Russian battlecruiser Pyotr Velikiy
|Commissioned:||18 April 1998|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2015[update]|
|Class and type:||Kirov-class battlecruiser|
|Displacement:||24,300 tons Standard, 28,000 (full load)|
|Length:||252 m (827 ft)
230 m (750 ft) (waterline)
|Beam:||28.5 m (94 ft)|
|Draft:||9.1 m (30 ft)|
|Installed power:||140,000 shp|
|Propulsion:||2-shaft, nuclear propulsion with steam turbine boost|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Range:||1,000 nautical miles (2,000 km) at 30 knots (56 km/h) (combined propulsion),
Essentially unlimited with nuclear power at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Flag staff: 15
|·Voskhod MR-800 (Top Pair) 3D search radar on foremast
·Fregat MR-710 (Top Steer) 3D search radar on main mast
·2 × Palm Frond navigation radar on foremast
·1 aft × Top Dome for SA-N-6 fire control
·1 forward x Tomb Stone (Passive electronically scanned array)
·4 × Bass Tilt for AK-360 CIWS System fire control
·2 × Eye Bowl for SA-N-4 fire control
·Horse Jaw LF hull sonar
·Horse Tail VDS (Variable Depth Sonar)
|Armament:||20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship missiles
16x8 (128) 3K95 "Kinzhal" (SA-N-9) surface-to-air missiles
12x8 (96) S-300FM Favorit surface-to-air missiles
44 OSA-MA (SA-N-4 Gecko) PD SAM
2x RBU-1000 (Smerch-3) 305 mm ASW rocket launchers
2x RBU-12000 (Udav-1) 254 mm ASW rocket launchers
1 twin AK-130 130 mm/L70 dual purpose gun
10 533 mm ASW/ASuW torpedo tubes, Type 53 torpedo or SS-N-15 ASW missile
6x Kashtan (CADS-N-1) point defense gun/missile system
|Armour:||76 mm plating around reactor compartment, light splinter protection|
|Aircraft carried:||3 × Kamov Ka-27 "Helix" or Ka-25 "Hormone"|
|Aviation facilities:||Below-deck hangar|
Pyotr Velikiy (Russian: Пётр Великий) is the fourth Kirov-class battlecruiser of the Russian Navy. She was originally named Yuri Andropov (Russian: Юрий Андропов). The Russian designation for the type is "heavy missile cruiser", but Western defense commentators re-invented the term "battlecruiser" to describe these; the largest surface combatant warships in the world. Pyotr Velikiy is the flagship of the Northern Fleet.
Construction of the ship was heavily impacted by the economic problems before and after the fall of the Soviet Union and it was not commissioned until 1996, ten years after work had started. By then it had been renamed Pyotr Velikiy, Russian for Peter the Great.
In August 2000 Pyotr Velikiy was in the Barents Sea involved in the largest naval training exercise since the fall of the Soviet Union. The ship was to be the designated target of the Oscar-II class submarine K-141 Kursk, and was conducting evasive maneuvers when communication with Kursk was lost, the submarine apparently having suffered a catastrophic torpedo detonation with all hands lost. Pyotr Velikiy guarded the area where the submarine sank during the subsequent salvage operation in 2001.
In March 2004, Russian Navy chief Admiral Vladimir Kuroyedov declared Pyotr Velikiy unfit for service due to problems with the ship's engineering maintenance. On April 19, 2004, it was docked in the floating drydock PD-50 for painting of the underside of the hull, repairs and examination of the steering system. The repairs were completed later that year, and it was carrying out missions again by August. Pyotr Velikiy has been known to carry two pennant numbers during its service; "183" and currently "099".
On September 8, 2008, it was announced that Pyotr Velikiy would sail to the Caribbean Sea to participate in naval exercises with the Venezuelan Navy, along with the destroyer Admiral Chabanenko and other support ships. This action would represent the first major Russian show of force in that sea since the end of the Cold War.
On September 22, 2008, Pyotr Velikiy and Admiral Chabanenko left their homeport of Severomorsk.
On October 22, 2008 Pyotr Velikiy made a port visit to Aksaz Karagac, Turkey and on November 6–9, 2008 the nuclear cruiser and Admiral Chabanenko made a port visit to Toulon, France, before departing the Mediterranean on November 10, 2008 passing through the Strait of Gibraltar.
The Pyotr Velikiy arrived in La Guaira, Venezuela on November 25, 2008 coincident with a visit by Russian President Medvedev and a combined exercise VENRUS-200 with the Venezuelan Navy took place on December 1–2, 2008. After finishing the exercises, Admiral Chabanenko made a short visit to Panama December 5–10, 2008 then to Bluefields, Nicaragua December 13 to 15 and Havana, Cuba from December 19 to 23.
Pyotr Velikiy continued alone to Cape Town, South Africa. On January 11, 2009, the chief of the Russian General Staff announced that Pyotr Velikiy and six other Russian warships would participate in a joint naval exercise with the Indian Navy later the same month.
On January 31, Pyotr Velikiy left the port of Mormugao in the Indian state of Goa. After a two-day visit that included a naval exercise with the Indian guided-missile destroyer INS Delhi the cruiser left for African waters where the vessel joined other warships from the Russian navy and conduct the INDRA-2009 exercise.
On March 10, 2009 Pyotr Velikiy returned to its homeport of Severomorsk, ending a six-month deployment.
On March 30, 2010 Pyotr Velikiy left the Northern Fleet for a new six-month deployment. During its six-month tour of duty, the warship passed through the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea before entering the Indian Ocean via the Suez Canal. In the Indian Ocean the Cruiser conducted maneuvers with other Russian warships from the Black Sea Fleet.
On April 14 the missile cruiser visited the Mediterranean port of Tartus in Syria. In September 2008, Russia was reported to be in talks with Syria about turning Tartus into a permanent base for Russian warships in the Middle East.
In early May 2010 Pyotr Velikiy met up with the Russian missile cruiser Moskva in the South China Sea. There they conducted joint exercises and held a traditional farewell ceremony on May 5. The two vessels are due to arrive in Russia's Far Eastern port of Vladivostok to take part in the Vostok-2010 large-scale strategic exercise.
On 29 September Pyotr Velikiy returned to its home base in the Northern Fleet after six months at sea. The flagship of the Northern Fleet had covered about 28,000 nautical miles since the beginning of the mission on March 30, 2010.
Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin visiting Pyotr Velikiy
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- Andrew E. Kramer (September 14, 2013). "Russia Preparing Patrols of Arctic Shipping Lanes". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
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