Russian cruiser Pallada (1899)
Pallada circa 1903
|Career (Russian Empire)|
|Builder:||Admiralty Shipyard, Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|Laid down:||1 December 1895|
|Fate:||Sunk, 8 December 1904|
|Career (Empire of Japan)|
|Acquired:||by Japan as prize of war, 1905|
|Fate:||Expended as target, 1924|
|Class and type:||Pallada-class protected cruiser|
|Displacement:||6,731 long tons (6,839 t)|
|Length:||126.8 m (416 ft)|
|Beam:||16.8 m (55 ft 1 in)|
|Draught:||7.3 m (24 ft)|
|Propulsion:||3-shaft VTE; 26 Belleville boilers; 13,000 hp (9,700 kW)|
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)|
|Armament:||• 8 × 152 mm (6 in) guns
• 24 × 75 mm (3 in) guns
• 8 × 37 mm (1.5 in) guns
• 3 × 380 mm (15 in) torpedo tubes
|Armour:||Deck: 50–62 mm (2.0–2.4 in)
Conning tower: 150 mm (5.9 in)
Pallada was the lead ship in the Pallada class of protected cruisers in the Imperial Russian Navy. She was built in the Admiralty Shipyard at Saint Petersburg, Russia. The new class was a major improvement on previous Russian cruisers, although the armor protection was light.
The Pallada class consisted of three cruisers built expressly with the intention of strengthening the Russian fleet in the Far East. Pallada and Diana were both laid down in December 1895 but Pallada was launched first in August 1899, followed by Diana in October 1899. Aurora, which survives in Saint Petersburg as a museum ship, was laid down in June 1897 and was not launched until May 1900. Soon after commissioning, both Pallada and Diana were assigned to the Russian First Pacific Squadron at Port Arthur, Manchuria.
In August 1904 at the Battle of the Yellow Sea, after being struck by a torpedo, Pallada managed to make her way back to Port Arthur, and was thus unable to break through the Japanese blockade along with a number of other Russian cruisers. Thereafter, Pallada was trapped in the harbor. Her guns were removed to help strengthen the land defenses and most of her crew was reassigned to serve as infantry. Pallada was sunk by Japanese 11-inch siege howitzers on 8 December 1904.
After the end of the war, the wreck of Pallada was raised and towed to Japan, where it was repaired and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy as a prize of war. Renamed Tsugaru, she served as a training vessel and later as a minelayer until decommissioned in 1922 and sunk as a target in 1924.
- Chesneau, Roger and Eugene M Kolesnik, eds. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Conway Maritime Press (1979). ISBN 0-85177-133-5
- Howarth, Stephen. The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895–1945. Atheneum; (1983) ISBN 0-689-11402-8
- Jentsura, Hansgeorg. Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. Naval Institute Press (1976). ISBN 0-87021-893-X