Russian cruiser Pamiat Azova

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Memoryofazov.jpg
History
Russian Empire
Name: Pamiat Azova
Builder: Baltic Works, St. Petersburg, Russia
Laid down: 1886
Launched: 1 July 1888
Commissioned: 1890
Renamed: Dvina in 1909
Reclassified: torpedo school ship in 1909
Refit: 1904
Fate: Sunk by British torpedo boats on 18 August 1919
General characteristics
Type: Armoured cruiser
Displacement: 6,674 t (6,569 long tons)
Length: 384 ft 6 in (117.20 m)
Beam: 56 ft 6 in (17.22 m)
Draught: 26 ft 10 in (8.18 m)
Propulsion:
  • As built:
    • Two shaft VTE steam engines
    • Six cylindrical boilers - 8,500 ihp (6,300 kW)
  • Refitted:
    • Two vertical triple expansion
    • 18 Bellville boilers - 5,664 ihp (4,224 kW)
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h)
Range: Carried 1,200 tons coal
Complement: 640
Armament:
Armour:
  • Belt: 6–4 in (150–100 mm)
  • Deck: 2.5 in (64 mm)
  • Gun shields: 2 in (51 mm)
  • Conning tower: 1.5 in (38 mm)

Pamiat Azova (Russian: Память Азовa) was a unique armoured cruiser built for the Imperial Russian Navy in the late 1880s. She was decommissioned from front line service in 1909, converted into a depot ship and sunk by British torpedo boats during the Baltic Naval War, part of the Russian Civil War.

Name[edit]

The name of the ship commemorated the Russian ship of the line Azov, the flagship of the Russian squadron in the Battle of Navarino. The name of that ship, in its turn, referred to the Azov campaigns of Peter the Great. After the battle Nicholas I of Russia decreed that after the retirement of Azov the Imperial Navy must perpetually have a ship named Pamyat Azova (English: The Memory of Azov). The cruiser commissioned in 1890 was the third ship carrying this name.

Design[edit]

The ship was designed as a commerce raider and rigged with sails to extend range. She was built by Baltic Works in Saint Petersburg and launched on 1 July 1888. Her machinery was re-built in 1904 with Bellville type boilers.

Service[edit]

Pamiat Azova Egg
The wreck of Pamiat Azova in Kronstadt

The ship served with the Baltic Fleet, and in 1891-1892 it took part in a Cruise around Asia with Crown Prince Nicholas on board. This led to a Fabergé egg, the Memory of Azov being made to commemorate this event. She made a visit to the French Navy in October 1893 in Toulon to reinforce the Franco-Russian Alliance.[1]

In 1906, during the First Russian Revolution, the crew of the cruiser mutinied while near Reval. The ship subsequently was placed in reserve. In 1909 she was converted into a torpedo boat depot ship and renamed Dvina.

The ship was sunk by the British torpedo boat CMB79 in Kronstadt Harbour on 18 August 1919. The wreck was raised and scrapped.

See also[edit]

Media related to Frigate Pamyat' Azova at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ L'Illustration, n° 2642, Oct. 14, 1893

References[edit]