
 Soviet Union

Olympics medal count[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Russia (RUS)3328
2 ROC (ROC)1203
3 Unified Team (EUN)0022
4 Russian Empire (RU1)0000
 Soviet Union (URS)0000
Totals (5 nations)45413

References[edit]

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  17. ^ Gonzalez, Isabel (13 June 2022). "Daniil Medvedev takes No. 1 world ranking, ending 18-year streak of tennis' 'Big Three ' dominating top spots". CBS Sports. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
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  33. ^ "Grayish blue / #d4d4d5 hex color". colorxexa.com. ColorHexa.
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  35. ^ "Макрон изменил синий цвет на французском флаге. Но этого никто не заметил". meduza.io (in Russian). Meduza. 15 November 2021. Retrieved 21 November 2021. In 1991-1993, the colors of the Russian state flag were designated as white, azure and scarlet. But in 1993, Russian President Boris Yeltsin changed the colors to white, blue and red. He also changed the ratio of the flag's width to its length — instead of 1:2, he has approved 2:3