Russian battlecruiser Admiral Lazarev

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Kirov-class battlecruiser.jpg
Frunze c.1986
History
Soviet Union
Name: Frunze
Namesake:
Builder: Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, Leningrad
Laid down: 27 July 1978
Launched: 26 May 1981
Commissioned: 31 October 1984
Renamed: Admiral Lazarev
Status: Laid-up in Abrek Bay, Fokino, Primorsky Krai
General characteristics
Class and type: Kirov-class battlecruiser
Displacement: 24,300 tons Standard, 28,000 (Full Load)
Length:
  • 252 m (827 ft)
  • 230 m (750 ft) (Waterline)
Beam: 28.5 m (94 ft)
Draft: 9.1 m (30 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 2-shaft CONAS, Nuclear propulsion with steam turbine boost
  • 140,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range:
  • 1,000 nautical miles (2,000 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h) (combined propulsion),
  • Essentially unlimited with nuclear power at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Complement:
  • 727
  • Aircrew: 18
  • Flag staff: 15
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar on foremast
  • Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar on main mast
  • 2 × Palm Frond navigation radar on foremast
  • 2 × Top Dome for SA-N-6 fire control
  • 4 × Bass Tilt for AK-360 CIWS System fire control
  • 2 × Eye Bowl for SA-N-4 fire control
  • Horse Jaw LF hull sonar
  • Horse Tail VDS (Variable Depth Sonar)
Armament:
Armour: 76 mm plating around reactor compartment, light splinter protection
Aircraft carried: 3 Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" or Ka-25 "Hormone"
Aviation facilities: Below-deck hangar

Admiral Lazarev (Russian: Адмирал Лазарев) is the second Kirov-class battlecruiser. Until 1992 she was named Frunze (Russian: Фрунзе) after Bolshevik leader Mikhail Frunze; at that time she was renamed after Russian admiral Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev. The ship is currently laid up, awaiting disposal.

Construction and design[edit]

She was laid down on 27 July 1978 at Baltiysky Naval Shipyard, Leningrad, launched on 26 May 1981, and commissioned on 31 October 1984.[1]

Differences from lead ship[edit]

Admiral Lazarev was constructed differently from the lead ship of the class. On the forward part of the ship, the twin SS-N-14 ASW missile launcher was replaced with 8 octuple SA-N-9 surface-to-air missile vertical launchers. On the aft part, a single twin AK-130 130 mm gun, similar to the guns used on Slava and Sovremennyy, was used instead of two 100 mm guns. Near the flight deck, the 30 mm CIWS cannons were moved to the aft superstructure and replaced with 8 octuple SA-N-9 vertical launchers. There were also some differences in the sensors, ESM/ECM suite and communication systems.[2]

Career[edit]

In December 1984 she joined the Soviet Navy's Pacific Fleet. The following summer she visited Luanda, Aden, and Vietnam.[citation needed]

Fate[edit]

In 1999 the cruiser was taken out of service and prepared for scrapping as no money was available for its overhaul.[3] In 2004–2005 the cruiser's nuclear fuel was unloaded.[3] As of 2009 it was reported that the ship was moored near Vladivostok, in conservation status. The Russian Navy planned to modernize the ship and return it to active service, provided that the necessary funds were found.[4] In 2012 it appeared unlikely modernization would occur, as the ship was "considered to be beyond repair,... will be scrapped, a source in the military complex says.".[5] Admiral Lazarev has appeared in aerial imagery from 2006 to 2014 moored in the Abrek Bay mothball fleet, near Fokino, Primorsky Krai.[6][7] Its berth is around 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the Russian nuclear-powered vessel decommissioning facility at the Chazma Bay naval yard. In northern summer 2014, Admiral Lazarev was painted at "30 судоремонтного завода" in the Chazma Bay drydock to extend preservation time in the reserve fleet.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kirov Class – Project 1144". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Miller, David; Miller, Chris (1986). Modern naval combat. London: Salamander Books. p. 114. ISBN 0-86101-231-3. 
  3. ^ a b "Адмирал Лазарев" (in Russian). flot.com. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  4. ^ www.janes.com Archived November 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Pettersen, Trude (27 September 2012). "Only one nuclear cruiser to be modernized". Barents Observer. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  6. ^ Google Earth Images from September 2006 to May 2014
  7. ^ Тымченко, Сергей (7 April 2014). "Photo of Admiral Lazarev". Panoramio. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Крейсер "Адмирал Лазарев" подготовили к стоянке на ТОФ. flotprom.ru (in Russian). 17 December 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 

Coordinates: 42.929623°0′0″N 132.419354°0′0″E / 42.92962°N 132.41935°E / 42.92962; 132.41935