Russian World

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The Russian World (Russian: Русский мир) is the social totality associated with the Russian culture; it comprises both the Russian diaspora and the Russian culture together with its influence in the world. [1]

Three periods of the development of the concept may be distinguished:

Russian Empire[edit]

In Russian Empire, the idea of Russian World was of conservative nationalistic type. Vyacheslav Nikonov, chairman of the Russian World Foundation remarked that Russian World did not reach beyond Russia proper. He lamented that at these times 1/7th of the world population lived in Russian Empire, while now the ratio is 1/50.[2]

1990s[edit]

Major authors behind the resurrection of the concept in the post-Soviet Russia include Pyotr Shchedrovitsky (ru), Yefim Ostrovsky, Valery Tishkov, Vitaly Skrinnik, Tatiana Poloskova and Natalia Narochnickaya. Since Russia emerged from the Soviet Union as still significantly multiethnic and multicultural country, for the "Russian idea" to be unifying, it could not be ethnocentric, as it was in the doctrine Orthodoxy, Autocracy, and Nationality (Правосла́вие, самодержа́вие, наро́дность) of late Russian Empire. In 2000 Shchedrovitsky presented main ideas of the "Russian World" concept in the article "Russian World and Transnational Russian Characteristics" ("Русский мир и Транснациональное русское"[3]), among the central ones of which was the Russian language. [1] Andis Kudors of Wilson Center analyzing Shchedrovitsky's article concludes that it follows the ideas first laid out by the 18th century philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder about the influence of language on thinking (which has become known as the principle of linguistic relativity): the ones who speak Russian, they think Russian, and eventually act Russian. [1]

Putin era[edit]

Eventually the idea of Russian World was adopted by the Russian administration, and in 2007 Vladimir Putin decreed the establishment of the government-sponsored Russkiy Mir Foundation.

A number of observers consider the promotion of the Russian World concept as an element of the revanchist idea of the restoration of Russia or its influence back to the borders of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire. [4][5][6]

Other observers described the concept as an instrument for projecting the Russian soft power.[7][1] [1]

In Ukraine, the promotion of the Russian World has become strongly associated with the Russian military intervention in Ukraine.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Andis Kudors (2010). ""Russian World"—Russia's Soft Power Approach to Compatriots Policy" (PDF). Russian Analytical Digest. Research Centre for East European Studies. 81 (10). Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  2. ^ Itogi, "7 Дней" magazine vol. 617, 2008, p. 22 Quote: «В начале XX века русский мир совпадал с Российской империей, ее население насчитывало 170 миллионов человек. Население планеты тогда составляло миллиард, а это значит, что в Российской империи жил каждый седьмой. Сегодня наше население — 142 миллиона человек, тогда как население земного шара перевалило за 6 миллиардов. Ныне лишь один из 50 человек живет в России. Никогда у нас не было такой диспропорции между площадью занимаемой территории и численностью населения».
  3. ^ "Русский мир и Транснациональное русское", Russian Journal, March 2, 2000
  4. ^ «Русский мир», бессмысленный и беспощадный
  5. ^ Путин пугает соседей «Русским миром» | Россия | ИноСМИ — Все, что достойно перевода
  6. ^ Экс-советник Путина назвал страны, на которые Россия может напасть после Украины
  7. ^ Alexei Dolinsky (Mar 2, 2011). "How to Strengthen Soft Power?". Russkiy Mir Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 June 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "но есть серьезные угрозы" ("'Russian World' Retreats in Ukraine, However There Are Serious Threats")
  9. ^ "Путин надеется на возвращение Украины в так называемый "русский мир" - Полторак " ("Poltorak: Putin Hopes to Return Ukraine into the So-Called 'Russian World'")